Tinnsjå

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Tinnsjå
Tinnsjo - Norway.jpg
Location Telemark
Coordinates 59°54′N 8°55′E / 59.900°N 8.917°E / 59.900; 8.917Coordinates: 59°54′N 8°55′E / 59.900°N 8.917°E / 59.900; 8.917
Primary inflows Måna
Primary outflows Tinnelva
Basin countries Norway
Surface area 51.43 km²[1]
Average depth 190 m[1]
Max. depth 460 m[1]
Water volume 9.71 km³[1]
Surface elevation 190 m[1]
References [1]

Tinnsjå (Tinnsjø, Tinnsjøen, Lake Tinn) is one of the largest lakes in Norway, and one of the deepest in Europe. It is located between the municipalities of Tinn and Notodden in Telemark county. At its source in the west, the Måna river flows out of Møsvatn and past Rjukan into Tinnsjå. From the north, the river Mår flows from the Mår, Gøystavatn, and Kalhovdfjorden lakes into Tinnsjå. Tinnsjå is part of the Skiensvassdrag, and drains via the Tinnelva river in the south, down to Heddalsvatn.

In 1944, during the German occupation of Norway, the ferry SF Hydro was sunk in Tinnsjå by the Norwegian resistance. The Germans were using the ferry to transport a large quantity of heavy water to Germany, where it was to be used for nuclear weapon research. The heavy water had been produced at Vemork, a factory located in Rjukan. The wreck of the ferry was discovered in 1993.[2] In 2004, it was investigated and filmed for an episode of NOVA; heavy water samples were recovered and deuterium isotopic enrichment was confirmed.

In April 2005, a previously unknown species of fish was discovered in Tinnsjå. A film crew shooting footage for a new documentary on the heavy water sabotage became aware of an unusual fish, swimming near the lake bottom at a depth of 430 m. The light-colored, translucent fish was about 15 cm long and seemed to lack a swimming bladder.

Tinnsjå's primary sources are the rivers Måna and Mår.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Seppälä, Matti (2005). The Physical Geography of Fennoscandia. Oxford University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-19-924590-8. 
  2. ^ Payton, Gary and Lepperød, Trond (1995). Rjukanbanen; på sporet av et industrieventyr (in Norwegian). Rjukan: Mana Forlag. ISBN 82-993549-1-9.