Tippler

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This article is about the pigeon breed. For railway usage, see Railroad car.
22:05, Harry Shannon Kit, World Record Old Bird, 21.05.1995

The tippler is a breed of domestic pigeon bred to participate in endurance competitions. Flying results of up to 22 hours (non-stop) have been reported.[1]

20:29, Karl Kocholl Kit, World Record Young Bird, 2004
Jack Boden Kit, 20:40, 1975

Origins[edit]

J. Bodens

The pigeon evolved from the Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) that is endemic to the region between the Mediterranean and China. Some pigeon breeds are believed to have originated from the Middle East, although the origin of the tippler is uncertain. The predominant theory is that the tippler was a cross breed, between the homing pigeon and the cumulet. This cross-breeding was thought to improve the bird's endurance and allow a larger flight range. It is proposed that selection for this long-term flying ability helped to eliminate its progenitor's tumbling flight behavior. The breed is believed to have originated in 1845, near the silk milling towns of Congleton and Macclesfield in East Cheshire, England. The breeder's aim was to perfect the "butterfly action" of the wings. The ease and grace of the wings enabled the tippler to attain its long flight duration. Levi, in The Pigeon, cites a reference from Hepworth (1893) who interviewed W. Jolly of Mill Green, who claimed that he had been breeding tipplers for fifty-six years. That would take the origin back to at least 1837. Levi also commented that the breed was developed around the towns of Rainow and Macclesfield. It further mentions, "Macclesfield tipplers," as a strain or type of tippler and that they were named after the region in which they were developed.

20 years of inbreeding by Gordon Hughes (1953-1973)

Types[edit]

Tippler "types" were named after their breeders or their original location. Most of these types can stay aloft for over 19 hours.

"Hughes" were bred by Gordon Hughes in Derby, with a flying record of 18:07 in 1976.[citation needed]

The "Boden" were bred by Jack Boden in Handsworth, achieving a flying time of 20:40 in 1975.[citation needed]

"Sam Billingham", Arthur Newton, Joe Davies, and Jack Holland were also among England's top breeders.[citation needed]

Other popular types include "Lovatt", "Merredith", Shannon (also known as Irish Delight) and Sheffield (usually colored red and yellow).[citation needed]

Wilf Lovatt, 20:00, 1963

Training[edit]

Tipplers are intelligent birds and can be trained to fly long hours and drop only when asked.[2]

Eric Anslow, 21:21 in 1994

Competitions and flying rules[edit]

The Homing Pigeon flies to race home, the Roller Pigeon flies to roll, but the tippler just flies. Tippler fanciers can compete anywhere in the world without traveling. A "kit" of tipplers consists of three or more birds. Each tippler club has defined flying rules. Generally, the aim is for the whole kit to fly as long as possible. When one lands, or if the fancier gives the landing sign, the competition ends. Usually, the birds must be seen every hour by the referee to make sure that they are indeed flying. Most clubs base their flying rules on the "NTU flying rules".[3]

Gordon Hughes in his loft.

The two categories of competition are young birds and old birds. A young bird is one hatched during the current year that bears a seamless band issued for that year. Any other bird is regarded as an old bird, regardless of its actual age. The first old bird race is usually about the middle of April, with others at two week intervals. The most important competition occupies the so-called Long Day. The longest (weekend) day of the year.

In Pakistan many fanciers and associations organize endurance competitions, in Rawalpindi/Islamabad All Pakistan Pigeons Lovers Association organizes the bi-annual competitions once in Sep/Oct and Once in May. Participants for all over the city participates in the tournament. Every fancier has to come up with a team of 7 to 11 birds, competition starts early in the morning at 4:50 am in the month of May when temperature goes up-to 45 degree. Total time scored by any team is calculate at the end and top scorer will be awarded with attractive prizes. These competitions are the not only the source of amusement but an opportunity for social interaction among participants.

International records[edit]

Top 6 Old Birds
Record (h) Fancier Place Year
22:05 H. Shannon Ireland, Lisburn 1995
21;21 E. Anslow England, Springfield[disambiguation needed] 1994
21:11 H. Shannon Ireland, Lisburn 1995
21:10 H. Culter Ireland, Ulster 1992
21:00 J Lamb Ireland, Crumlin[disambiguation needed] 2001
Top 6 Young Birds
Record (h) Fancier Place Year
19:40 H. Shannon Ireland, Lisburn 1993
19:34 Plester England, Birmingham 1990
19:19 Shannon Ireland, Lisburn 1990
19:16 Shannon Ireland, Lisburn 1994
19:16 Brown England, Gladless 1986
19:03 Shannon Ireland, Lisburn 2010

Clubs[edit]

  • National Tippler Union of Great Britain NTU
  • National Flying Pigeon Association -INDIA [2]
  • American Tippler Union ATU
  • Bulgaria Tippler Club NTKBG
  • Dutch Tippler Club [3]
  • Flying Tippler Club of North America FTCNA
  • The Flying Tippler Association of America FTA
  • Canadian Tippler Union CNTU
  • Russian Tippler Club RTC
  • German Tippler Union DFU
  • German Tippler Club TCD
  • Croatia Tippler Union HTS
  • Czech Tippler Club KCHT
  • Nepal Pigeons Keeper Association NPKA
  • Australian Flying Tippler Union (AFTU) [4]
  • National Tippler Union Of TURKEY / (NTU-TR) [5]
  • National Tippler Union Of TURKEY / Bursa (BTK-TR) [6]
  • National Tippler Union Of TURKEY / Istanbul (İTK-TR) [7]
  • All Pakistan Pigeon Lovers Association / Islambad

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]