|• Hebrew||טִירַת כַּרְמֶל|
|• ISO 259||Ṭirat Karmell|
|• Total||5.601 dunams (0.5601 ha or 1.384 acres)|
Tirat Carmel, formerly Ṭīrat el Lōz, (Hebrew: טִירַת כַּרְמֶל, Arabic: طيرة اللوز), or Tirat HaCarmel or Al-Tira, Haifa, is a city in the Haifa District in Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2007 the city had a total population of 18,700.
Throughout the ages, the site of the modern city was controlled by many people, including the Romans, the Ottoman and the British. The modern city was established on the site of the Arab village of al-Tira.
The town of Tirat Carmel was officially declared a city in 1992.
See also Al-Tira, Haifa
Tirat Carmel is built on the ruins of the town of al-Tira. Crusaders called it St Yohan de Tire. It was ruled by the Ottomans in late medieval and Renaissance times and was an agricultural area with wheat and goats and other farms. While conscription in the late 1800s harmed the town, it recovered, and by 1945 was an agricultural Muslim community with a Christian minority. The town was known for production of olives and almonds.
The village was a victim of fighting between Jews and Arabs in Israel, being attacked by the invading Arab forces in 1948, and was destroyed in the battle and abandoned. In 1949 two absorption centers were established for Jewish immigrants in the same location, which in 1954 were reorganized into the municipality of Tirat Carmel.
According to CBS, in 2001 there were 9,200 males and 9,300 females. The population of the city was spread out with 31.2% 19 years of age or younger, 16.7% between 20 and 29, 19.4% between 30 and 44, 17.8% from 45 to 59, 4.1% from 60 to 64, and 10.9% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 0.8%.
According to CBS, as of 2000, in the city there were 6,068 salaried workers and 411 are self-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker in the city is ILS 4,428, a real change of 6.6% over the course of 2000. Salaried males have a mean monthly wage of ILS 5,621 (a real change of 4.3%) versus ILS 3,211 for females (a real change of 9.0%). The mean income for the self-employed is 4,818. There are 450 people who receive unemployment benefits and 1,891 people who receive an income guarantee.
According to CBS, there are 9 schools and 3,049 students in the city. They are spread out as 6 elementary schools and 1,681 elementary school students, and 6 high schools and 1,368 high school students. 59.8% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.
Israeli local celebrities who grew up in Tirat Carmel include Soccer player Reuven Atar, comedian Shalom Asayag, professional dancer and singer Kfir Danieli and the fashion photographer Gabriel Hundiashvili. Tirat Carmel's most famous sons are probably Amos Grunebaum and Gene Simmons. (See ).
- "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- Khalidi (1992), p. 195
- Khalidi, 1992, p.196.
- "Gene Simmons (I)". Imdb.com. Retrieved 2009-05-06.