Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College

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Tipu Sultan Unani Medical College is in the city of Gulbarga which in located in the northern part of Karnataka state in India. It is the brainchild of three individuals, who established this institute of Unani medicine. It gives a bachelor level education in the field of Unani medicine.

Management[edit]

The leaders of this institution are Muhammad Azeemuddin Advocate as its president, Syed Nasrullah Hussaini as its secretary, and Abdul Ghani as its director.

History[edit]

It began as a humble structure on land earmarked for it on the Ring Road of Gulbarga city. The first group of students started in these temporary buildings raised for that purpose. Now the new building is an imposing structure with class rooms, a well equipped library, and a herbal garden.

Unani medicine[edit]

Main article: Unani medicine

Unani-tibb or Unani medicine also spelled Yunani medicine (/juːˈnɑːni/; Yūnānī in Arabic, Hindi-Urdu and Persian) means "Greek Medicine", and is a form of traditional medicine widely practiced in South Asia. It refers to a tradition of Graeco-Arabic medicine, which is based on the teachings of the Greek physician Hippocrates, and the Roman physician Galen, and was developed into an elaborate medical system by Arab, Afghan and Persian physicians, such as Rhazes, Avicenna (Ibn Sena), Al-Zahrawi and Ibn Nafis.

Unani medicine is based around the concepts of the four humours: phlegm (balgham), blood (dam), yellow bile (ṣafrā') and black bile (ṣaudā').

Etymology[edit]

The word Unani or Yunani has its origins in the Greek word Ἰωνία (Iōnía) or Ἰωνίη (Iōníe), a place name given to a Greek populated coastal region of Anatolia.

History[edit]

Though the threads which comprise Unani healing can be traced all the way back to Claudius Galenus of Pergamum, who lived in the 2nd century CE and also to ancient Iranian medicine, the basic knowledge of Unani medicine as a healing system was developed by Hakim Ibn Sina (known as Avicenna in the west) in his medical encyclopedia The Canon of Medicine. The time of its origin is thus dated to circa 1025 CE. While he was primarily influenced by Greek and Islamic medicine, he was also influenced by the Indian medical teachings of Sushruta and Charaka.

Unani medicine first arrived in India around the 12th or 13th century with establishment of the Delhi Sultanate (1206-1527) and Muslim rule over North India and subsequently flourished under the Mughal Empire. Alauddin Khilji (r. 1296-1316) had several eminent Unani physicians (hakims) in his royal courts. In the coming years this royal patronage meant not only the development of Unani medicine in India, but also of Unani literature with the aid of Indian Ayurvedic physicians. See Notable Unani institutions.

Recent developments[edit]

Recently a modern operation theater with all the facilities of treatment for various specialities like general surgery, orthopaedics, gynaecology and general medicine have been added. It has now become a "Jewel in the Crown" of the institution. Many major surgeries are being conducted in this facility.