Tinsukia district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Tinsukia.
Tinsukia district
তিনিচুকীয়া জিলা
District of Assam
Location of Tinsukia district in Assam
Location of Tinsukia district in Assam
Country India
State Assam
Headquarters Tinsukia
Tehsils 1. Tinsukia, 2. Sadiya, 3. Margherita, 4. Doomdooma
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1.Dibrugarh (shared with Dibrugarh district), 2.Lakhimpur (shared with Lakhimpur and Dhemaji districts)
 • Assembly seats 1. Tinsukia, 2. Digboi, 3. Doomdooma, 4. Margherita, 5. Sadiya
Area
 • Total 3,790 km2 (1,460 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,316,948
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 70.92%
 • Sex ratio 948 female per 1000 male
Major highways NH 37, NH 38, NH 153
Website Official website

Tinsukia district (Pron:ˌtɪnˈsʊkiə) (Assamese: তিনিচুকীয়া জিলা) is one of the 27 administrative districts in the state of Assam, India. The district headquarters are located at Tinsukia. Tinsukia district occupies an area of 3,790 square kilometres (1,460 sq mi),[1] comparatively equivalent to South Georgia.[2]

Towns[edit]

History[edit]

The ancient name of Tinsukia was Bengmara. It was the capital of the Muttack Kingdom. Sarbananada Singha established his capital at Rangagarah situated in the bank of river Guijan. In 1791 AD, he transferred his capital to the city of Bengmara. Bengmara was built by King Sarbananda Singha with the help of his Minister, Gopinath Barbaruah (alias Godha). The city was built in the middle of the present city of Tinsukia. It was declared the 23rd district of Assam on 1 October 1989 when it was split from Dibrugarh.[3]

Several tanks were dug in the days of Sarbananda Singha viz. Chauldhuwa Pukhuri, Kadamoni pukhuri, Da Dharua Pukhuri, Mahdhuwa Pukhuri, Bator Pukhuri, Logoni Pukhuri, Na-Pukhuri, Devi Pukhuri, Kumbhi Pukhuri, Rupahi Pukhuri etc.

Apart from the these ponds there are many ancient roads constructed in different parts of the Muttack territory. Godha-Borbaruah road, Rangagarah road, Rajgor road and Hatiali road were main roads within the territory.

In 1823, the British first discovered tea plants in Sadiya and the first tea plantation was started in Chabua near Tinsukia. (The name Chabua comes from "Chah-Buwa"/tea plantation).

In 1882, the Dibru-Sadiya Railway was opened to traffic by the Assam Railway & Trading Company, centred on Tinsukia, and a turning point in the economic development of north-east India.

Economy[edit]

Tinsukia is an industrial district of Assam. The Oldest oil refinery in India is situated at Digboi and places like Margherita and Ledo are famous for open cast coal mining.

Tinsukia is one of the premier commercial centres in Assam. It is an industrial district, yet it produces a sizeable amount of tea, oranges, ginger, other citrus fruits and paddy (rice). The district also has a cosmetic plant of Hindustan Unilever (HUL).

Transport[edit]

Tinsukia is well connected by air, national highway and railway. It is only 532 km by road from Dispur, the State Capital of Assam. The nearest airport is Dibrugarh Airport at Dibrugarh which is about 40 km from Tinsukia with daily connection from Delhi/Guwahati and Kolkata.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Tinsukia district has a population of 1,316,948,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[5] or the US state of New Hampshire.[6] This gives it a ranking of 371st in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 347 inhabitants per square kilometre (900 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.51%.[4] Tinsukia has a sex ratio of 948 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 70.92%.[4]

Hindus 1,029,142, Christians 62,403, Muslims 40,000 (3.47%). The major communities of the district are Ahoms, Tea tribes, Moran, Muttock, Singpho etc. Besides there are lots of migrant communities like Nepali, Bihari and Bengali. There are also few small tribes like Tai Phake, Khamyang, Nocte etc.

Culture[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Tilinga Mondir at Tinisukia

Dibru Saikhowa National Park is famous for birds ([see video in YouTube [1]) and is one of the bio-diversity-hot-spots with over 350 species of avifauna providing unique habitat for globally threatened species. A safe for extremely rare white winged wood duck and many migratory birds. Its Wild-Horses, called Feral Horses, are precisely sufficient to make the visitor wild.

Dihing Patkai wildlife sanctuary is one of the last remaining lowland tropical wet evergreen forests of Assam. It spreads over an area of 300 km2. in the southern and eastern parts of the district. It is home to various types of wildlife like the hoolock gibbon, pig-tailed macaque, slow loris, tiger, elephant, clouded leopard, hornbills etc.

An ayurvedic spa has been opened recently which offers traditional ayurvedic KERALA massage by a trained therapist. The Nature Cure Centre at Barooah Lodge, behind Barooah market also provides Jacuzzi baths (hydrotherapy), acupressure treatment and physiotherapy as well. The massage given here has therapeutic values and has the power to rejuvenate the body.

Digboi boasts of two modern wonders of the world – a hundred-year-old oil field still producing and the world’s oldest operating oil refinery. Tucked amid blue hills and undulating plains carpeted with emerald green tea plantations, Digboi still retains its colonial ambience. It’s simply breathtaking to have a bird’s eye view of Digboi from the famous Ridge Hill point. On clear days, one can also see the snow- covered mountains of the eastern Himalayas.

National Oil Park: Digboi also has an oil museum and a wildlife sanctuary of unsurpassed beauty. Going down the hill, visitors will come across oil derricks of various types and other devices still declaring the glory and marvel of the now outdated innovations of the last forties. If one comes down from the hill on the other side, one will have the greatest sight of his lifetime. One may also bump across a herd of elephants or a Royal Bengal Tiger, besides some rare species of birds.

War Cemetery: the most dramatic event in Digboi’s history took place during the World War II, when the belligerent Japanese came close to within three days marching distance of Digboi. These images come back as one kneels at the headstones at the Digboi War Cemetery.

Margherita: the centre of tea gardens, plywood factories and coal mines, with many picnic spots dotting the sandy banks of the River Dihing. Cool, misty and away from the mainland, breathing in the aroma of fresh tea leaves is an experience, both rare and heartwarming. The tea gardens here are perhaps the best in the world.

Sports: the 18-hole golf course developed by the Scottish pioneers in their immutable style. In fact, Digboi can almost be called a Golfing Resort with as many as eight golf courses within close proximity, each with its own individual character and challenges.

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1999 Tinsukia district became home to Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, which has an area of 340 km2 (131.3 sq mi).[7] It shares the park with Dibrugarh district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  2. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "South Georgia 3,718km2" 
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Mauritius 1,303,717 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Hampshire 1,316,470" 
  7. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 27°29′22.07″N 95°21′36.52″E / 27.4894639°N 95.3601444°E / 27.4894639; 95.3601444