Tinker Air Force Base

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tinker Air Force Base
Air Force Materiel Command.png
Part of Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC)
Located near: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Boeing E-3 Sentry 090512-F-7550B-902.jpg
F-108 Engine Maintence for KC-135 Stratotankers TInker Air Logistics Center.jpg
F-108 Engine Maintenance for KC-135 Stratotankers at Tinker Air Logistics Center
Coordinates 35°24′53″N 097°23′12″W / 35.41472°N 97.38667°W / 35.41472; -97.38667 (Tinker AFB)
Site information
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1941
In use 1941-Present
Garrison information
Garrison 72d Air Base Wing.png
72d Air Base Wing
Airfield information
IATA: TIKICAO: KTIKFAA LID: TIK
Summary
Elevation AMSL 1,291 ft / 393 m
Coordinates 35°24′53″N 097°23′12″W / 35.41472°N 97.38667°W / 35.41472; -97.38667Coordinates: 35°24′53″N 097°23′12″W / 35.41472°N 97.38667°W / 35.41472; -97.38667
Website www.tinker.af.mil
Map
KTIK is located in Oklahoma
KTIK
KTIK
Location of Tinker Air Force Base
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13/31 10,000 3,048 PEM
18/36 11,101 3,384 PEM
TeamTinker2004.jpg

Tinker Air Force Base (IATA: TIKICAO: KTIKFAA LID: TIK) is a major U.S. Air Force base, with tenant U.S. Navy and other Department of Defense missions, located in Midwest City, Oklahoma, directly southeast of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

The base, originally known as Midwest Air Depot, is named in honor of Oklahoma native Major General Clarence L. Tinker, the first Native American Major General.[1][2]

Tinker is the headquarters of the Air Force Materiel Command's (AFMC) Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center (OC-ALC), which is the worldwide manager for a wide range of aircraft, engines, missiles, software and avionics and accessories components. The commander of OC-ALC is Lieutenant General Bruce A. Litchfield. The host unit at Tinker is the 72d Air Base Wing (72 ABW) which provides services and support for the Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center and its tenant organizations. The Wing and Installation Commander of Tinker Air Force Base is Col. Christopher Azzano.[3]

Units currently stationed at base[edit]

Tinker AFB is home to major Department of Defense, Air Force and Navy units with national defense missions.

The Oklahoma City Air Logistics Complex is the largest air logistics center in the Air Force Materiel Command. It provides depot maintenance, product support, services and supply chain management, and information support for 31 weapon systems, 10 commands, 93 Air Force bases and 46 foreign nations. It is the contracting office for the Air Force's Contract Field Teams program.

The 72d Air Base Wing is a multi-unit, multi-mission wing that includes base services and support for the Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, associate organizations, dependents, and retirees.

The 76th Maintenance Wing includes the 76 Aircraft Maintenance Group, the 76 Propulsion Maintenance Group, the 76 Commodities Maintenance Group, the 76 Software Maintenance Group and the 76 Maintenance Support Group.

The 38th Cyberspace Engineering Group (AFSPC) has worldwide responsibility for engineering, installation, and interoperability of all communications and electronic facilities for the Air Force.

Defense Mega Center Oklahoma City is the local branch of the Defense Information Systems Agency. The Mega center operates computer systems for the base and serves 110 other bases in 46 states.

The Defense Distribution Depot Oklahoma provides the receipt, storage, issue, inspection and shipment of material, including material quality control, preservation and packaging, inventory, transportation functions and pick up and delivery services in support of the Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center and other Tinker-based organizations.

The Oklahoma Wing Civil Air Patrol headquarters provides state level support to the 14 units across the state of Oklahoma.

The 552d Air Control Wing flies Air Combat Command's E-3 Sentry AWACS aircraft. The E-3's radar and other sensors provide deep-look surveillance, warning, interception control and airborne battle management. The 552 ACW encompasses 3 groups: 552d Operations Group, 552d Maintenance Group and 552d Air Control Group.

The 507th Air Refueling Wing of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) is one of two Air Force Reserve flying units in the state of Oklahoma. The 507 ARW is operationally gained by Air Mobility Command (AMC), but reports to Fourth Air Force (4 AF) and supports AMC's airlift and air refueling requirements.

The 507th consists of three subordinate groups, 15 squadrons and five flights, employing approximately 1,155 men and women. Approximately 184 members of the 507th are Air Reserve Technicians (ARTs) who serve as a full-time support cadre along with 20 traditional civilian employees. Approximately 350 additional reservists serve with the 931st Air Refueling Group (931 ARG), a subordinate unit of the 507 ARW, that provides direct support to the Air Mobility Command's 22d Air Refueling Wing at McConnell AFB, Kansas.

The 507 ARW operates twelve KC-135R "Stratotanker" air refueling aircraft at Tinker and works together with the Oklahoma Air National Guard's 137th Air Refueling Wing (137 ARW), also co-located at Tinker. As an associate unit, the 507 ARW also operates the Federal Aviation Administration's FAA's British Aerospace Hawker 125-800 aircraft (ex-USAF C-29A) in the aviation standards and navigational aid inspection mission.[4]

The 137th Air Refueling Wing flies the KC-135R in conjunction with the 507th Air Refueling Wing, having assumed an aerial refueling mission in 2008. The 137 ARW traces its origins to the 137th Fighter Group, founded on 21 November 1946 at Norman, Oklahoma and receiving its Federal recognition on 18 December 1947. In April 1949, a tornado struck the base at Norman. The damage was considered too extensive for economical repair and the decision was made to move the 137th to Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City. An Air National Guard Station was constructed and the move accomplished on September 6, 1949.

The 137th began as the 185th Fighter Squadron, with the P-51 Mustang. Afterwards, a variety of aircraft have been assigned to the wing, including the F-80 Shooting Star and F-86 Sabrejet. Renamed as a Troop Carrier Group, Tactical Airlift Group, Airlift Group and Airlift Wing, the 137th later flew the C-97 Stratocruiser, C-124 Globemaster, and C-130 Hercules, having flown the latter from 1974 to 2007. Its previous C-130H models replaced older versions of the Hercules and were received directly from the factory, becoming the first ANG unit to receive brand new aircraft.

In its 2005 BRAC Recommendations, DoD recommended to realign Will Rogers AGS by relocating the 137th Airlift Wing (ANG) to Tinker AFB, redesignating it as an air refueling wing and associating it with the Air Force Reserve's 507th Air Refueling Wing while redistributing its C-130H aircraft to other ANG airlift wings.

Tinker is also the home of the United States Navy's Strategic Communications Wing One. It consists of three squadrons and a wing staff, and employs over 1,300 active-duty sailors and 100 contractors to provide maintenance, security, operations, administration, training and logistic support for the E-6 Mercury aircraft fleet. The E-6B Mercury enables the President of the United States and the Secretary of Defense to directly contact submarines, bombers and missile silos enforcing the country's national security through nuclear deterrence.

The Wing is unique. The Wing provides a secure communications link designed to for use in the event of nuclear war or other major conflict or incident in order to maintain communications between the decision makers comprising the National Command Authority (NCA) and the triad of US strategic nuclear weapon delivery systems, i.e., manned bombers, land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs). Also known as the TACAMO mission for "Take Charge and Move Out," STRATCOMWING ONE operates the Navy's E-6 Mercury aircraft in two operational squadrons and one training squadron.

STRATCOMWING ONE's primary mission is to receive, verify and retransmit Emergency Action Messages (EAMs) to US strategic forces. With the retirement of the USAF EC-135 Looking Glass airframe, the E-6 Mercury upgraded with the Airborne Launch Control System (ALCS) have also assumed the airborne command post mission for the United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). OC-ALC airframe artisans perform depot work on the Navy's E-6 Mercury aircraft, which are based on the Boeing 707 airframe. The wing's Navy sailors perform organizational and field level maintenance work, with the former integrated at the flying squadron level while the latter is performed at the wing's aircraft intermediate maintenance department (AIMD) level. The wing also operates alert facilities for E-6B aircraft at Travis AFB, California and Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland. STRATCOMWING ONE's subordinate squadrons include:

  • Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron THREE (VQ-3) (E-6B)
  • Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron FOUR (VQ-4) (E-6B)
  • Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron SEVEN (VQ-7)

Tinker has on base several offices of the Defense Logistics Agency, the agency that provides supplies to the military services and supports their acquisition and transportation of repair parts and other materials.[5]

DLA Aviation has two offices at Tinker Air Force Base, DLA Aviation Customer Operations commanded by COL Rex Adee, USAF, and DLA Strategic Acquisitions at Tinker AFB, under Frances Evans, Acting Director, DLR Procurement Operations.

DLA Distribution is a combat support agency and the Lead Center for Distribution. DLA Distribution has 26 sites around the world are responsible for the receipt, storage, issue, packing, preservation and transportation of more than 4 million items.

DLA Distribution Oklahoma City provides a full range of distribution services in support of the Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, other tenants at Tinker Air Force Base, and other global customers. Support to the Air Logistics Center is primarily for programmed depot maintenance for aircraft and engines. The majority of the items shipped from Oklahoma City are destined for "customers" on base including the 552nd Air Control Wing, the U. S. Navy Strategic Communications Wing One, the 507th Air Refueling Wing and the 3rd Combat Communications Group.

DLA Document Services provides a full portfolio of document services including traditional offset printing, on-demand printing, and online document services. In Oklahoma, DLA Document Services[6] DLA Document Services locations in Oklahoma] include Fort Sill in Lawton, Oklahoma, the McAlester Army Ammunition Plant, and Tinker AFB.

Civil Air Patrol Oklahoma Wing Headquarters is located at the base ops building.

The Flying Castle Composite Squadron is a Civil Air Patrol squadron that is composed of cadet and senior members that meet Tuesday evenings.

Public/Private Partnerships[edit]

Community support for Tinker can be seen by the establishment of two public/private partnerships that support base operations by using local dollars to make available additional facilities for base use. While these partnerships are technically separate facilities, Tinker's security perimeter is extended around these facilities.

Maintenance Repair and Overhaul Technology Center (MROTC)[edit]

The first of the public/private partnerships is The Oklahoma Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul Technology Center (MROTC),[7] managed by Battelle Oklahoma, owned by Oklahoma Industries Authority (OIA),[8] and partners with the Department of Defense to provide a national center for technical solutions to aging commercial and military aircraft. The MROTC[9] is a 370-acre (1.5 km2) world-class MRO facility, on the south east site of Tinker AFB, sharing runways and security with the base. The MROTC complex is planned as a major military and commercial aircraft facility with 17 hangars and more than one million square feet of related industrial space and education and training facilities. The facility currently houses three hangars, one leased by Boeing (designed to accommodiate Boeing 767-400 class aircraft), a second hangar for 767 for lease, and a third hangar designed to accommodate Boeing 707-300 class aircraft.[10]

Building 9001 (Tinker Aerospace Complex)[edit]

The second of the public-private partnerships is Building 9001, originally known as the Tinker Aerospace Complex[11] housed in the former General Motors Oklahoma City Assembly Plant located west of the runway on the south side of the base, north of I-240. A 50-year lease-purchase agreement was executed in September 2008 between Oklahoma County and the Air Force, covering the 2.5 million square foot (353,000 m²) facility and 407-acre (1.65 km2). Previously, the largest single building at the base was Building 3001 at 1,300,000 square feet (120,000 m2). Tinker has leased about 4/5 of the facility and will host some current 76th Maintenance Wing operations as well as other Department of Defense missions, including work on the C-17 engines, joint strike fighter engines and core work on the new KC-46 tanker. Work being transferred to the complex is currently being done at 69 separate facilities on base, many of which are World War II-era temporary buildings located in runway clear zones. Burlington Northern Santa Fe provides a rail spur into the complex.

In 2014 Oklahoma County agreed to issue $10 million in bonds to help finance the purchase of a 156-acre (0.63 km2) BNSF Railway marshaling yard, just north of the TAC building.[12]

In addition to providing space for the work of the Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center, the Tinker Aerospace Complex can also be used to house public/private business partnerships. Currently there are three programs. The Cooperative Research and Development Partnership has the objective of advancing science and technology to meet Air Force requirements and transferring technology into the commercial marketplace (CRADA, governed by Title 15 USC 3710a).[13] Public Private Partnerships, or statutory partnering, is where the government acts as a seller to private industry in either a direct sales agreement, Workshare Partnering Agreement, or a Facilities Use Agreement (governed by Title 10 USC 2474).[14] Finally, the Enhanced Use Lease requires Congressional approval and full fair market value rent for underutilized Air Force assets(governed by 10 USC 2667).[15]

History[edit]

Tinker Air Force Base is named in honor of Major General Clarence L. Tinker.[1] An Osage Indian from Pawhuska, Oklahoma, he received his wings in 1921.[2] He was a graduate of Wentworth Military Academy who went on to become the first major general of American Indian descent in U.S. Army history.[2]

In 1926 he was awarded the Soldiers Medal for returning to his blazing aircraft to rescue a fellow officer. On 7 June 1942, he led a flight of B-24 Liberators on a long-range strike against Japanese forces on Wake Island during World War II. General Tinker was killed when his aircraft presumably crashed into the sea. At the time of his death, General Tinker was commander of the Hawaii-based Seventh Air Force.

Originally known as the Midwest Air Depot, the base was renamed in Tinker's honor on January 13, 1948.[1]

Several of the base's access gates are named in honor of persons with historic ties to the base or to Oklahoma. On 9 May 1997, base officials[16] placed the following names:

  • Tinker Gate (former Gate 1), located on the north side, opens onto Air Depot Boulevard. It was named for Major General Clarence L. Tinker, U.S. Army Air Forces general killed in World War II
  • Eaker Gate (former Gate 2) opens onto F Avenue. It was named for General Ira C. Eaker, commander of the US Eighth Air Force in Europe during World War II
  • Turnbull Gate, at the intersection of Perimeter Road and A Avenue. It was named for Colonel William Turnbull, the first Tinker Air Logistics Center Commander (1942)
  • Hruskocy Gate (pronounced ruh-sko-see, former Gate 7),[17] on Industrial Boulevard at the NE portion of base. It was named for Brigadier General Thomas C. Hruskocy, the OC-ALC chief of Maintenance Resource Management and Material Management Resource divisions at Tinker (1985–1988)
  • Hope Gate, on SE 59th Street. It was named for Colonel John W. Hope, the first commander of the Ground Electronics-Engineering Installation Agency (GEEIA)
  • Gott Gate (former Gate 34), on the south end of Air Depot Boulevard. It was named for 1st Lieutenant Donald J. Gott, posthumous Medal of Honor recipient in World War II.
  • Vance Gate (former Gate 40), on the west side of base off Sooner Road. It was named Lieutenant Colonel Leon R. Vance, Jr, posthumous Medal of Honor recipient in World War II.

In May 1997 the Base[18] named the gates along Douglas Boulevard after aircraft that had been maintained at Tinker:

The base has more than 26,000 military and civilian employees and is the largest single-site employer in the state of Oklahoma. The installation covers approx. 9 square miles (23 km2) and has 760 buildings with a building floor space of over 15,200,000 square feet (1,410,000 m2).[citation needed] The base is bounded by I-40 on the north and I-240 on the south.

With the City of Oklahoma City and Oklahoma County owning several square miles of land adjacent to the base, Tinker is one of the few military bases in a major metropolitan area with sufficient room for expansion. Furthermore, Tinker is located in a community that supports expansion; Oklahoma County voters approved a 2008 measure to purchase the former General Motors Oklahoma City Assembly plant (located adjacent to the base) and lease it to Tinker for future expansion. Now known as Building 9001, the former GM plant houses many shops moved from the main maintenance building, 3001.[19]

Operational history[edit]

In 1940 the War Department was considering the central United States as a location for a supply and maintenance depot. Oklahoma City leaders offered a 480-acre (1.9 km2) site and acquired an option for 960 acres (3.9 km2) additional land. On 8 April 1941, the order was officially signed awarding the depot to Oklahoma City. The Midwest Air Depot was formally activated later in 1941.

The depot was the site of a Douglas Aircraft factory producing approximately half of the C-47 Skytrains used in World War II. The site also produced a number of A-20 Havocs. Production ceased in 1945.

The first successful tornado forecast in history was issued on 25 March 1948 from Tinker, about three hours before the tornado hit the southeast corner of the base. A granite marker in the Heritage Airpark on the base commemorates the event. See 1948 Tinker Air Force Base tornadoes for more information.

On 29 September 1957, Buddy Holly and The Crickets recorded "An Empty Cup", "Rock Me My Baby", "You've Got Love", and "Maybe Baby" in the Tinker Air Force Base Officer's Club.[20]

On 14 November 1984, a massive fire that burned for two days destroyed or damaged over 700,000 square feet (65,000 m2) in the Air Logistics Center, Building 3001. The resulting repairs cost $63.5 million.

During much of the 1990s, Tinker was home to the Automated Weather Network switching facility, which consolidated all U.S. military weather data worldwide. Originally located at Carswell Air Force Base, this unit was later moved to an Air Force Weather Agency facility at Offutt Air Force Base.

In May 1992, Tinker became home to the Navy's "Take Charge and Move Out" (TACAMO) wing, which provides maintenance, security, operations, administration, training and logistic support for the Navy's E-6B Mercury aircraft fleet. TACAMO[21] was the first Navy Air Wing fully integrated on an Air Force base, carrying out a Navy mission in joint operations.

On 3 May 1999, a deadly tornado caused extensive damage to the northwest corner of the base and surrounding communities.[22] For many days afterwards, Tinker personnel helped by providing shelters, search and rescue, and clean-up efforts.

The Oklahoma Maintenance, Repair & Overhaul Technology Center (MROTC), a public-private partnership, was started in 2003. MROTC is managed by Battelle Oklahoma and owned by Oklahoma Industries Authority (OIA), a public trust housed in the offices of the Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce. The first hangars were completed in 2007.

Tinker celebrated the 30-year anniversary of the E-3 Sentry from 29 June to 1 July 2007. Past and present airmen were invited to swap stories and learn about the latest upgrades.[23]

On 13 May 2008, Oklahoma County voters voted in favor of $71.5 million in general obligation bonds, the majority of which has been used to purchase the former General Motors Oklahoma City Assembly plant which is located on the south west section of the base, next to the runway. A 50-year lease-purchase agreement was executed in September 2008 between Oklahoma County and the Air Force, covering the 3.8 million square foot (353,000 m²) facility and surrounding acreage. Oklahoma County officials paid $55 million to buy the plant from General Motors, which is now called the Tinker Aerospace Complex.

Major commands[edit]

  • Air Service Comd, 1 March 1942 – 17 July 1944
  • AAF Materiel and Services, 17 July 1944 – 31 August 1944
  • AAF Technical Service Comd, 31 August 1944 – 1 July 1945
  • Air Technical Service Comd, 1 July 1945 – 9 March 1946
  • Air Materiel Comd, 9 March 1946 – 1 April 1961
  • Air Force Logistics Command, 1 April 1961 – 1 July 1992
  • Air Force Materiel Command, 1 July 1992 – present

Base operating units[edit]

  • OCAD (Oklahoma City Air Depot) Liaison Staff, 1 March 1942 – 15 February 1943
  • 497th Base HQ and Base HQ Sq, 15 February 1943 – 1 April 1944
  • 4136th AAF Base Unit, 1 April 1944 – 26 September 1947
  • 4136th AF Base Unit, 26 September 1947 – 28 August 1948
  • 2919th Area Supply Gp, 28 August 1948 – 15 March 1951
  • 2944th Depot Training Wg, 15 March 1951 – 15 July 1953
  • 2854th Air Base Wg, 15 July 1953 – 16 October 1964
  • 2854th Air Base Gp, 16 October 1964 – 1 October 1994
  • 72 Air Base Wing, 1 October 1994 – present

Major units assigned[edit]

  • OK City Air Depot 1 March 1942 – 3 January 1955
  • 323rd Bomb Group 9 September 1947 – 17 March 1951
  • 456th Bomb Group 26 September 1947 – 17 March 1951
  • 323rd Bomb Wing 27 June 1949 – 28 March 1951
  • 506th Strategic Fighter Wing 20 March 1955 – 1 April 1959
  • 1707 Air Transport Wing 1 June 1959 – 8 January 1966
  • 443d Military Airlift Wing 8 January 1966 – 5 May 1969

1948 tornadoes[edit]

The base was struck by two separate tornadoes in March 1948. The first, on March 20, caused extensive damage. Damages were extensively lessened for the second storm, on March 25, due to the first recorded successful tornado forecast.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Crowder, James. "TINKER AIR FORCE BASE," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed August 18, 2013)
  2. ^ a b c May, Jon D. "TINKER, CLARENCE LEONARD (1887–1942)," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. (accessed August 18, 2013)
  3. ^ O'Brien, Brandice J. "Tinker welcomes new 72nd ABW, installation commander," TAFB, July 3, 2013. (accessed April 17, 2014)
  4. ^ John Pike (1998-06-01). "C-29A". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  5. ^ Defense Logistics Agency downloaded 18 Dec 2012
  6. ^ http://www.documentservices.dla.mil/dexd/Locations.jsp?state=OK
  7. ^ "MROTC, Boeing Agreement Finalized; New Development Taking Flight » Commerce » Oklahoma Department of Commerce". Okcommerce.gov. 2006-01-12. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  8. ^ "Battelle News". Battelle.org. 2003-08-04. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  9. ^ "Eastern Oklahoma County MRO and Aerospace Partnership". Aeroeoc.com. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  10. ^ http://www.gisplanning.net/photos/okcity/MROTC%20Boeing%20Flyer.pdf
  11. ^ "Tinker Air Force Base - TAC". Tinker.af.mil. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  12. ^ William Crum (2014-06-26). "Oklahoma County approves Tinker Aerospace Complex bonds". Daily Oklahoman. Retrieved 2014-09-27. 
  13. ^ "15 USC § 3710a - Cooperative research and development agreements | LII / Legal Information Institute". .law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  14. ^ http://www2.law.cornell.edu/uscode/uscode10/usc_sec_10_00002474----000-.html
  15. ^ "10 USC § 2667 - Leases: non-excess property of military departments and Defense Agencies | LII / Legal Information Institute". Law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  16. ^ They were acting under authority of Air Force Instruction 36-3108, Memorialization Program and Ceremony
  17. ^ Taking a Look at the Names behind Tinker
  18. ^ AF Instruction 36-3108 does not address protocol for memorializing equipment, thus 72nd Air Base Wing Commander Col. Robert L. Smolen was acting "on the discretion of the commander"
  19. ^ POSTED: 11:29 pm CDT May 13, 2008 (2008-05-13). "Okla. County Voters Approve Plant Purchase - Oklahoma City News Story - KOCO Oklahoma City". Koco.com. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  20. ^ "Maybe Baby - Buddy Holly Lives! 2002". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  21. ^ "TACAMO - TAke Charge And Move Out". Tacamo.navy.mil. 1981-06-12. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  22. ^ http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/assessments/ok-ks/report7.pdf
  23. ^ Airmen Honor 30 years of AWACS

Other sources[edit]

External links[edit]