Tinkers Creek Aqueduct

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Tinkers Creek Aqueduct
Tctcaque.JPG
Tinkers Creek Aqueduct
Official name Tinkers Creek Aqueduct
Carries Ohio and Erie Canal
Crosses Tinkers Creek (Cuyahoga River)
Locale Canal Road and
Tinkers Creek Road,
Valley View,
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Maintained by National Park Service, Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Designer [1]
Material wood deck and sides,
steel trusses over
Ashlar-sandstone piers
Total length Overall (including approaches): 90 feet (27 m)[2]
Each span: about 40 feet (12 m)[1]
Width Interior: 22 feet (6.7 m)[3]
Number of spans 2
Piers in water 1
Load limit 16,500 pounds (7,500 kg) per running 1 foot (0.30 m)[3]
Vertical clearance Unlimited[4]
Clearance below 0 feet (0 m)
Construction begin 1826
Construction end 1827
Re-built: 1845 and 1905[5][dead link]
Opened 1827 until
1913 flood
subsequent disuse
2007-? reconstruction project
Coordinates

41°21′53.5″N 81°36′31.7″W / 41.364861°N 81.608806°W / 41.364861; -81.608806Coordinates: 41°21′53.5″N 81°36′31.7″W / 41.364861°N 81.608806°W / 41.364861; -81.608806
Elevation: 610 feet (190 m)[6]

Tinkers Creek Aqueduct
Tinkers Creek Aqueduct [8][9]
Location Valley View,
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Area less than one acre
Built 1825-1827;
rebuilt 1845 and 1905
Governing body National Park Service, Cuyahoga Valley National Park
Part of Ohio and Erie Canal (#66000607)
MPS Ohio and Erie Canal TR
NRHP Reference # 79000296[7]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP December 11, 1979
Designated NHLDCP November 13, 1966[10]

Tinkers Creek Aqueduct is an aqueduct that was constructed to bridge the Ohio and Erie Canal over Tinkers Creek near its confluence with the Cuyahoga River in Valley View, Ohio. It is a relatively rare surviving example of an Ohio and Erie Canal aqueduct. It was originally constructed in 1825-1827 by, and re-built due to flood damage in 1845 and 1905.[11] Tinkers Creek Aqueduct was included in a National Historic Landmark district established in 1966, and it was separately listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[12][13] The original Tinkers Creek Aqueduct was a wood plank, steel truss, and Ashlar-sandstone structure constructed in 1827, south of the present aqueduct's location. Cuyahoga River and Tinkers Creek flooding caused continual damage to the original aqueduct, so successive structures were built in 1845 and 1905 in the present location. Today, Tinkers Creek Aqueduct is the only aqueduct which remains of the four original aqueducts in the Cuyahoga Valley.[5] Of Furnace Run Aqueduct, Mill Creek Aqueduct, Peninsula Aqueduct, and (? Yellow Creek ?) Aqueduct; Mill Creek Aqueduct, of modern construction, is the only aqueduct which still carries Ohio and Erie Canal water. After 102 years of flooding, weathering, and deterioration, Tinkers Creek Aqueduct was removed in 2007. The National Park Service is currently working on Phase II of the project to reconstruct it from modern materials.[10]

Statistics[edit]

Condition[edit]

The Tinkers Creek Aqueduct is a contributing structure on the NHL portion of the canal and continues to deteriorate rapidly. Due to the advanced state of decay, the aqueduct structure and the associated towpath Trial bridge will be removed and eventually replace with a modern aqueduct and bridge. Phase 1 of the project will involve removal of the existing aqueduct and Towpath Bridge, installation of a new Towpath Bridge, installation of temporary steel pipes to carry the canal water over the creek, restoration of portions of the sandstone abutment walls, and installation of a temporary high-water overflow structure. A later phase will include replacement of the aqueduct structure with a new design and restoration of the existing sandstone center pier and remaining abutment walls. Phase 1 is to begin in FY 2007. The increased numbers of flood events in recent years has caused significant damage to the river and stream banks which potentially threatens the canal basin. Ongoing monitoring and stabilization of river and stream banks will continue as needed.[14]

Flooding[edit]

The aqueduct and surrounding area are subject to flooding by the Cuyahoga River and Tinkers Creek.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 1905 re-build engineers: C.E. Perkins, Columbus; T.D.P., Akron"Improvement of the Northern Division of the Ohio Canal (1905)". Cleveland Memory, Cleveland State University Libraries. 
  2. ^ "Towpath Trail bridge finished". Ohio.Com of Akron Beacon Journal. 
  3. ^ a b "Tinkers Creek Aqueduct drawing" (JPG). Cleveland Memory, Cleveland State University Libraries. 
  4. ^ Tinkers Creek Aqueduct on the Ohio and Erie Canal has no overhead structural members, so has unlimited overhead clearance; elsewhere along the Ohio and Erie Canal, other overhead bridges, overhead power lines and trees limit vertical clearance.
  5. ^ a b "Ohio & Erie Canal Towpath Trail Tour, Tinkers Creek Aqueduct". National Park Service, Cuyahoga Valley National Park. 
  6. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tinkers Creek Aqueduct
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  8. ^ "Historic Photograph of Tinkers Creek Aqueduct" (JPEG). National Park Service, Cuyahoga Valley National Park. 
  9. ^ "Cuyahoga Valley National Park figures". National Park Service, Cuyahoga Valley National Park. 
  10. ^ a b "Ohio and Erie Canal TR Tinkers Creek Aqueduct". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service, National Historic Landmarks Program. 
  11. ^ "Tinkers Creek Aqueduct blueprints and photos". U.S. Library of Congress. 
  12. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". National Park Service, Cuyahoga Valley National Park. 
  13. ^ Mendinghall, Joseph S. (February 28, 1975). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Ohio and Erie Canal PDF (32 KB). National Park Service. 
  14. ^ a b "National Historic Landmark, Ohio and Erie Canal, Tinkers Creek Aqueduct". National Park Service. 
  15. ^ "Flood Damage Images - Canal Damage". National Park Service. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Park Service.