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In Jainism, a tīrtha (Sanskrit: तीर्थ "ford, a shallow part of a body of water that may be easily crossed") is used to refer both to pilgrimage sites as well as to the four sections of the sangha. A tirtha provides the inspiration to enable one to cross over from worldly engagement to the side of nirvana.
Tirtha sites include:
- Siddhakshetras or site of nirvana liberation of an arihant (kevalin) or Tirthankaras like Ashtapada Hill, Shikharji, Girnar, Pawapuri, Palitana and Champa, capital of Anga
- Atishayakshetras where divine events have occurred like Mahavirji, Rishabhdeo, Kundalpur, Aharji etc.
- Puranakshetras associated with lives of great men like Ayodhya, Vidisha, Hastinapur, and Rajgir
- Gyanakshetra: associated with famous acharyas or centers of learning like Mohankheda, Shravanabelagola and Ladnu
Geographically, the tirthas are divided into six quarters:.
- North India: Hastinapur, Taxila, and Ashtapada
- South India: Shravanabelagola, Sankighatta, Moodabidri, Humbaj, Anantnath Swami Temple near Kalpetta
- Eastern India: Shikharji, Pawapuri, Champa, Pundravardhan
- Western India: Palitana, Girnar, Mount Abu, Mahavirji, Shankheshwar, Mahudi
- Central India: Vidisha, Kundalpur, Sonagiri
- Overseas: Siddhachalam, Nava Ashtapada, Siddhayatan
- Special features of sacred places of Jains http://www.jsgc.org/tirth.htm
- Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence, Kurt Titze, Motilal Banarsidass,; 2 edition (March 5, 2001)
- Bharat ke Digambar Jain Tirth, Volume 1, Balbhadra Jain, 1974
- jainuniversity.org, Jain Tirtha all over India
- http://www.siddhayatan.org First Hindu-Jain Tirth in North America
- Shri Nageshwar Parshwanath
- Jain Tirth Darshan on jainreligion.in