Tirucherai Saranathan Temple

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Sri Saranatha Perumal Temple
Sri Saranatha Perumal Temple is located in Tamil Nadu
Sri Saranatha Perumal Temple
Sri Saranatha Perumal Temple
Location in Tamil Nadu
Other names Thirucherai Saranatha Perumal
Proper name Sri Saranathan Perumal
Coordinates 10°55′56″N 79°31′58″E / 10.93222°N 79.53278°E / 10.93222; 79.53278Coordinates: 10°55′56″N 79°31′58″E / 10.93222°N 79.53278°E / 10.93222; 79.53278
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
District Thiruvarur
Location Tirucherai, Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India
Primary deity Saranatha Perumal(Vishnu)
Consort Saranayaki Thaayar
Festival deity Sri Saranatha Perumal
Festival consort Sri Mahalaksmi, Saranayaki, Neela Devi, Bhooma Devi, Sri Devi Thayar
Direction and posture Standing
Temple tank Sara Pushkarani
Shrine Sara Vimanam
Poets Thirumangai Azhwar (Kaliyan)- 13 Pasurams
Appeared for Sri Cauvery, Maarkandeya Maharishi
Important festivals On every Thaipoosam day, Lord Saranatha with his 5 wives blesses us as a child in his mother Cauvery’s hand in a beautifully decorated chariot.
Architectural styles Dravidian architecture
History and governance
Date built Outer Temple approx. built in 1500AD, but the presiding deity is found to be more than 2000 Years old

The Saranathan Temple is a Hindu temple located in the village of Tirucherai near Kudavasal, Tiruvarur district. The presiding deity is Vishnu who is known as "Saranathan". The temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams.


After the fall of the Vijayanagar empire in Tanjore, Azhagiya Manavala Naicker who ruled Tanjore planned to erect a temple for Rajagopala swamy in Mannarkudi. He appointed his minister Narasa Boopalan for this job. He was to get Blackstones from all possible places.

This minister was a great worshipper of Saranatha Perumal of Thirucherai and wanted to erect a temple for him too. So he ordered his men to unload one stone from each cart which passed Thirucherai. A spy of the king caught hold of this and informed the king. The angered king came for an inspection. But before that in overnight Narasa Boopalan constructed this temple and to please the king he added a sannathi for Rajagopala swamy too and his plan worked and he was away from kings anger after that the king ordered to complete the temple with his money.

Only Divya Desam where Lord Vishnu is seen with five Goddesses

When time came to destroy the world and finish the yugam, Brahma was worried a lot. He pleaded Lord Vishnu to tell him a way to keep the tools necessary for Srishti and all vedas safely. Lord ordered him to put all these things in a strong mud pot and after trying mud from all places Brahma finally made a pot out of the sand taken from Thirucherai and saved all vedhas and all necessary aids for srishti. Hence as this placed gave the magical mud which held a lead role this place became the reason for all living things to live even after the Maha pralaya so this place is called “Sara Shetram”.

And also as the place, Lord, Lady, Pushkarani and Vimana all five together gave the support this place is called “Pancha Sara Shetram”.

River Cauveri wanted her status to be equal to river Ganges and performed a Tough (or) hard penance. She laid 3 wishes before the god. (a) O! Lord you should stay in this place for ever and ever (b) all the Jeevans in this place should attain your lotus feet (c) I should be treated as pious as river Ganges. Lord Vishnu granted all her wishes and to improvise her status further among all the other river he accepted her as his mother and crawled as a child in her hands.

The Temple[edit]

Mudikondan river flows from the west and Kudamuruti river in the south.

Lord Hanuman (or) Aanchaneya blesses as from the west end of the pushkarani and Lord Vianayaka from the North eastern side.

The Rajagopuram is 120 feet tall and adjoining this is the first praharam and then is the Middle Gopuram. Next is the Thirukalyana Mandapam. From here Rajagopala swamy blesses us. In front of this sannathi Thiruvenkatamudayam sannathi is situated. After this Lord Sri Rama, Narashimar and Manavala Maamunigal sannathis are there.

Inside the Moolaver’s Karbagraham, Saranathar along with his wives: Sridevi, Boomidevi, Neela devi, Mahalakshmi and Sara Naayagi gives away his heartfelt blessings. To his right Markanteya Maharishi and River Cauvery are found. Santhana Gopalan and Selvar are too found in this sannadhi.

River Cauvery is seen in a maternal posture with a child on her lap.[1]

Lord Sri Rama gives us a very special dharshan here. Along with Devi Sita and Lakshmana, all Alwars and Sri Rama’s kolam (i.e.) he poses as he was found in the forest for 14 years.


The temple is located 4 km from kudavasal and around 14 km from Kumbakonam in the Kumbakonam-Tiruvarur road.


  1. ^ Coward 2000, p. 117