Tinizong-Rona

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Tinizong-Rona
Tinizong-Rona -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Tinizong-Rona
Canton Graubünden
District Albula
46°35′N 9°37′E / 46.583°N 9.617°E / 46.583; 9.617Coordinates: 46°35′N 9°37′E / 46.583°N 9.617°E / 46.583; 9.617
Population 333 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 6 /km2 (16 /sq mi)
Area 54.3 km2 (21.0 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 1,232 m (4,042 ft)
Postal code 7453 Tinizong
7454 Rona
SFOS number 3541
Executive Gemeindevorstand
Mayor Gemeindepräsident
Surrounded by Bergün/Bravuogn, Bever, Filisur, Mulegns, Savognin, Sur
Website www.tinizong-rona.ch
SFSO statistics
Tinizong-Rona is located in Switzerland
Tinizong-Rona
Tinizong-Rona

Tinizong-Rona is a municipality in the district of Albula in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. It was formed in 1998 from the communes of Tinizong and Rona. The local administration is situated in Tinizong.

History[edit]

Tinizong is mentioned during the Nervan–Antonine dynasty (96 to 192) of the Roman Empire as Tinetione, a station on the Roman Septimer Pass route.[3] Rona is first mentioned in 1330 as Rouenam. In 1377 it was mentioned as Rouvena, and in 1412 as Rofna.[4]

Geography[edit]

Tinizong village

Tinizong-Rona has an area, as of 2006, of 54.3 km2 (21.0 sq mi). Of this area, 32.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (40.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

The municipality is located in the sub-district of Surses, in the Albula district. It is located along the route to the Julier pass. It consists of the villages of Tinizong and Rona. Rona consists of Ober-Rona (Romansh: Ruegnas) on a terrace and Unter-Rona (Romansh: Rieven) along the banks of the Julia river. Rieven used to be located on the same site as the hamlet of Livizung (the hamlet was destroyed in 1580 by a rock slide), but moved following repeated flooding of the river. In 1998 the municipalities merged to form the municipality of Rona-Tinizong.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Tinizong-Rona has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 333.[1] As of 2008, 17.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -9.1%.[5]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tinizong-Rona is; 47 people or 12.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 29 people or 7.9% are 10 to 14, and 8 people or 2.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 35 people or 9.5% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 45 people or 12.2% are 30 to 39, 63 people or 17.1% are 40 to 49, and 38 people or 10.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 42 people or 11.4% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 38 people or 10.3% are 70 to 79, there are 19 people or 5.1% who are 80 to 89, and there are 5 people or 1.4% who are 90 to 99.[8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 42.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (26.9%), the SPS (18.1%) and the FDP (10.4%).[5]

In Tinizong-Rona about 54.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5]

Tinizong-Rona has an unemployment rate of 1.36%. As of 2005, there were 40 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 60 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 9 businesses in this sector. 19 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 10 businesses in this sector.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[7]

year population
1850 544
1900 496
1950 530
1960 470
1970 409
1980 332
1990 339
2000 369

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (50.1%), with German being second most common (38.8%) and Portuguese being third ( 4.9%).[5] The official language of the municipality is the Surmiran dialect of the Romansh language.

Languages in Tinizong-Rona
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 57 17.17% 95 28.02% 143 38.75%
Romanish 264 79.52% 227 66.96% 185 50.14%
Italian 7 2.11% 6 1.77% 12 3.25%
Population 332 100% 339 100% 369 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Church of S. Plasch (St. Blasius) and the Chasa Cresta Nr. 5 are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[9]

The church was first mentioned in 1180. In 1512 the side altars were rebuilt. In 1663 it was rebuilt from the original gothic style by the Capuchin friars.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 16 September 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ Tinizong in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Rona in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 01-Oct-2009
  6. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  7. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  9. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 01-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]