Map of the Wabash River watershed with the Tippecanoe River highlighted.
|Origin||Big Lake in Noble County, IN|
|Mouth||Wabash River near Battle Ground, IN|
|Length||182 miles (293 km)|
|Avg. discharge||5,110 cu ft/s (145 m3/s)|
|Basin area||1,875 sq mi (4,860 km2)|
The Tippecanoe River (// TIP-ee-kə-NOO) is a gentle, 182-mile-long (293 km) river in northern Indiana that flows from Big Lake in Noble County to the Wabash River near Battle Ground, about 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Lafayette. The name "Tippecanoe" comes from a Miami-Illinois word for buffalo fish, reconstructed as */kiteepihkwana/.
The Tippecanoe River is fed by 88 natural lakes and has a drainage area of 1,250,000 acres (5,060 km2), spanning 14 counties. Very few streams in the upper Midwest can match the number of imperiled species or the overall species diversity that the Tippecanoe River supports. A large number of creeks flow into it, including Redinger Ditch and Mill Creek.
From Tippecanoe Lake in Kosciusko County, the river flows south and west through the southeast corner of Marshall County, then bends northwest through the northern part of Fulton County and through Pulaski County, from the northeast corner to the south central portion, traversing Tippecanoe River State Park along the way. It then enters White County, where dams form Lake Freeman and Lake Shafer. The river exits Lake Freeman from the south and flows through the west part of Carroll County into Tippecanoe County, where it joins the Wabash River.
In addition to Tippecanoe County, five townships that the river flows through are named Tippecanoe:
- Tippecanoe Township, Carroll County, Indiana
- Tippecanoe Township, Kosciusko County, Indiana
- Tippecanoe Township, Marshall County, Indiana
- Tippecanoe Township, Pulaski County, Indiana
- Tippecanoe Township, Tippecanoe County, Indiana
- The Nature Conservancy Tippecanoe River Project
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tippecanoe River