The pigeon evolved from the Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) that is endemic to the region between the Mediterranean and China. Some of the domestic pigeon breeds are believed to have originated from the Middle East, but there is no guarantee that this is the origin of the tippler. There are many proposed theories regarding the origin of the tippler. The predominant theory is that the tippler may have been a cross breed, between the developing homing pigeon and the cumulet. This cross-breeding was thought to improve the endurance flying abilities and allow a much larger, accurate flight range and therefore increasing the time of flight. It is proposed that selection for this long-term flying ability has helped to eliminate the early tumbling flight behavior. There seems no doubt that the tippler has been developed through selective breeding and that they are of the Tumbler descent. The breed is believed to have originated in 1845, near the two silk milling towns of Congleton and Macclesfield in East Cheshire, England. The aim of the traditional breeders was to perfect the "butterfly action" of the wings. It is the ease and grace that the wings were used to enable the tippler to attain its long flight duration. Wendell Levi, in his book The Pigeon, cites a reference from Hepworth (1893) who interviewed W. Jolly of Mill Green. The reference states that he had been breeding tipplers for fifty-six years. That would take the origin back to at least 1837. Levi also comments that the breed was developed around the towns of Rainow and Macclesfield. It further mentions, "Macclesfield tipplers," as a strain or type of tippler (see below), and that they were named after the region in which they were developed.
There are a number of well-known "types" of tipplers named after different breeders or the location they originated from. Most of these types have flown over 19 hours many times.
Tipplers are very intelligent (see pigeon intelligence) birds and can be trained to fly long hours and drop only when the trainer asks them to.
The following training program was published by W. Matthews in N.T.U. Yearbook 1987:
"Thirty-Six Stages for the Flying Tippler Novice".
Competitions and flying rules
The Homing Pigeon flies to race home, the Roller Pigeon flies to roll, but the tippler just flies and flies. The fanciers of tipplers can compete against others anywhere in the world without leaving the confines of their own home. A "kit" of tipplers consists of three or more pigeons. The tippler team is best when small; controlling and managing a small kit is in fact easier. Each tippler club has a set of defined flying rules. Generally, the aim is to let the whole kit of tipplers fly above and around the house for as long as possible. When one of the tipplers lands, or if the fancier gives the landing sign, that is the end of the competition. Usually, the birds have to be seen every hour during serious competitions by the referee to make sure that they are indeed flying. Most clubs have their flying rules based on the "NTU flying rules".
There are two categories of competition: young birds and old birds. A young bird is one hatched during the current year, and in order to qualify for young bird competition, must bear a seamless band issued for that year. Any bird wearing a band issued for any previous year is regarded as an old bird regardless of its actual age. The first old bird race is usually about the middle of April, the rest following at two week intervals. The most important competition is organized on the so-called Long Day. The longest day (usually in weekend) of the year.
|22:05||H. Shannon||Ireland, Lisburn||1995|
|21;21||E. Anslow||England, Springfield||1994|
|21:11||H. Shannon||Ireland, Lisburn||1994|
|21:10||H. Culter||Ireland, Ulster||1992|
|21:00||J Lamb||Ireland, Crumlin||2001|
|19:40||H. Shannon||Ireland, Lisburn||1993|
- National Tippler Union of Great Britain NTU
- National Flying Pigeon Association -INDIA 
- American Tippler Union ATU
- Bulgaria Tippler Club NTKBG
- Dutch Tippler Club 
- Flying Tippler Club of North America FTCNA
- The Flying Tippler Association of America FTA
- Canadian Tippler Union CNTU
- Russian Tippler Club RTC
- German Tippler Union DFU
- German Tippler Club TCD
- Croatia Tippler Union HTS
- Czech Tippler Club KCHT
- Nepal Pigeons Keeper Association NPKA
- Australian Flying Tippler Union (AFTU) 
- National Tippler Union Of TURKEY / (NTU-TR) 
- National Tippler Union Of TURKEY / Bursa (BTK-TR) 
- National Tippler Union Of TURKEY / Istanbul (İTK-TR) 
- 36 stages for the Flying Tippler Novice, W. Matthews, N.T.U. Yearbook 1987. Retrieved December 27, 2005.
- N.T.U. Yearbook 1990/1991. Retrieved November 5, 2006.
- "Flight Performance, Energetics and Water Turnover of Tippler Pigeons with a Harness and Dorsal Load", JA Gessaman, GW Workman, MR Fuller, 1991.
- The secrets of Tippler Pigeon Flying with 18 Invaluable Receipts by J Stanway
- Origins of the English Flying Tipplers by Jack Prescott, February 2006.
- Levi, Wendell (1977). The Pigeon. Sumter, S.C.: Levi Publishing Co, Inc. ISBN 0-85390-013-2.
- CURLEY, J. T. 1961. The time-flying tippler pigeon sport. Howell Book House, New York, NY.