Tiruchirappalli district

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Tiruchirappalli district
தி௫ச்சிராப்பள்ளி மாவட்டம்
Tiruchchirapalli District, Trichy District
District
Kaveri river bisecting Tiruchirappalli and Srirangam
Kaveri river bisecting Tiruchirappalli and Srirangam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°47′40.56″N 78°41′6″E / 10.7946000°N 78.68500°E / 10.7946000; 78.68500Coordinates: 10°47′40.56″N 78°41′6″E / 10.7946000°N 78.68500°E / 10.7946000; 78.68500
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
Municipal corporations Tiruchirappalli
Municipalities Manapparai, Thuraiyur, Thuvakudi
Town panchayats Lalgudi, Musiri, Manachanallur, Thottiyam, Pullambadi, Thuvarankurichi, Kallakudi, Vaiyampatti, Marungapuri, Poovalur, Thathaiyankarpet, Pullivalam, Samayapuram, Sirugamani, etc.
divisions Tiruchirappalli division, Lalgudi division, Musiri division, Srirangam division (2013)
Headquarters Tiruchirapalli
Talukas Lalgudi taluk, Manachanallur taluk, Manapparai taluk, Marungapuri taluk (from 2013), Musiri taluk, Srirangam taluk, Thiruverumbur taluk, Thottiyam taluk, Thuraiyur taluk, Tiruchirappalli West taluk, Tiruchirappalli East taluk (from 2013).
Government
 • Collector Jayashree Muralidharan, IAS
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,722,290
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 620 xxx and 621 xxx
Telephone code 0431
ISO 3166 code [[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]
Vehicle registration TN-45,TN-48,TN-81,TN-81Z[2]
Central location: 10°47′N 78°41′E / 10.783°N 78.683°E / 10.783; 78.683
Website www.trichy.tn.nic.in

Tiruchirapalli District is located along the Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu, India. The main town in Tiruchirappalli District is the city of Tiruchirappalli, also known as Trichy. During the British Raj, Tiruchirappalli was known as Trichinopoly, and was a district of the Madras Presidency; it was renamed upon India's declaration of independence in 1947. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,722,290 with a sex-ratio of 1,013 females for every 1,000 males.

Geography[edit]

Kaveri river and Rockfort at Tiruchirapalli

Tiruchirappalli district lies at the heart of Tamil Nadu. The district has an area of 4,404 square kilometers. It is bounded in the north by Salem district, in the northwest by Namakkal district, in the northeast by Perambalur district and Ariyalur district, in the east by Thanjavur District, in the southeast by Pudukkottai district, in the south by Madurai district and Sivagangai district, in the southwest by Dindigul district and, in the west by Karur district. Kaveri river flows through the length of the district and is the principal source of irrigation and water supply. It is also known as "TUCKER" trichy

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Tiruchirappalli district had a population of 2,722,290 with a sex-ratio of 1,013 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[3] A total of 272,456 were under the age of six, constituting 139,946 males and 132,510 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 17.14% and .67% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 74.9%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] The district had a total of 698,404 households. There were a total of 1,213,979 workers, comprising 161,657 cultivators, 319,720 main agricultural labourers, 25,174 in house hold industries, 575,778 other workers, 131,650 marginal workers, 9,012 marginal cultivators, 59,062 marginal agricultural labourers, 5,212 marginal workers in household industries and 58,364 other marginal workers.[4]

Taluks[edit]

Srirangam Temple Gopuram

Tiruchirappalli District consists of 11 Taluks:

Urban centres[edit]

Thiruvanaikaval Temple at Tiruchirapalli

Tiruchirappalli District consists of the following urban centres:

White three-story building
Headquarters of Tiruchirappalli City Municipal Corporation

Major industries[edit]

  • Bharath Heavy Electricals Limited BHEL
  • Boiler Manufacturing Industries
  • Cement Factories
  • Light and heavy engineering
  • Leather Tanneries (E. I. Leather)
  • Food processing Industries
  • Sugar Mills
  • (Traditional) Cigar Making (village) Industries.
  • Hosiery and garments (to a small extent)
  • IT/BPO

Natural resources and water bodies[edit]

Upper Anaicut or Mukkombu

The major rivers are the River Kaveri and the River Kollidama.

Agriculture[edit]

The district has a large cattle and poultry population.

The rivers Kaveri and Kollidama start branching out to form the Kaveri delta irrigating vast tracts of land in the district. The major crops are rice (vast tracts); sugarcane (vast tracts); banana/plantain; coconut; cotton (small tracts); betel; corn; groundnut

Tourism[edit]

Places to visit in Tiruchirappalli District:

  • Mukkombu
  • Srirangam Ranganathaswamy Temple
  • Thiruvanai koil Shiva temple
  • Vayalur Murugan Temple
  • Kulumandi Amman Temple,Puthur-Sholanganallur
  • Samayapuram Mariamman Temple
  • Vekkaliamman Temple, Woriyur
  • Rock Fort and Uchipillaiyar Temple
  • Kallanai
  • Tolgate Utthamar Koil Temple
  • Tirupattur Bramha Temple
  • Puliancholai
  • Pachai malai
  • Kolli malai
  • Lalgudi sivan temple

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Excel).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ www.tn.gov.in
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Tiruchirappalli district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 

External links[edit]