Tippi Hedren

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Tippi Hedren
Tippi Hedren.jpg
Tippi Hedren in 1965
Born Nathalie Kay Hedren
(1930-01-19) January 19, 1930 (age 84)
New Ulm, Minnesota, U.S.
Occupation Actress, animal rights activist
Years active 1950; 1963–present
Spouse(s) Peter Griffith (1952–1961)
Noel Marshall (1964–1982)
Luis Barrenechea (1985–1995)
Partner(s) Martin Dinnes (2002–2008)
Children Melanie Griffith

Tippi Hedren (born Nathalie Kay Hedren, January 19, 1930) is an American actress, former fashion model and an animal rights activist. She made her film debut in The Birds followed by the title role Marnie. She has been involved with animal rescue at Shambala Preserve, an 80-acre (320,000 m2) wildlife habitat which she founded in 1983. Hedren was also instrumental in the development of Vietnamese-American nail salons in the United States.[1]

Early life[edit]

For much of her career, Hedren's year of birth was listed as 1935,[2][3][4][5][6] although in 2004, she acknowledged that she was actually born in 1930. Hedren was born in New Ulm, Minnesota, the daughter of Bernard Carl and Dorothea Henrietta (née Eckhardt) Hedren.[4] Her paternal grandparents were immmigrants from Sweden, while her maternal ancestry is German and Norwegian.[7] Her father ran a small general store in the small town of Lafayette, Minnesota, and gave her the nickname "Tippi".

When she was four, she moved with her parents to Minneapolis.

As a teenager, Hedren took part in department store fashion shows. Her parents relocated to California while she was a high school student. On reaching her 20th birthday, she bought a ticket to New York City and began a professional modeling career. Within the year she made her unofficial film debut as an uncredited extra in the musical comedy The Petty Girl; in interviews she refers to The Birds as her first film.[8]

Career[edit]

Collaboration with Alfred Hitchcock[edit]

Discovery[edit]

Hedren had a successful modeling career in the 1950s and early 1960s, once appearing on the cover of Life magazine.[9]

On Friday the 13th of October 1961, Hedren received a call from an agent who told her a producer was interested in working with her. When she was told it was Alfred Hitchcock who, while he was watching The Today Show, saw her in a commercial for a diet drink called Sego, she agreed to sign a seven-year contract. During their first meeting, the two talked about everything except the role he was considering her for. Hedren was convinced for several weeks it was for his television series, Alfred Hitchcock Presents.[10][11]

Hitchcock put Hedren through a $25,000 screen test, doing scenes from his previous films, such as Rebecca, Notorious and To Catch a Thief with actor Martin Balsam. According to Balsam, Hedren was very nervous but studied every line and move she was asked and tried to do everything right.[12] Hitchcock asked costume designer Edith Head to design clothes for Hedren's private life and he personally advised her about wine and food.[12] He also insisted for publicity purposes that her name should be printed only in single quotes, 'Tippi'.[12] The press mostly ignored this directive from the director, who felt that the single quotes added distinction and mystery to her name.

Hitchcock was impressed with Hedren as production designer Robert F. Boyle explained. "Hitch always liked women who behaved like well-bred ladies. Tippi generated that quality."[13] Because he was happy with her screen test, Hitchcock invited Hedren to a dinner where he offered her a golden pin of three birds in flight and asked her to play the leading role in his film, The Birds.[13][14]

The Birds[edit]

The Birds (1963) was Hedren's screen debut. Hitchcock became her drama coach and gave her an education in film-making as she attended many of the production meetings like script, music or photography conferences.[15] Hedren said, "I probably learned in three years what it would have taken me 15 years to learn otherwise."[16] She learned how to break down a script, to become another character and to study the relationship of different characters.[17] Hedren portrayed her role of Melanie Daniels as Hitchcock requested. "He gives his actors very little leeway. He'll listen, but he has a very definite plan in mind as to how he wants his characters to act. With me, it was understandable, because I was not an actress of stature. I welcomed his guidance."[18]

Hedren in a trailer for The Birds

During the six months of principal photography, Hedren's schedule was tight as she was given one afternoon off a week.[16] She found the shooting to be at first "wonderful".[19] Hitchcock told a reporter, after a few weeks of filming, she was remarkable and said, "She's already reaching the lows and highs of terror."[20] Nonetheless, Hedren recalled the week she did the final attack scene in a second-floor bedroom as the worst of her life.[15] Before filming it, she asked Hitchcock about her character's motivations to go upstairs and his response was, "Because I tell you to." She was then assured that the crew would use mechanical birds.[21] Instead, Hedren endured five solid days of prop men, protected by thick leather gloves, flinging dozens of live gulls, ravens and crows at her (their beaks clamped shut with elastic bands). In a state of exhaustion, when one of the birds gouged her cheek and narrowly missed her eye, Hedren sat down on the set and began crying.[22][23] A physician ordered a week's rest. Hitchcock protested, according to Hedren, saying there was nobody but her to film. Her doctor's reply was, "Are you trying to kill her?"[21] However, she admitted the week appeared to be an ordeal for the director.[24]

While promoting The Birds, Hitchcock was full of praise for his new protégé and compared her to Grace Kelly. "Tippi has a faster tempo, city glibness, more humor [than Grace Kelly]. She displayed jaunty assuredness, pertness, an attractive throw of the head. And she memorized and read lines extraordinarily well and is sharper in expression."[20] For her performance, Hedren received the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year, tied with Elke Sommer and Ursula Andress.

Marnie[edit]

Hedren in Marnie

Hitchcock was impressed with Hedren's performance in The Birds and decided to offer her the leading title role of his next film, Marnie (1964), a romantic drama and psychological thriller from the novel by Winston Graham.[25][26] Hedren was stunned and later said, "I thought Marnie was an extremely interesting role to play and a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity".[25] She voiced doubts about her ability to play that demanding role but was assured by Hitchcock she could do it.[27] Contrary to The Birds where she had received little acting guidance, Hedren studied every scene with the director.[28]

Hedren recalled Marnie as her favorite of the two films she did with Hitchcock for the challenge of playing an emotionally battered young woman who travels from city to city assuming various guises in order to rob her employers.[29] During the filming, Hitchcock was quoted as saying about Hedren, "an Academy Award performance is in the making".[30] On release, the film was greeted by mixed reviews and indifferent box-office returns, and received no Oscar nominations.

Troubled relations with Hitchcock[edit]

Hedren's relationship with Hitchcock caused much controversy. In 1973, she admitted that a major life-style difference caused a split in their relationship. "He was too possessive and too demanding. I cannot be possessed by anyone. But, then, that's my own hangup."[31]

Hedren in a trailer for Marnie

In 1983, author Donald Spoto published his second book about Hitchcock, The Dark Side of a Genius, in which Hedren agreed to talk about her relationship with the director in detail for the first time.[21] Hedren explained the shooting of the attack scene in The Birds and recalled that, during the filming of Marnie, Hitchcock made "an overt sexual proposition that she could neither ignore nor answer casually, as she could his previous gestures."[32] The book was controversial as several of Hitchcock's friends claimed the Hitchcock portrayed in the book was not the man they knew.[33] For years after its release, Hedren was not keen to talk about it in interviews but thought the chapter devoted to her story was "accurate as to just what he was."[34]

Hedren explained her silence before telling her story, “It was embarrassing and insulting—there were a lot of reasons why I didn’t want to tell the story. I didn’t want it to be taken advantage of, twisted, turned and made into an even uglier situation than it was.”[21]

Hedren and Sean Connery in Marnie

In Spoto's third book about Hitchcock, Spellbound by Beauty (2008), she said that it was during production of The Birds that she began to feel uncomfortable over him as she remembered he was watching her all the time.[35] Hitchcock tried to control everything from what she wore to what she ate and drank. She said she was being followed outside the set and reports were made and sent to Hitchcock about her comings and goings.[35] He told the cast and crew they were not allowed to talk to her. Hedren claimed he tried, on one occasion, to kiss her in the back of a car when they were alone.[20][36] Hedren said she told his assistant, Peggy Robertson, and the studio chief, Lew Wasserman, she was becoming very unhappy about the whole situation. "But he was Alfred Hitchcock, the great and famous director, and I was Tippi Hedren, an inexperienced actress who had no clout."[35] She decided she could not quit her contract because she was afraid to be blacklisted and unable to find work.[37] Hedren's own daughter, Melanie Griffith, remembered that while Hedren was doing The Birds, she thought Hitchcock was taking her mother away from her. "Suddenly, I wasn't allowed even to visit my mom at the studio."[35]

Hedren and Sean Connery in Marnie

During Marnie, Hedren found Hitchcock's behavior toward her more difficult to bear as filming progressed. "Everyone - I mean everyone - knew he was obsessed with me. He always wanted a glass of wine or champagne, with me alone, at the end of the day. (...) he was really isolating me from everyone."[38] She said Hitchcock had no consideration for her feelings and remembered she was humiliated after he asked her to touch him, just before shooting a scene. "He made sure no one else could hear, and his tone and glance made it clear exactly what he meant."

Hedren asked Hitchcock’s permission one day to travel to New York to appear on The Tonight Show where she was supposed to be presented an award as the Most Promising New Star. Hitchcock refused because, according to his biographer, he thought a break would harm her performance.[39] Hedren said it was during that meeting Hitchcock made offensive demands on her. "He stared at me and simply said, as if it was the most natural thing in the world, that from this time on, he expected me to make myself sexually available and accessible to him – however and whenever and wherever he wanted."[40] She told him she wanted to get out of her contract because, "He made these demands on me, and no way could I acquiesce to them," and recalls Hitchcock telling her he'd ruin her career. "And he did: kept me under contract, kept paying me every week for almost two years to do nothing."[41] Hedren was furious and apparently called the director a fat pig in front of people on the set.[39] Hitchcock made only a comment about it to his biographer, John Russell Taylor, "She did what no one is permitted to do. She referred to my weight." The two communicated only through a third party for the rest of the film.[42]

As her contract allowed Hitchcock to approve or not any offers she received, Hedren said that he turned down several film roles on her behalf and was particularly disappointed when French director François Truffaut told her he had wanted her for a film.[40] Although Hedren never mentioned the title, it was reported the film was Fahrenheit 451 (1966), starring Julie Christie in the role Hedren was considered for. Truffaut's daughter Laura disputed this saying her father was not secretive about the actors he considered and never mentioned Hedren for that film, "It is extremely unlikely in my view, that my father seriously entertained this project without sharing it with my mother or mentioning it to us in later years."[43]

In 1966, Hitchcock finally sold her contract to Universal Studios after Hedren appeared in two of their TV shows, Kraft Suspense Theatre (1965) and Run for Your Life (id.).[44] She was released from her contract after she refused to work on a TV Western for them. [45]

Controversy[edit]

Hedren's account contrasted with the many interviews she gave about her time with Hitchcock, her warm tribute she paid to him when he was honoured with the AFI Life Achievement Award by the American Film Institute in 1979, and her presence at his funeral.[17][46] When asked about it, Hedren answered, "He ruined my career, but he didn’t ruin my life. That time of my life was over. I still admire the man for who he was."[47]

The BBC/HBO film The Girl (2012), featuring Sienna Miller as Hedren and Toby Jones as Hitchcock, was based on Spoto's book Spellbound by Beauty. The film was controversial as others who knew and worked with Hitchcock responded to it negatively.[48] Other actresses have spoken about the close attention Hitchcock paid to details of the leading ladies' characters and appearances in his films, but said that no harassment was involved. Kim Novak, who worked on Hitchcock's Vertigo (1958), disputed Hitchcock's portrayal as a sexual predator in The Girl, "I never saw him make a pass at anybody or act strange to anybody. And wouldn't you think if he was that way, I would've seen it or at least seen him with somebody? I think it's unfortunate when someone's no longer around and can't defend themselves."[49] Novak previously described Hitchcock as a gentleman and, when asked about reports of his behaviour, she said, "Maybe I just wasn't his type."[50] Eva Marie Saint stated that Hitchcock was very protective of her during the filming of North by Northwest (1959) and that all his leading ladies had a different take on him adding, "I mean, look at how he tried to overpower Tippi Hedren – not only in her career, but in her life. He never did that with me."[51] She said her relation with Hitchcock was “a different scenario," than Hedren's, "I was married and he really liked my husband.”[52]

Upon its release, Hedren said although she believed the film accurately portrays Hitchcock's negative behaviour towards her, the time constraints of a 90-minute film prevented telling the entire story of her career with him. "It wasn't a constant barrage of harassment. If it had been constantly the way we have had to do it in this film, I would have been long gone". She recalled there were times she described as "absolutely delightful and wonderful,” and insisted that “Hitchcock had a charm about him. He was very funny at times. He was incredibly brilliant in his field."[53]

James H. Brown, the first assistant director on The Birds and Marnie, who was interviewed several years before The Girl, said Hedren and Hitchcock had differences on Marnie,[54] recognized it was possible the director lost control and interest on the set of the film, but added, "I thought some of the things expressed about Hitchcock were highly over exaggerated. I think Hitchcock became a little upset with Tippi because she wasn't fulfilling the star qualities that he thought she had or was looking for."[55]

Rod Taylor, her co-star in The Birds, remembered, "Hitch was becoming very domineering and covetous of 'Tippi,' and it was very difficult for her. (...) No one was permitted to come physically close to her during the production. 'Don't touch the girl after I call "Cut!" he said to me repeatedly."[20]

Diane Baker, Hedren's co-star in Marnie, said that her memories of the film were so painful she tried to forget the experience and turned down participation in any Hitchcock tributes.[56] She added, "I never saw Tippi enjoying herself with the rest of us. (...) None of us ever saw her having a warm, friendly relationship with him. (...) Nothing could have been more horrible for me than to arrive on that movie set and to see her being treated the way she was."[57] Baker knew everything she said was reported to Hitchcock and she made sure he learned how unhappy she was about his attitude toward Hedren. Baker was happy not to be under contract to him, the way Hedren was, because she could get away.[58]

Jay Presson Allen, Marnie's screenwriter, admitted Hitchcock was "mad" for Hedren.[59] She added that she was unhappy for both and described the situation as "an old man's cri de coeur".[60]

Virginia Darcy, Hedren's hairdresser, declined an invitation from Hedren to see The Girl, but she admitted she told Hitchcock he should not be possessive with Hedren. "Tippi felt rightly that she was not his property, but he'd say, 'You are, I have a contract.'"[61][62]

Bulk of career[edit]

Hedren has appeared in over eighty films and TV shows. Hedren's first feature film appearance after Marnie was in A Countess from Hong Kong (1967), starring Marlon Brando and Sophia Loren. She was told by writer/director Charlie Chaplin that she was offered a major supporting role as Brando's estranged wife and had to accept the film without reading the script.[63] However, when she finally received it, she realized that her part was little more than a cameo, and asked Chaplin to expand the role. Although Chaplin tried to accommodate her, he could not, as the story mostly takes place on a ship, which Hedren's character boards near the end of the film.[64] Hedren later said that it was both very amusing and strange working for him.[65]

In 1968, Hedren returned to film with the leading role of Rita Armstrong, a socialite who helps her boyfriend (played by George Armstrong) to catch a killer, in Tiger by the Tail. In the same year, she guest-starred on The Courtship of Eddie's Father as Bill Bixby's girlfriend. She then agreed to take part in two films, Satan's Harvest (1970), opposite George Montgomery, and Mister Kingstreet's War (1973), shot back-to-back, for the only reason they were made in Africa.[29]

In 1973, Hedren was in The Harrad Experiment with James Whitmore and Don Johnson. She confessed at the time she was occasionally depressed over the fact she wasn't doing any major films.[66]

Hedren starred alongside her then-husband, the agent and occasional producer Noel Marshall in the 1981 film Roar (directed by Marshall), about a family's misadventures in a research park filled with lions, tigers, and other wild cats. The film cost $17 million to make but grossed only $2 million worldwide.[67] In 1982, she co-starred with Leslie Nielsen in Foxfire Light.

In the 1980s, Hedren appeared in several primetime television series including Hart to Hart in 1983 and Tales from the Darkside in 1984. In the 1985 pilot episode of The New Alfred Hitchcock Presents, she made a brief appearance as a waitress in a bar who berates a customer, played by her daughter Melanie Griffith. In 1990, Hedren had a role on the daytime soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful. That same year, she had a non-speaking, minor part as a wealthy widow romanced by Michael Keaton in the film Pacific Heights (1990), which starred her daughter Griffith.

In the early 1990s, Hedren appeared in many television movies such as Return to Green Acres (1990), Through the Eyes of a Killer (1992), and Treacherous Beauties (1994). In 1994, she appeared in the made-for-cable sequel The Birds II: Land's End, in a role different from the one she played in the original. Before its release, she admitted she was unhappy that she didn't get a starring role and, when asked about what could have been Hitchcock's opinion, she answered : "I'd hate to think what he would say!".[68][69] In a 2007 interview, Hedren said of the film, "It's absolutely horrible, it embarrasses me horribly."[70]

Hedren (far right) with Dee Wallace and Donna Mills in October 2010.

In 1996, Hedren played an abortion rights activist in Alexander Payne's political satire Citizen Ruth with Laura Dern. In 1998, she co-starred alongside Billy Zane, Christina Ricci, Eartha Kitt, Andrew McCarthy and Ron Perlman in I Woke Up Early the Day I Died, a film she particularly liked due to the fact that it had no dialogue in it.[63] After appearing in a number of little-exposed films between 1999 and 2003, Hedren had a small but showy role in the 2004 David O. Russell comedy I Heart Huckabees, as a foul-mouthed attractive older woman who slaps Jude Law in an elevator.

Hedren continued to guest-star on television series throughout the 1990s and 2000s, in series such as Chicago Hope (1998), The 4400 (2006) and CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (2008). She was a cast member of the short-lived primetime soap opera Fashion House in 2006 with Bo Derek and Morgan Fairchild. While filming an episode on June 22, 2006, a gallon of water fell from the ceiling and hit Hedren "at about 25 mph" leading to a return of crippling headaches she had suffered earlier in life.[71] Later in 2006 the actress retained lawyer Joseph Allen to file a personal injury claim against the owner of the sound stage; after a seven-year litigation, she was awarded $1.5 million in damages in December 2013.[71]

In 2009, Hedren appeared in the Lifetime movie Tribute, which starred actress Brittany Murphy in one of Murphy's last roles. She provided the voice for the character of Queen Hippolyta on the animated series Batman: The Brave and the Bold in 2011. In 2012, Hedren and her daughter Griffith guest-starred together on an episode of Raising Hope. She then acted in Jayne Mansfield's Car, directed by Billy Bob Thornton and starring Thornton, Robert Duvall and Kevin Bacon, but her scenes were left on the cutting room floor.[72] In the same year Hedren starred, alongside Jess Weixler and Jesse Eisenberg, Free Samples, directed by Jay Gammill. Hedren guest-starred in the fourth season finale of Cougar Town; her episode ("Have Love Will Travel") aired on the 9th April, 2013.

In 2013, exactly fifty years after The Birds, Hedren returned to Bodega to shoot a film called The Ghost and the Whale.

Influence[edit]

A Louis Vuitton ad campaign in 2006 paid tribute to Hedren and Hitchcock with a modern-day interpretation of the deserted railway station opening sequence of Marnie. Bridget Fonda, who played Hedren's daughter in the straight-to-cable film Break Up (1998), gushed to her that she had watched Marnie "a million times."

In interviews, Naomi Watts has stated that her character interpretation in Mulholland Drive (2001) was influenced by the look and performances of Hedren in Hitchcock films.[73] Watts and Hedren later acted in I Heart Huckabees (2004) but didn't share any scenes together onscreen. Off-screen, the film's director David O. Russell introduced them both, and Watts has said about Hedren, "I was pretty fascinated by her then because people have often said that we're alike."[74] Watts dressed up as Hedren's title character from Marnie for a photo shoot for March 2008 issue of Vanity Fair.[75] In the same issue, Jodie Foster dressed up as Hedren's character, Melanie Daniels from The Birds.[76]

Another issue of Vanity Fair referred to January Jones's character in Mad Men as "Tippi Hedren's soul sister from Marnie".[77] The New York Times television critic earlier had echoed the same sentiment in his review of Mad Men.[78] January Jones said that she "takes it a compliment of sorts" when compared to Grace Kelly and Hedren.[79] Actress Téa Leoni said that her character in the film Manure (2009) is made up to look like Hedren.[80]

Shambala Preserve[edit]

Shambala benefit stage production of The Birds in Hollywood, California. (L-R) Shambala supporter Don Norte, Veronica Cartwright, playwright David Cerda, Tippi Hedren and Shambala supporter Kevin Norte, 2006
Main article: Shambala Preserve

In 1981, Hedren produced Roar, an 11-year project that ended up costing $17 million and starring dozens of African lions. "This was probably one of the most dangerous films that Hollywood has ever seen", remarked the actress. "It's amazing no one was killed." During the production of Roar, Hedren, her husband at the time, Noel Marshall, and daughter Melanie were attacked by lions; Jan de Bont, the director of photography, was scalped. She later co-wrote the book Cats of Shambala (1985) about the experience.[citation needed] Roar made only $2 million worldwide. Hedren ended her marriage to Marshall a year later in 1982. The film directly led to the 1983 establishment of the non-profit Roar Foundation and Hedren's Shambala Preserve, located at the edge of the Mojave Desert in Acton, California between the Antelope Valley and the Santa Clarita Valley 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Los Angeles. Shambala currently houses some 70 animals, including African lions, Siberian and Bengal tigers, leopards, servals, mountain lions and bobcats. Hedren lives on the Shambala site and conducts monthly tours of the preserve for the public. Hedren took in and cared for Togar, a lion that belonged to Anton LaVey, after he was told by San Francisco officials that he couldn't keep a fully grown lion as a house pet. More recently, Shambala became the new home for Michael Jackson’s two Bengal tigers, Sabu and Thriller, after he decided to close his zoo at his Neverland Valley Ranch in Los Olivos, California. Thriller died in June 2012 of lung cancer. On December 3, 2007, Shambala Preserve made headlines when Chris Orr, a caretaker for the animals, was mauled by a tiger named Alexander.[81]

Several documentaries have focused on Shambala Preserve, including the 30-minute Lions: Kings of the Serengeti (1995), narrated by Melanie Griffith, and Animal Planet's Life with Big Cats (1998), which won the Genesis Award for best documentary in 1999. The animals at the preserve served as the initial inspiration for the life's work of artist A. E. London, who started her career working for Hedren.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

In 1952, Hedren met and married 18-year-old future advertising executive Peter Griffith. Their daughter, actress Melanie Griffith, was born on August 9, 1957. They were divorced in 1961. On September 22, 1964, Hedren married her then-agent Noel Marshall, who later produced three of her films; they divorced in 1982. In 1985, she married steel manufacturer Luis Barrenechea, but they divorced in 1995.[82] She was engaged to veterinarian Martin Dinnes from 2002[83][84] until their breakup in mid-2008.[85] In September 2008, Hedren told The Sunday Times "I’m waiting for someone to sweep me off my feet.”[85]

Hedren played a role in the development of Vietnamese-American nail salons in the United States.[86] In 1975, while an international relief coordinator with Food for the Hungry, she began visiting with refugees at Hope Village outside Sacramento, California.[1] When Hedren found that the women were interested in her manicured nails, she employed her manicurist to teach them the skills of the trade and worked with a local beauty school to help them find jobs.[86] Her work with the Vietnamese-Americans was the subject of "Happy Hands" directed by Honey Lauren, which won Best Documentary Short at the Sonoma International Film Festival in 2014.[87] Vietnamese-Americans now dominate the multi-billion dollar nail salon business in North America.[1] CND and Beauty Changes Lives Foundation (BCL) have announced the BCL CND Tippi Hedren Nail Scholarship Fund to support professional nail education and will be administered starting January 1, 2014.[88]

Hedren suffered from severe and persistent headaches for a long time and therefore was unable to accept several projects, including a television series produced by and starring Betty White. After she got a titanium plate put in her neck, she was able to improve and was not feeling as much pain she had endured for years. She then agreed, with the blessing of her doctor, to take the part of a dying woman in the soap opera Fashion House. While she was rehearsing a scene, a gallon of water fell from the ceiling onto her head. The headaches returned after the incident and persisted. Hedren filed a suit to receive recompense following her inability to work. Hedren's lawyer, Joseph Allen, made a mistake in his discussions with the defendants that allowed them to block him from filing suit. Hedren then sued Allen for malpractice. In 2013, The Hollywood Reporter reported that Hedren had been awarded a $1.5 million settlement, including $213,400 for past lost earnings and $440,308 for future lost earnings, against her former lawyer.[89] Hedren was hurt by the report as she had not collected the award. She gave an interview to explain that her former lawyer does not have the money to pay her. She also discussed how the report put her in a difficult situation as her Foundation is in dire need of funds. She explained she has to raise $75,000 every month to keep it going. "Chances are I won’t ever even see the money, and that what hurts so badly, that in all of this pain and suffering that publication ran with a swift and not researched story, which told people around the world who have been so gracious and thoughtful about sending donations, that I no longer needed them."[90]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Title Year Role Notes
The Petty Girl 1950 Ice Box Petty Girl Uncredited
The Birds 1963 Melanie Daniels
Marnie 1964 Marnie Edgar
A Countess from Hong Kong 1967 Martha
Tiger by the Tail 1970 Rita Armstrong
Satan's Harvest 1970 Marla Oaks
Mr. Kingstreet's War 1971 Maggie Kingstreet
The Harrad Experiment 1973 Margaret Tenhausen
Where the Wind Dies 1976 unknow
Roar 1981 Madeleine
Foxfire Light 1982 Elizabeth Morgan
Deadly Spygames 1989 Chasity
In the Cold of the Night 1990 Clara
Pacific Heights 1990 Florence Peters
Teresa's Tattoo 1994 Evelyn Hill
Inevitable Grace 1994 Dr. Marcia Stevens
Citizen Ruth 1996 Jessica Weiss
Mulligans! 1997 Dottie Short film
Exposé 1998 unknow
Break Up 1998 Mom
I Woke Up Early the Day I Died 1998 Maylinda Austed
The Storytellers 1999 Lillian Glosner
Ice Cream Sundae 2001 Lady Short film
Tea with Grandma 2001 Rae Short film
Julie and Jack 2003 Julie McNeal
Searching for Haizmann 2003 Dr. Michelle Labner
Dark Wolf 2003 Mary
Return to Babylon 2004 Mrs. Peabody
Rose's Garden 2003 Rose
Raising Genius 2004 Babe
Mind Rage 2004 Dr. Wilma Randolph
I Heart Huckabees 2004 Mary Jane Hutchinson
Diamond Zero 2005 Eleanor Kelly
Strike the Tent 2005 Mrs. Adams
Dead Write 2007 Minnie
The Boneyhard Collection 2008 Gloria Segment "Her Morbid Desires"
Jayne Mansfield's Car 2012 Naomi Caldwell
Free Samples 2012 Betty
The Ghost and the Whale 2014 Tippi

Television[edit]

Title Year Role Notes
Kraft Suspense Theatre 1965 Lee Anne Wickheimer Season 2, Episode 28: "The Trains of Silence"
Run for Your Life 1965 Jessica Braden Season 1, Episode 3: "Someone Who Makes Me Feel Beautiful"
The Courtship of Eddie's Father 1970/1971 Cissy Drummond-Randolph Season 1, Episode 24: "Free Is a Four Letter Word"
Season 2, Episode 4: "A Little Get Together for Cissy"
Docteur Caraïbes 1973 Sonia Season 1, Episode 4: "The Man and the Albatross"
The Bionic Woman 1976 Susan Victor Season 1, Episode 5: "Claws"
Hart to Hart 1983 Liza Atterton Season 4, Episode 11: "Hunted Harts"
Tales from the Darkside 1984 Ruth Anderson Season 1, Episode 5: "Mookie and Pookie"
The New Alfred Hitchcock Presents 1985 Waitress Season 1, Pilot: "Man from the South"
Hotel 1988 Barbara Lyman Season 5, Episode 12: "Double Take"
Baby Boom 1988 Laura Curtis Season 1, Episode 7: "Christmas '88"
Return to Green Acres 1990 Arleen Television film
The Bold and the Beautiful 1990 Helen Maclaine Season 1, Episode 896
Shadow of a Doubt 1991 Mrs. Matthewson Television film
In the Heat of the Night 1991 Annabelle Van Buren Season 5, Episode 4: "Liar's Poker"
Through the Eyes of a Killer 1992 Mrs. Bellano Television film
Perry Mason: The Case of the Skin-Deep Scandal 1993 Beverly Courtney Television film
Murder, She Wrote 1993 Catherine Noble Season 10, Episode 6: "Bloodlines"
The Birds II: Land's End 1994 Helen Television film
Treacherous Beauties 1994 Lettie Hollister Television film
Dream On 1994/1996 Di Season 5, Episode 12: "I Never Promised You Charoses, Martin"
Season 6, Episode 11: "She Won't Do It, But Her Sister Will"
Season 6, Episode 18: "Second Time Aground"
Season 6, Episode 21: "The Way We War"
Season 6, Episode 27: " Finale with a Vengeance"
The Guardian 1997 Wynn Television film
Adventures from the Book of Virtues 1997 Madame Sofroni/Molly Mouse (voice) Season 2, Episode 3: "Generosity"
Chicago Hope 1998 Alfreda Perkins Season 4, Episode 14: "Psychodrama"
The New Batman Adventures 1998 Donna Day (voice) Season 1, Episode 9: "Mean Seasons"
Invasion America 1998 Mrs. McAllister
Arliss 1998 Donna Day (voice) Season 3, Episode 9: "Stanley Babson - Win, Place or Show"
The Darklings 1999 Martha Jackson Television film
Replacing Dad 1999 Dixie Television film
Bull 2000 Caitlin Coyle Season 1, Episode 20: "A Beautiful Life"
Hollywood Off-Ramp 2000 Season 1, Episode 2: "Simple Simon"
Providence 2000 Constance Hemming Season 3, Episode 5: "The Unsinkable Sydney Hansen"
Season 3, Episode 6: "The Thanksgiving Story: Part 1"
Season 3, Episode 7: "The Thanksgiving Story: Part 2"
The Nightmare Room 2001 The Witch Season 1, Episode 5: "Fear Games"
111 Gramercy Park 2003 Mrs. Granville Television film
The 4400 2006 Lily Moore Tyler Season 3, Episode 1: "The New World"
Fashion House 2006 Doris Thompson Season1, Episode 1: "It Takes One to Know One"
Season 1, Episode 6: "The Best Laid Plans"
Season 1, Episode 16: "Multiple Offers"
Season 1, Episode 19: "Maternal Instincts"
Season 1, Episode 24: "All in the Family"
Season 1, Episode 30: "Coup de Grace"
Season 1, Episode 31: "Irreconcilable Differences"
Season 1, Episode 35: "Gaggle at the Gallery"
Season 1, Episode 44: "Women on Verge"
Season 1, Episode 46: "Opportunity Knocks, Rings the Doorbell and Beats Down Your Door!"
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation 2008 Karen Rosenthal Season 9, Episode 8: "Young Man with a Horn"
Tribute 2009 Mrs. Hennessey Television film
Batman: The Brave and the Bold 2011 Queen Hippolyta (voice) Season 3, Episode 8: "Triumvirate of Terror!"
Raising Hope 2012 Nana Season 3, Episode 1: "Not Indecent, But Not Quite Decent Enough Proposal"
Cougar Town 2013 Herself Season 4, Episode 15: "Have Love Will Travel"

Honors and awards[edit]

  • 1964: Most Promising Newcomer Award by Photoplay
  • 1964: Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year - Actress (shared with Ursula Andress and Elke Sommer)
  • 1994: Life Achievement Award in France at The Beauvais Film Festival Cinemalia
  • 1995: Life Achievement Award in Spain by the Fundacion Municipal De Cine
  • 1995: The Helen Woodward Animal Center's Annual Humane Award
  • 1996: Founder's Award from the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
  • 1997: Lion and Lamb Award from Wildhaven
  • 1999: Woman of Vision Award from Women of Film and Video in Washington, D.C.
  • 1999: Presidential Medal for her work in film from Hofstra University
  • 1999: Humanitarian Award at the Las Vegas International Film Festival[91]
  • 2000: Best Actress in a Comedy Short Award in the short film Mulligans! at the Method Fest, Independent Film Festival
  • 2002: Best Actress Award for the short film Tea with Grandma from the New York International Independent Film Festival
  • 2003: Received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
  • 2003: Women of Los Angeles Annual Hope is a Woman Honor[92]
  • 2004: PAWS Companion for Life Award[93]
  • 2004: Best Actress Award for the short film Rose's Garden from the Los Angeles TV Short Film Festival
  • 2004: Animal Rights Advocacy Award at Artivist Film Festival
  • 2005: Living Legacy Award[94]
  • 2006: Conservationist of the Year—Dino Award from the Las Vegas Natural History Museum[95]
  • 2007: Lifetime Achievement Award—Riverside Film Festival[96]
  • 2007: Jules Verne "Nature" Award — the 1st Annual Jules Verne Adventure Film Festival of Los Angeles[97]
  • 2008: Academy of Art University's 2nd Epidemic Film Festival Award[98]
  • 2008: Jules Verne Legendaire Award[99]
  • 2008: Thespian Award-La Femme Film Festival[100]
  • 2009: "When a Woman Wills She Will!" Award by the Woman's Club of Hollywood
  • 2009: Workhouse's first Lifetime Achievement in the Arts Award[101]
  • 2009: Received the First Star on the Orinda Theater Walk of Fame[102]
  • 2010: Received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 24th Annual Genesis Awards show from the Humane Society[103]
  • 2010: BraveHeart Award[104]
  • 2010: Who-Manitarian Award[105]
  • 2011: Lifetime Achievement Award] from the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce at its 90th Annual Installation & Awards Luncheon[106]
  • 2011: "The Women Together Award" from the United Nations[106]
  • 2011: Vietnamese-American Marton Saint Award] from the Boat People SOS Organization[106]
  • 2011: Omni Youth Humanitarian/Career Achievement Award[107]
  • 2012: Honorary Masters of Fine Arts Degree from New York Film Academy[108]
  • 2012: Mayor Career Achievement Award from Starz Denver Film Festival[109]
  • 2013: Legacy of Style Award [88]
  • 2013: "People Helping People" Award by the Touching Live TV Award Show[110]

References[edit]

  • McGilligan, Patrick. Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light, It Books, 2004 (Reprint), 864 p. ISBN 978-0060988272
  • Moral, Tony Lee. Hitchcock and the Making of Marnie, Scarecrow Pres, 2013 (Revised Edition), 340 p. ISBN 978-0810891074
  • Taylor, John Russell. Hitch: The Life and Times of Alfred Hitchcock, Bloomsbury Reader, 2013, 318 p. ASIN B00BWL8L0C
  • Spoto, Donald. Spellbound by Beauty, Three Rivers Press, 2009, 368 p. ISBN 0307351319
  • Paul, Louis. Tales from the Cult Film Trenches: Interviews with 36 Actors from Horror, Science Fiction and Exploitation Cinema, McFarland, 2007, 336 p. ISBN 0786429941

Notes[edit]

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  2. ^ "Tippi Hedren - Biography on Bio". Thebiographychannel.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  3. ^ Tippi Hedren - Biography MSN Retrieved October 20, 2012
  4. ^ a b Tippi Hedren Biography (1935-) filmreference.com Retrieved October 20, 2012
  5. ^ Tippi Hedren - About This Person New York Times Retrieved January 22, 2014
  6. ^ Tippi Hedren Movies blockbuster.com Retrieved January 22, 2014
  7. ^ Holt, Georgia; Phyllis Quinn; Sue Russell (1988). Star Mothers: The Moms Behind the Celebrities. Simon and Schuster. p. 287. ISBN 0-671-64510-2. 
  8. ^ Vroman, Lavender. Tippi Hedren airs out her early acting days, wildlife preservation, Antelope Valley Press, page A6, September 30, 2004
  9. ^ "LIFE Magazine May 21, 1956 @ Original LIFE Magazines.com, Unique Gift Idea, Vintage LIFE Magazine, Classic LIFE Magazine". Originallifemagazines.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  10. ^ Moral, p 16
  11. ^ McGilligan, p 614-5
  12. ^ a b c Spoto, p 170
  13. ^ a b McGilligan, p 615
  14. ^ Moral, p 17
  15. ^ a b Taylor, p 266
  16. ^ a b B. Counts, Kyle. "THE MAKING OF ALFRED HITCHCOCK'S THE BIRDS". HitchcockWiki.com. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  17. ^ a b Topel, Fred (6 August 2012). "Hitchcock ‘Was a Monster’: Tippi Hedren and HBO’s ‘The Girl’". Movieline. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  18. ^ McGilligan, p 621
  19. ^ "Tippi Hedren: Alfred Hitchcock tried to destroy my career". The Times (HitchcockWiki.com). 11 September 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d Spoto, p 172
  21. ^ a b c d V. Nepales, Ruben (11 August 2012). "Tippi Hedren reveals real horror of working with Hitchcock". Inquirer Entertainment. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  22. ^ McGilligan, p 627-8
  23. ^ Spoto, p 176-7
  24. ^ McGilligan, p 628
  25. ^ a b Moral, p 19
  26. ^ John Hunt (2012-03-26). "Official list of Winston Graham novels at". Cartog.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  27. ^ McGilligan, p 635
  28. ^ McGilligan, p 643
  29. ^ a b Leon Worden. "SCV NEWSMAKER OF THE WEEK: Tippi Hedren". Santa Clarita Valley Historical Society. Retrieved 2005-03-05. 
  30. ^ McGilligan, p 644
  31. ^ Christy, Marian (23 July 1973). "Hitchcock Too Possessive, Demanding". Beaver County Times. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  32. ^ Spoto, Donald: The Dark Side Of Genius: The Life Of Alfred Hitchcock. Da Capo Press, 1999. p. 475 ISBN 978-0306809323
  33. ^ McGilligan, p 747
  34. ^ Brady, James (13 March 1994). "In step with Tippi Hedren". The Item. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  35. ^ a b c d Spoto, p 173
  36. ^ Spoto, p 174-175
  37. ^ Spoto, p 174
  38. ^ Spoto, p 183
  39. ^ a b McGilligan, Patrick: Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light. It Books, 2004. p. 646 ISBN 978-0060988272
  40. ^ a b Spoto, p 187
  41. ^ Millard, Rosie (27 July 2012). "Hitchcock’s girl". FT Magazine (Pearson PLC). Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  42. ^ Russell Taylor, John: Hitch: The Life and Times Of Alfred Hitchcock. Da Capo Press, 1996. p. 272 ISBN 978-0306806773
  43. ^ Moral, p 264
  44. ^ Moral, p 265
  45. ^ Hicklin, Aaron (18 March 2013). "Ladies We Love: Tippi Hedren". Out.com. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  46. ^ "Hopkins’s hitch with Hedren". London Evening Standard (Daily Mail and General Trust). 8 January 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  47. ^ Goldman, Andrew (5 October 2012). "The Revenge of Alfred Hitchcock’s Muse". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  48. ^ Millward, David (26 December 2012). "BBC under fire over Hitchcock drama". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved May 13, 2013. 
  49. ^ Rushfield, Richard (8 October 2012). "Kim Novak tells all". The Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved May 13, 2013. 
  50. ^ Shales, Tom (14 October 1996). "Kim Novak: No Fear of Falling". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  51. ^ Flatley, Guy (1999). "SEXUAL HANKY-PANKY WITH HITCH? ‘OMIGOD, NO!’". moviecrazed.com. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  52. ^ Heilpern, John (March 2011). "All About Eva Marie". Vanity Fair. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  53. ^ Salem, Rob (19 October 2012). "Hitchcock and Hedren now an HBO movie". Toronto Star (Star Media Group). Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  54. ^ Moral, p 246
  55. ^ Moral, p 251
  56. ^ Spoto, p 190
  57. ^ Spoto, p 182
  58. ^ Spoto, p 186
  59. ^ Spoto, p 180
  60. ^ Chaudhuri, Anita (6 August 1999). "The blonde queen of King Alfred". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  61. ^ Moral, p 261
  62. ^ Moral, p 100
  63. ^ a b Paul, p 85
  64. ^ Epstein, Jerry. Remembering Charlie, Doubleday, 1989. ISBN 0385262825, p 257.
  65. ^ Chaudhuri, Anita (August 6, 1999). "The blonde queen of King Alfred". The Guardian (London). Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  66. ^ Christy, Marian (July 24, 1973). "Hitchcock Too Possessive, Demanding". Beaver County Times. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  67. ^ Dirks, Tim. "Greatest Box-Office Bombs, Disasters and Flops: The Most Notable Examples". filmsite.org. Retrieved December 1, 2008. 
  68. ^ Green, Ann (March 13, 1994). "Retro : A Flock of Terror, Part II". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 25, 2013. 
  69. ^ Smith, Liz (March 17, 1994). "'Nobody's Fool', the life of Danny Kaye". Newsday - Long Island (New York). 
  70. ^ Paul, p 84
  71. ^ a b Allen, Nick (December 17, 2013). "Tippi Hedren receives $1.5 million damages after a gallon of water fell on her while filming". Daily Telegraph (Los Angeles). Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
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  74. ^ "Naomi Watts on Funny Games and The Birds". Movies.about.com. 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  75. ^ "The Hitchcock Hollywood Portfolio". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  76. ^ "Hitchcock Classics: Entertainment & Culture". Vanityfair.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  77. ^ Wolcott, James (2012-03-21). "January Jones". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  78. ^ Stanley, Alessandra (July 25, 2008). "Back to the Office, Vices in Tow". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  79. ^ Published on Sunday 29 May 2011 13:58 (2011-05-29). "Interview: January Jones, actress - News". Scotsman.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  80. ^ "Tea Leoni | Health, Beauty, Fashion, Love, Careers and more - MORE Magazine". More.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  81. ^ "Entertainment | Tiger attack at star's sanctuary". BBC News. 2007-12-04. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  82. ^ "Online University Degree Search - U.S. University Directory - State Universities and College Rankings". Encyclopedia.stateuniversity.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  83. ^ Abel, Olivia (2002-04-29). "Passages". People.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
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  85. ^ a b "Tippi Hedren: Alfred Hitchcock tried to destroy my career". The Sunday Times. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  86. ^ a b Tran, My-Thuan (May 5, 2008). "THE STATE; A mix of luck, polish; Vietnamese dominance of the manicure trade started with the help of a U.S. star". Los Angeles Times. p. A1. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  87. ^ http://news.sonomaportal.com/2014/04/07/film-fest-winners/
  88. ^ a b http://www.modernsalon.com/news/beauty-news/Beauty-Changes-Lives-CND-Tippi-Hendren-Nail-Scholarship-Fund-216931411.html
  89. ^ Gardner, Eriq (16 December 2013). "Tippi Hedren Gets $1.5 Million After a Gallon of Water Falls on Her Head". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  90. ^ Lightfoot Garrett, Tommy (20 December 2013). "EXCLUSIVE! Tippi Hedren Comes To Highlight Hollywood To Shoot Down Erroneous Reports About Lawsuit Award, Star Implores Supporters Of Shambala ‘The Fight Is Far From Over". Highlight Hollywood. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
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  93. ^ [1][dead link]
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  95. ^ [2][dead link]
  96. ^ [3][dead link]
  97. ^ [4][dead link]
  98. ^ "Academy of Art University News | Academy of Art University’s 2nd Epidemic Film Festival Dazzles Hollywood Elite". Academyart.edu. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  99. ^ [5][dead link]
  100. ^ Name * (2011-10-15). "2005-2010 Past Celebrity Honorees | LA Femme International Film Festival". Lafemme.org. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  101. ^ [6][dead link]
  102. ^ "''Contra Costa Times'' report on Hedren's star on the Orinda Theater Walk of Fame". Contracostatimes.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  103. ^ "Humane Society website re Hedren's 2010 Genesis Award". Humanesociety.org. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  104. ^ "BRAVEHEART WOMEN.COM ANNOUNCES 2010 HONOREES". Westside Today. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  105. ^ "Tippi Hedren honored for animal preserve". orlandobulletin.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  106. ^ a b c http://losangeles.broadwayworld.com/article/Tippi_Hedren_Honored_From_Coast_to_Coast_20110411
  107. ^ "An Exciting Night At The Omni Awards". Canyon News. 2011-10-09. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  108. ^ "The New York Film Academy (NYFA) Presents Honorary MFA Degree to Tippi Hedren Page 2". Broadwayworld.com. 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  109. ^ By Lisa KennedyDenver Post Film Criticdenverpost.com (2010-09-14). "Starz Denver Film Festival: Actors Vince Vaughn and Tippi Hedren join the packed finale". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  110. ^ http://www.broadwayworld.com/bwwmusic/article/Smokey-Robinson-Tippi-Hedren-More-to-Receive-The-Touching-Lives-TV-People-Helping-People-Award-20131120

External links[edit]