Tirupati (city)

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Tirupathi city view
Tirupathi city view
Nickname(s): thirunagati తిరునగరి
Tirupati is located in Andhra Pradesh
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 13°39′N 79°25′E / 13.65°N 79.42°E / 13.65; 79.42Coordinates: 13°39′N 79°25′E / 13.65°N 79.42°E / 13.65; 79.42
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Chittoor
 • MLA Bhumana Karunakar Reddy (y.s.r.c.p) (Tirupati urban and Renigunta)
Aruna Kumari Galla (Tirupati rural and Chandragiri)
Elevation 161 m (528 ft)
Population (2011)[1][2]
 • Total 459,985
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0877
Vehicle registration AP-03



Tirupati is a major pilgrimage and cultural city in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. It is the largest city in the Rayalaseema region and also the 4th largest growing city of the Indian state Andhra Pradesh next to Hyderabad, Vizag and Vijayawada. It is located at the foothills of the Eastern Ghats, 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Chittoor, 150 kilometres (93 mi) from Chennai, 250 kilometres (160 mi) from Bangalore and 550 kilometres (340 mi) from Hyderabad. It is one of the richest pilgrimage cities of any religious faith in the world.[3]

Tirupati is famous for Venkateswara Swamy temple dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north west of Tirupati in the Tirumala hills at an elevation of 853 metres (2,799 ft). One of the most important pilgrimage centers in the world, the temple draws millions of pilgrims and is the busiest pilgrimage center in the world.[4] Tirupati has several temples and is a major economical and educational hub in the southern region of the state.


The word Tirupati is derived from both Tamil and Sanskrit. In Sanskrit husband is called as Pati or Pathi, of his Pathni Sri Lakshmi devi and Tiru literally means 'Holy' or 'Sacred' in Tamil and together the temple is called as Tirupati.

Vaishnavites, commonly known as Vaikhanasas of Andhra pradesh wear thirunamam on their body, which represents the lord's sign. Later it eventually attracted many Vaishnavites who formalized the temple affairs. Saint ramanujacharya, a Tamil Vaishnavite, has aggregated and started Shri Vaishnavites settlement around the Govindarajaswamy temple in the city in the 11th century. He also regularized the pujas according to aagama saastras and named the mountain as Tirumala.


There is no clear history on the origin of the temple of Lord Venkateshwara, but it was maintained and upgraded by various kingdoms. These include the Pallava Kingdom around 9th Century AD, Chola Kingdom around 10th century AD and the latest one being Vijayanagara Empire around 14th to 15th century AD. It was during the rule of Vijayanagara Empire that the temple received increased contributions.[5]

The site was an established center of Vaishnavism around 5th century A.D. during which it was praised by Alvars (Vaishnava saints). The temple rites were formalized by the Vaishnavite saint Ramanujacharya himself, in the 11th century AD.[6][7] Tirupati survived the Muslim and British invasions. It is believed that during the invasions the deity of Sriranganatha from Srirangam was brought to Tirupati for safekeeping at Ranga Mandapam.

The Madras legislature passed a special act in 1933 whereby the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam (TTD) committee was invested with powers of administration and control through a commissioner appointed by the Government of Madras.[citation needed]


Monsoon remains moderate and summer experiences temperatures ranging from 35 to 40 degrees Celsius. In winter the minimum temperatures will be between 18 and 20 degrees Celsius. Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in July, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.

Climate data for Tirupathi, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.9
Average low °C (°F) 9.7
Precipitation mm (inches) 82.0
Source: Indian Meteorological Department[8]


As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Tirupati is 459,985 and is the 9th most populous urban agglomeration in Andhra Pradesh. The sex ratio of Tirupati city is 969 females per 1000 males.

Language and culture[edit]

Telugu is the official language. Hinduism is the major religion and most of the temples in Tirupati are of Dravidian architecture. Dhoti Panche and Sellai (saree)(Cheera) are traditional attire of people here.



Sri Hari bus station is one of the largest in the state and has direct bus services to nearby towns and major cities across South India. There is a dedicated bus stand at Alipiri for buses to Tirumala. A number of buses are operated by government operator APSRTC and private operators connecting Tirupati to other major cities and towns such as Chennai, Vellore,Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam and Bangalore. Due to its proximity with Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, buses from KSRTC, TNSTC, SETC also operate to Tirupati.


Tirupati Main is a major railway station and has five platforms and presently undergoing modernization. Tirupati is well connected to major cities across India especially Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. It is also connected by Chennai sub-urban railways in North-western line. Renigunta junction which lies on the busy Chennai - Mumbai rail corridor, is 15 km away from Tirupati city.


Tirupati Airport is located 15 km from the city center and has flights to Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, New Delhi. Additionally the airport offers flights to Coimbatore, Kolkata, Mumbai. The closest international airport is located in Chennai, (Chennai International Airport) which is 130 km (81 mi) from Tirupati. The Tirupati airport is not yet upgraded to an International airport.[9]


Telugu newspapers – Andhra Bhoomi, Saakshi, Eenadu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi, Andhra Prabha, Tamil newspapers - Dinamalar, Dinakaran, Daily Thanthi and English newspapers – Deccan Chronicle, The Hindu, Indian Express, The Hans India are also available in the City. Devotional channel SVBC is telecast from Tirumala.


The town celebrates all major Hindu festivals including Deepavali, Pongal, Vaikunta Ekadasi, Rama Navami and Janmashtami with great splendor, while the Brahmotsavam celebrated every year during September is the most important festival in Tirumala when it receives millions of devotees over a short span of a week. Rathasapthami is another festival, celebrated during February, when Lord Venkateswara's idol is taken in a procession around the temple chariots.[10]

Places of interest[edit]


There are many temples in Tirupati and Tirumala. Some of them are:

Gangamma temple, Tirupati

  • Varadaraja Swamy Temple near Kapila theertham
  • Govindaraja Swamy Temple
  • Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple
  • Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Srinivasa Mangapuram
  • Kapila Theertham, dedicated to Lord Shiva and Parvati
  • Sri Nammalwar Temple [at the entrance of Kapilatheertham]
  • ISKCON Lord Krishna Temple
  • Yogimallavaram Shiva Temple
  • Anjaneya Swamy Temple
  • Vanakshamma Temple
  • Kalahastheeswarar Temple, Srikalahasti, 40 km from Tirupati
  • Venugopala Swamy Temple, Karvetinagaram, 40 km from Tirupati
  • Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Narayanavanam, 48 km from Tirupati
  • Vedanarayana Swamy Temple, Nagalapuram, about 60 km from Tirupati
  • Prasanna Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Appalayagunta, 20 km from Tirupati
  • Agusthyeswara Swamy Temple,Thondawada, 10 km from Tirupati
  • Parasurameswara Temple, Gudimallam, 20 km from Tirupati
  • Kanipakam Vinayakar Temple, 70 km from Tirupati



Tirupati is a major educational hub in Andhra Pradesh.There are several universities and colleges including state government and Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam sponsored medical, pharmacy, agricultural and engineering colleges in the city.


Sri Mahati Auditorium is a major auditorium owned and operated by TTD used exclusive for cultural and spiritual activities. There are several parks in Tirupati, of which Tirupati Municipal Park is notable, abutting the Kapilatheertham by-pass road in Tirupati. This park is ideal for an evening stroll. Dancing musical fountains here are a special attraction. The Shilparamam (Urban Haat) is located on the Tirupati-Tiruchanur road. This set up jointly by the Central and the State Tourism Departments. It houses a multipurpose auditorium with 600 seating capacity. Also has a boat club. Every Saturday and Sunday cultural programmes are conducted in the evenings. Tirupati has many cinema halls which screen Telugu, Tamil, English and Hindi movies.

Government and politics[edit]

Tirupati is a municipal corporation. It contributes a member in central parliament and a member in state legislature in Indian politics. Tirupati Urban Development Authority (TUDA) is the planning authority.

Assembly constituency

List of elected members:


See also[edit]


External links[edit]