Tirimüjgan Sultan

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Tirimüjgan Sultan
Üçüncü Kadın Efendi
Born Müjgan, Virjin or Çandır
(1819-08-16)16 August 1819
Circassia, Ottoman Empire
Died 2 November 1853(1853-11-02) (aged 34)
Beylerbeyi, Üsküdar, Istanbul
Cause of death
Tuberculosis
Resting place
The tomb of Cedit Havatin in Yeni Mosque, Istanbul
Residence Beylerbeyi Palace, Üsküdar, Istanbul
Ethnicity Shapsugs-Circassian/Armenian
Known for Üçüncü (the Third) Kadınefendi
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Abdülmecid I
Children Abdülhamid II
Parents Bekhan Bey and Almaş Hanım
Tîr-î-Müjgan's son, Abdul Hamid II.

Tirimüjgan Sultan, Üçüncü Kadın Efendi[1] (born Müjgan, Virjin or Çandır;[2] 16 August 1819 – 2 November 1853) was the Circassian third wife of Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid I.[3] Because of this, her rank in the royal harem was "Üçüncü Kadın Efendi" (literally "third woman", i.e. "third wife").

Biography[edit]

Tirimüjgan Sultan was born as the daughter of Bekhan Bey and his wife Almaş Hanım who belonged to the Shapsugs Tribe of Circassia. According to other sources and specially Abdul Hamid's personal enemies claimed that she was the daughter of an Armenian musician, originally named Çandır or Virgin. At a very young age she was given in service to the palace. She was among the longest surviving kalfas at the palace for her refinement, her politeness and her beauty. She had hazel green eyes, light brown hair, white, translucent skin and a slender figure, thin waist, and lovely hands and feet.

During her service in the palace she was noticed by Abdülmecid and they married in 1840 in the Topkapı Palace. She was initially the fourth, then the third wife of Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid I. She gave birth to two princes and one princess. Her first child was Princess Naime Sultan, who died of small pox at the age of two and a half in March 1843. Sultan Abdul Hamid II was her second child while her third child was Şehzade Mehmed Abid Efendi, who died in May 1848 around the age of one month.[4]

However, she was never a Valide Sultan to her son because she died twenty-three years before the Sultan Abdülhamid II's accession to the Ottoman throne.[5] In place of the biological mother Tîr-î-Müjgan[6] Kadınefendi, the title of Valide Sultan was later acquired by Rahîme Pirîstû (Perestû) as the adoptive mother of Abdul Hamid II.

Tîr-î-Müjgan Kadınefendi died of tuberculosis on the second day of November 1853 at the Beylerbeyi Palace in Üsküdar, Istanbul. Her burial place is located at The tomb of Cedit Havatin in Yeni Mosque, Istanbul. In 1887, her son Abdul Hamid II, built a mosque in her memory.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Consorts Of Ottoman Sultans (in Turkish)". Ottoman Web Page. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  2. ^ Freely, John – Inside the Seraglio, Chapter 15: On the Shores of the Bosphorus, published 1999. (Formerly, John Freely was a Professor Of Physics at Boğaziçi University, Istanbul)
  3. ^ "Ottoman Research Foundation (in Turkish); announces the results of their recent investigations and proclaims her name as "Tîr-î-Müjgan Kadın Efendi"". Ottoman Sultans Web Page. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  4. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 505, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  5. ^ "Genealogy of the Ottoman Royal Family". 
  6. ^ "Sultan Abdülhamid II Khan". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 

See also[edit]