Tiruppur

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Tiruppur
city
Tiruppur old bus stand
Tiruppur old bus stand
Nickname(s): Knit Wear Capital of India, Textile City
Tiruppur is located in Tamil Nadu
Tiruppur
Tiruppur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°07′N 77°20′E / 11.11°N 77.34°E / 11.11; 77.34Coordinates: 11°07′N 77°20′E / 11.11°N 77.34°E / 11.11; 77.34
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tiruppur
Government
 • Mayor A. Visalakshi
 • Corporation Commissioner R. Jayalakshmi[1]
Area[2]
 • city 27.19 km2 (10.50 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • city 444,352
 • Rank 5
 • Density 16,000/km2 (42,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[4] 962,982
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 6416xx
Telephone code +91-421
Vehicle registration TN-39,TN-42
Website tiruppurcorporation.tn.gov.in

Tiruppur ([t̪ɪɾɨppuːr] About this sound Tirupur.ogg ) is a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, 47 km (29 mi) from Coimbatore.[5] It is located on the banks of the Noyyal River, which bifurcates the city into roughly two-halves. It is the administrative headquarters of Tiruppur district.

Tiruppur is located in a region that was a part of the ancient Chera Empire as well as the Kongu Nadu region.The region came under the control of the British at the conclusion of the Polygar War in 1805. Tirupur was constituted as a Municipality in the year 1947. It was upgraded to a Special Grade Municipality in 1983 and further upgraded as a Corporation in 2008. The total area of the Corporation is 27.19 km2 divided into 60 wards.The total population of the city as per the 2011 census is 444,352,It is Home town of Jayavarman.

Tiruppur is a major textile and knit wear hub. The textile industry provides employment to over six lakh people and has an annual turnover of 220 billion Rupees. Of this, nearlt120 billion rupees comes from exports.[6]

Geography[edit]

Tiruppur is located at 11°06′27″N 77°20′23″E / 11.1075°N 77.3398°E / 11.1075; 77.3398.[7] It has an average elevation of 295 metres (967 feet). Tiruppur is situated on the banks of the Noyyal River. The southern part of the city enjoys more rainfall.The mean maximum and minimum temperatures for Tiruppur city during summer and winter vary between 35 to 22 °C (95 to 72 °F).

History[edit]

Some of the earliest Chola stone carvings have mentioned about "Kanchi Maanadhi" (the Noyyal River) and about the fertile sand that it deposits on its banks. It is evident from it that the land around Tiruppur was fertile and thus agriculture flourished in the region.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Tiruppur had a population of 444,352 with a sex-ratio of 955 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[10] A total of 48,802 were under the age of six, constituting 24,818 males and 23,984 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 5.47% and .06% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the city was 78.17%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[10] The city had a total of 124,617 households. There were a total of 207,358 workers, comprising 490 cultivators, 721 main agricultural labourers, 3,492 in house hold industries, 191,882 other workers, 10,773 marginal workers, 89 marginal cultivators, 74 marginal agricultural labourers, 470 marginal workers in household industries and 10,140 other marginal workers.[11]

Climate[edit]

The climate in Tiruppur can be best described as salubrious, and temperatures hardly rise beyond a certain point. The summer months in the town of Tiruppur are the months of March, April and May. The weather during these three months is very hot and dry. The maximum temperature during the summer months will be around 35 °C (95 °F) and the minimum temperature will be around 29 °C (84 °F).

The monsoon months are the months of June, July and August. These months are mainly characterized by mild showers and a reduced temperature. The post monsoon or winter months are September, October, November, December and January. These months generally have a cool climate and temperatures rarely rise beyond a maximum of around 29 °C (84 °F). The minimum temperature during this season will be around 24 °C (75 °F).[12] Due to the presence of the mountain pass, major parts of the district benefit from the south-west monsoon in the months from June to August. After a warm, humid September, the regular monsoon starts from October lasting till early November. These monsoons are brought about by the retreating North-eastern monsoon. The average annual rainfall is around 700 mm (28 in) with the North East and the South West monsoons contributing to 47% and 28% respectively to the total rainfall.

The soil is predominantly black, which is suitable for cotton cultivation, but it also has some red loamy soil. Tirupur falls under the Class III/IV seismic zone, having experienced a 6.0 Richter scale earthquake in 1900.

Climate data for Tirupur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27
(81)
30
(86)
33
(91)
34
(93)
33
(91)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F) 24
(75)
27
(81)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(86)
23
(73)
25
(77)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
22
(72)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
19
(66)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
21.2
(70.2)
Record low °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
20
(68)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18
(64)
16
(61)
12
(54)
Precipitation mm (inches) 14
(0.55)
12
(0.47)
16
(0.63)
58
(2.28)
71
(2.8)
43
(1.69)
58
(2.28)
39
(1.54)
66
(2.6)
164
(6.46)
138
(5.43)
39
(1.54)
718
(28.27)
Source: Tiruppur district collectorate
Tirupur
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
14
 
24
18
 
 
12
 
27
19
 
 
16
 
29
21
 
 
58
 
28
23
 
 
71
 
30
23
 
 
43
 
23
21
 
 
58
 
25
22
 
 
39
 
23
22
 
 
66
 
24
22
 
 
164
 
23
22
 
 
138
 
24
21
 
 
39
 
22
16
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Tiruppur district collectorate[13]

Municipal administration and politics[edit]

Tiruppur city is administered by City Municipal Corporation, headed by a Mayor and Deputy Mayor. Tiruppur Municipality was established in 1917 and was upgraded as the Tiruppur Corporation in 2008. Presently the corporation limit is 27 km2 (10 sq mi), which has been increased in 2011 as per the governments plan to include the suburbans areas Tiruppur in the Tiruppur Corporation. Tiruppur city is part of Tirupur (Lok Sabha constituency).[14] Tirupur has been split into Tirupur North and Tirupur south assembly constituencies. A new parliamentary constituency was created consisting of parts from Coimbatore, Gobichettipalayam and Palani constituencies. The current M.L.A in Tirupur North is M.S.M.Anandan (ADMK) and in Tirupur south is K. Thangavel (CPM).

Economy[edit]

Tiruppur is the "knitwear capital" of India. It has spurred up the textile industry in India for the past three decades. It contributes to a huge amount of foreign exchange in India. As of 2005, when Tiruppur was a part of Coimbatore district, Coimbatore was the highest revenue earning district in Tamil Nadu. The city being enriched as a knitwear capital of India, exports Rs. 120 billion worth of goods. Netaji Apparel Park has 53 companies manufacturing knitwear for exports. Each unit will be a model to answer the requirements of international standards in all aspects. In addition to investment of INR 920 million on infrastructure and factory buildings about INR 3 billion is being invested on machinery.[15][16] The NAP presently provides employment to 15,000 people and generates export revenue of Rs. 15 billion from the apparels produced in it.[17] There are nearly about 3000 sewing units, 1326 knitting units, 730 dyeing units and other ancillary units.[18][19] Some of the world's largest retailers including C&A, Switcher SA, Walmart, Primark, Oviesse, Switcher, Polo Ralph Lauren, Diesel, Tommy Hilfiger, M&S, FILA, H&M, Reebok import textiles and clothing from Tirupur.

Environmental issues[edit]

At the end of the year 2009 the city suffered as the cotton prices increased on account of hoardings.[20] Tirupur Exporters And Manufacturers Association (TEAMA) conducted a Huger Strike, with more 3000 People participating in it, on 10 June 2010, insisting the Central Government to Ban export of Raw Cotton and Cotton Yarn which was backed by all major industry associations in Tirupur.[21] TEAMA also called for 2 days Closure of all shops and establishments across Textile towns of Tamil Nadu. Major Associations in Textile towns of Erode, Kumarapalayam, Karur, Salem, Palladam and Rajapalayam participated in this 2-day closure and insisted the Govt. to immediately intervene and curb the export of Cotton and Cotton yarn.[22][23][24]

Tirupur Exporters Association has represented to Government that export revenues of INR 11 billion were lost and about 100,000 labours lost their job, due to closure of Dyeing units in Tirupur.[25][26]

Transport[edit]

SH-19 : Palladam - Tiruppur - Avinashi, SH-169 : Tiruppur - Somanur, SH-174 : Tiruppur - Dharapuram, SH-172- Tiruppur - Kangeyam and SH-196/SH-81 : Tiruppur - Gobichettipalayam are the highways connecting Tiruppur. Tiruppur is well connected by moffusil bus services to all major routes, towns and cities across Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra. The city has two major bus stands (Old bus stand and New Bus stand).[27] The nearest airport is the Coimbatore International Airport. It is about 45 km (28 mi) from Tiruppur. Proposals are being made to expand the Coimbatore International Airport as a green fields airport, which would eventually shift the airport to the east of the present airport and would be more easy for Tiruppur citizens to access the airport. The Tiruppur railway station falls on the Chennai - Coimbatore Broad gauge main line (laid in 1893) which is fully electrified and double tracked. Tirupur is well connected by trains.

Culture[edit]

Kumaran memorial - near railway station

Many Temples in Tiruppur were mentioned in the earliest carvings of Cholas and Pandyas.Some of the temples in Tiruppur lacks maintenance and hygienic sanitation. Many Temples here are built during the Cholas and Pandyas period.Their architecture out-matched the Temples built during the Modern days. Sukreeswarar Temple, is a 10th-century temple situated at S. Periyapalayam in the outskirts of Tiruppur city is remaining unknown to many a pilgrim tourists. The temple, which is considered one of the four 'Sirpa Sthalangal' in Kongu region, will also find a mention in the proposed web site of Tiruppur district. With 'Kurakuthali Nayanar' (Shiva) as the main deity, the shrine is an architectural delight made of neatly carved long stones reminiscing the epoch of Pandya period. An epigraphic study conducted studies at the temple reported that though the temple was built by Pandyas, different inscriptions state that the place was used by tribals to offer poojas to 'Shivalingam' as early as 5th century.[28]

The Town Hall, The New Railway over-bridge, Tiruppur Kumaran Memorial statue near the railway station, Corporation Memorial pillar (with Globe on its top) are some of the landmarks in the Tiruppur city.

Some of the common tourist locations outside the city are Sivanmalai, Nanjarayan Tank, Koolipalayam having a 440 acre wetland, Konganagiri hill hock temple, Andipalayam lake, Thirumurugan poondi, Tiruppur Tirupathi temple, Sukreeswarar temple, Avinashiappar temple, Pollachi(Coimbatore) - Valparai Balaji temple and Arulmigu Vazhai Thottathu Ayyankovil.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "commissioner". tiruppur corporation website. Retrieved 15 June 2011. 
  2. ^ "About Corporation of Tirupur". Corporation of Tirupur. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  5. ^ http://tiruppurcorp.tn.gov.in/index.html
  6. ^ "City Guide:: Tirupur:: A.C. & Refrigerators". India Catalog. Com. Retrieved 24 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Tiruppur". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 24 September 2009. 
  8. ^ Census of India,series 1,Primary Census Abstract,General Population Part B(i),pp.435;census of India 1991. Government of India. 2001. 
  9. ^ "TamilNadu Towns, Page 22". census India. 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 Jan 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Tiruppur(05904)". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 Jan 2014. 
  12. ^ "Overview". must see India. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  13. ^ "Temperature and Rainfall chart" (PDF). Tiruppur district collectorate. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  14. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu: Election Commission of India. Retrieved 11 October 2008. 
  15. ^ "About TEA". Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  16. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/news/apparel-park-in-tirupur/86272/%7CFinancial express
  17. ^ "Netaji Apparel Park project is a grand success". The Hindu. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Marine discharge facility for dyeing units hailed". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  19. ^ "Industries in Tirupur". Tirupur corporation. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  20. ^ "Textile units reel under a slew of problems". The Hindu. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  21. ^ "TEAMA seeks ban on export of cotton and yarn". Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  22. ^ "Textile industry protests export of cotton and yarn". Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "Demonstration staged against increase in yarn price". Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  24. ^ "UNPRECEDENTED RISE IN COTTON, YARN PRICES". Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "dyeing units hailed". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  26. ^ "Dyeing units asked not to work". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  27. ^ "Bus Stand". Tiruppur corporation. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  28. ^ "Sukreeswarar Temple". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 1 October 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 

External links[edit]