Tirrenia is a frazione (parish) of Pisa, Italy with a population of 3,112 inhabitants. Immersed in the pine forest of the Litorale Pisano and the Ligurian Sea (even if the name of the village refers to Tyrrhenian Sea, in Italian Mar Tirreno), Tirrenia is situated in the center of the coast of Tuscany and the Parco Naturale Migliarino, San Rossore and Massaciuccoli, between Pisa and Livorno.
The city was founded during the years of the fascist regime. Benito Mussolini had this once swamped city transformed into what he called "The Pearl of the Mediterranean Sea." Many architects from all over Italy were called upon to build centres for orphans and houses for the rich. In the 1930s places for studying film were constructed, and la Pisorno was built, to expand the ideal of fascism in Italy and to make propaganda. Today, in the area of Tirrenia near Livorno, the old colonies built by Mussolini for orphans are being restored since they were abandoned after World War II. These colonies will be used as tourist attractions.
In the early 50s American troops established Camp Darby, not too far from Tirrenia. Subsequently American families began to rent villas and apartments in Tirrenia. Some of the more clever bought homes and property in Tirrenia. In the mid to late 50s through the mid 70s many of the inhabitants of Tirrenia were American families with their children. The American Beach in Tirrenia (which as of 2013 still exists) was a vacation venue for American and NATO troops stationed throughout Europe. There are still today Facebook groups associated with these Americans, most of which attended the schools at Camp Darby, but lived in Tirrenia. In Calambrone, just south of Tirrenia, the U.S. Army Hospital served the Americans that lived in Tirrenia.
- Sunlight Park
- Luna Park
- Parco Giochi Mattera Gian Carlo
Tirrenia is also home to Camp Darby Army Base, a home to the Southern European Task Force (SETAF).
The town is surrounded by sand hills and lush forests, whose fauna include wild boars.
Tirrenia's economy is mainly based on tourism, more on a national level than on a foreign one. Also, fishing is the fruit of profit for citizens of Tirrenia. Tirrenia besides is one of the most expensive maritime localities, where residences have costs that are elevating.
Tirrenia is above all visited by young people mostly from Pisa and Livorno because of the vast quantity of pubs and discos that the town has to offer. The main avenue provides access to camping grounds, seaside establishments, and high-quality, luxurious hotels. Families can attend numerous recreational centers and can visit 5 km worth of beach resorts.
Tirrenia has a Mediterranean and moderate climate even throughout the winter. The climate allows you to take a stroll, ride your bike, or go horseback riding through the vast pine forests.
With the presence of a training center of the Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI), many athletes go to Tirrenia to practice and at times relax by the seashore. Two Golf & Country clubs can be found, tennis courts, and public pools can be used for any water sports. Additionally, Tirrenia is home to a baseball academy run by Major League Baseball.
Sport centers include:
- Centro addestramento C.O.N.I.
- Cosmopolitan Golf & Country Club
- Tennis Tirrenia
- Tirrenia Golf Club
- Unione Sportiva Tirrenia
- Circolo Tennis Litorale Pisano