Tiridates I of Parthia
Tiridates or Teridates // is a Persian name, given by Arrian in his Parthica to the brother of Arsaces I, the founder of the Parthian kingdom, whom he is said to have succeeded in about 246 BC. But Arrian’s account seems to be quite unhistorical and modern historians believe that Arsaces continued to rule Parthia until 211 BC.
In Arrian's account, Tiridates maintained himself for a short time in Parthia, during the dissolution of the Seleucid empire by the attacks of Ptolemy III in 246 BC and the following years. Tiridates was defeated and expelled by Seleucus II in about 238 BC. But when Seleucus was forced, by the rebellion of his brother, Antiochus Hierax, to return to the west, Tiridates came back and defeated the Macedonians. Tiridates adopted the name of his brother Arsaces, and after him all the other Parthian kings.
- Tiridates II of Parthia is called "Tiridates I" in accounts that miss out the earlier Tiridates.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Arrian, Parthica (preserved by Photius and Syncellus); Syrica, 65 (preserved by Isidorus of Charax).
- Strabo xi.
- Junianus Justinus, Historiarum Philippicarum, xli, 4.
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Tiridates I of ParthiaBorn: Unknown Died: 211 BC
|Great King (Shah) of Parthia
c. 246 BC – 211 BC