Tiruvannamalai district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Tiruvannamalai.
Tiruvannamalai District
திருவண்ணாமலை மாவட்டம்
District
The sacred Arunachala hill, Tiruvanamalai
The sacred Arunachala hill, Tiruvanamalai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°25′N 79°7′E / 12.417°N 79.117°E / 12.417; 79.117Coordinates: 12°25′N 79°7′E / 12.417°N 79.117°E / 12.417; 79.117
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
Region Arcaadu seemai
District Thiruvannamalai
Headquarters Thiruvannamalai
Talukas Thiruvannamalai, Cheyyar, Arani, Chengam, Polur, Vandavasi, kalasapakkam, kilpennathur, chetpet and Thandarampattu
Government
 • Collector A Gnanasekaran IAS
Area
 • Total 6,191 km2 (2,390 sq mi)
Area rank 3th[clarification needed] rank in Tamil Nadu
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,464,875
 • Rank 4th rank in Tamil Nadu
 • Density 654/km2 (1,690/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code [[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]
Vehicle registration TN-25
Coastline 0 kilometres (0 mi)
Largest city Thiruvannamalai
Largest metro Thiruvannamalai
Sex ratio 100:998 /
Literacy 79.33%
Legislature Strength 12
Lok Sabha constituency Aarani and Thiruvannamalai
Precipitation 5,646 millimetres (222.3 in)
Website /www.tiruvannamalai.tn.nic.in/

Thiruvannaamalai District is one of the 32 districts in the state of Tamil Nadu, in South India. It is formed in the year 1989 from non-existing North Arcot district as Tiruvannamalai Sambuvayar and Vellore Ambedkar. Thiruvannaamalai town is the district headquarters. The district is divided into 10 Taluks - Chengam, Thiruvannaamalai, Polur, Thandarampattu, Aarani, Vandavasi, kalasapakkam, kilpennathur, chetpet and Cheyyar. Aarani is famous for silk sarees. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,464,875 with a sex-ratio of 994 females for every 1,000 males.

History[edit]

Thiruvannamalai is one of the most venerated places in Tamil Nadu. In ancient times, the term "Annamalai" meant an inaccessible mountain. The word "Thiru" was prefixed to signify its greatness, and coupled with the two terms, it is called Thiruvannamalai.

The temple town of Thiruvannamalai is one of the most ancient heritage sites of India and is a centre of the Saiva religion. The Arunachala hill and its environs have been held in great regard by the Tamils for centuries. The temple is grand in conception and architecture and is rich in tradition, history and festivals. The main Deepam festival attracts devotees from far and wide throughout South India. It has historic places besides Thiruvannamalai, Arni, Vandavasi, Devikapuram connected to East India and French companies. In the late Chola period this district was ruled by the Cholan of Sambuvarayar having Padavedu near Arni as HQ. We can now find the fort and note along with a Shiva temple namely Kailasanathar in Arni town.

After independence Thiruvannamalai was under North Arcot District. The civil district of North Arcot was divided into Vellore district and Thiruvannamalai District in October 1989. Thiru. P.Kolappan IAS was the first Collector of Tiruvannamalai District. On the whole Thiruvannamalai is traditionally rich in Historic and spiritual values but lacks in industrial growth.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Thiruvannamalai district had a population of 2,464,875 with a sex-ratio of 994 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[2] A total of 272,569 were under the age of six, constituting 141,205 males and 131,364 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 22.94% and 3.69% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 66.%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[2] The district had a total of 588,836 households. There were a total of 1,238,177 workers, comprising 265,183 cultivators, 351,310 main agricultural labourers, 37,020 in house hold industries, 316,559 other workers, 268,105 marginal workers, 27,458 marginal cultivators, 173,753 marginal agricultural labourers, 9,700 marginal workers in household industries and 57,194 other marginal workers.[3]

Thiruvannaamalai District has an area of 6,191 km². It is bounded on the north by Vellore District, on the east by Kanchipuram District, on the south by Villupuram District, and on the west by Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts. The Thiruvannamalai district is divided into ten taluks, 27 blocks and 1,061 villages covering an area of 631,205 ha. The ten taluks of Tiruvannamalai are listed below:

Taluk Headquarters Area Population
(2011)
Pop density
1 Polur Polur 819 km³ 496,481 606 /km²
2 Thiruvannamalai-Urban Thiruvannamalai 102 km² 285,087 2,795 /km²
3 Thiruvannamalai-suburban kizh-Pennathur 622 km² 387,578 623 /km²
4 Thiruvannamalai-Rural Thandarampattu 691 km² 390,880 566 /km²
5 Arani Arani 527 km² 299,900 569 /km²
6 Cheyyar tiruvethipuram 634 km² 350,367 553 /km²
7 Kalasapakkam kalasapakkam 532 km² 312,013 549 /km²
8 savvadhu malai Jamunamarathoor 645 km² 178,897 277 /km²
9 Vandhavashee Vandavasi 645 km² 381,174 591 /km²
10 Chengam chengam 682 km² 396,588 582 /km²

List of cities having population of one lakh and above as per 2011 Census:[4]

City Population City Population
1 Tiruvannamalai 3,80,543 9 Gandhinagar-Lakshmipuram 45,571
2 Arani 1,23,783 10 Kalambur 31,751
3 Vandavasi 1,16,452 11 Vettavalam 28,059
4 Polur 1,01,420 12 Pudupalayam 25,374
5 Tiruvethipuram 87,901 13 Thyagi Annamalai Nagar 24,329
6 Chengam 74,901 14 Peranamallur 22,619
7 Chettupattu 59,580 15 Adamangalam-Pudur 21,750
8 Kalasapakkam 46,910 16 Kizh-Pennathur 21,308

The average annual rainfall of the study area[which?] is 987 mm, out of which 80 percent is received during monsoon. The soils of the study area have an Ustic moisture regime and Hyperthermic temperature regime. The Thiruvannamalai district comes under the Eastern Ghats (TN uplands) and Deccan pleateau, hot semiarid region with red loamy soil with cropping period of 90 to 150 days. Excepting hills, the district falls in the North Eastern agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu. The average annual rainfall of the study area is 987.4 mm, out of which 80 percent is received during monsoon. The soils of the study area have an Ustic moisture regime and Hyperthermic temperature regime.

Religion Population Literacy Rate Sex Ratio
Hindus 3,316,962 (92.76%) 91.88% 997
Jains 150,771 (3.09%) 76.88% 996
Christians 102,477 (2.95%) 78.60% 1070
Muslims & Others 77,107 (1.02%) 71.23% 823

It is one of the district in Tamil Nadu having lowest Muslim population having 47,000 peoples of Muslim.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Tiruvannamalai one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the six districts in Tamil Nadu currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Agriculture[edit]

Thiruvannamalai District is known for its two major businesses, agriculture and silk saree weaving. Rice cultivation and processing is one of the biggest businesses in this district. 112013 hectares of paddy cultivation is irrigated by 1965 lakes and 18 reservoirs and small dams. It has 18 regulated markets through which the farmers sell their agri products directly to the government. Through these regulated markets, 271411 metric tonnes of paddy harvested in 2007. There are lot of rice mills to process paddy found throughout the district. The modern rice mill near Cheyyar is the biggest government owned mill and Aarani has around 278 rice mills. Kalambur is known for a variety of rice called Kalambur Ponni rice.

Silk Weaving[edit]

The district has a large populace of weavers from Sengunthar caste, who specialize in making Silk sarees. Hand looms are often engaged for weaving, although recently some have turned to mechanized methods of using Power looms. Arni is the most important revenue earning town in the district. Though the town is not popular off the state, a bulk of India's Silk apparels is produced by the people of Arni.[citation needed]

Industrialization[edit]

The district started to industrialize following the establishment of the industrial complex near Cheyyar by the State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu (SIPCOT).[6] This is evidenced by the recent announcements of a 250-acre (1.0 km2) hi-tech Special Economic Zone for automative components, a 300-acre (1.2 km2) electronics hardware park and the commitment from the Taiwanese Shoe Company to set up its unit.[7] On Nov, 2009 Tamil Nadu cabinet approved the Mahindara & Mahindra's Rs 1800 core automobile project in 450 acrs. This unit will produce tractors, SUVs and commercial vehicles and auto parts.[8] Aluminum die cast unit by Ashley Alteams, a joint venture by Ashok Leyland and Finland-based Alteams Oy started its production on Jan, 2010.[9] This High pressure die cast will maanufacture automobile and telecommunication components with initial capacity of 7000 ton per year.[10] One of the largest sugar mills in the country - Cheyyar co-operative sugars - is situated near Cheyyar.

Factories[edit]

Being thiruvannamalai district has its capital at thiruvannamalai city, there is lot of factories at around thiruvannamalai . scent factories are large in number due to high production of flower around thiruvannamalai.they are listed as follows.1.Hindusthan house hold factories,2.Sarala birla factoriy of aroma oil 3.parthiban iyer cottage oil factory. our Tamil Nadu government is palnning for a SIPCOT at naidumangalam and kilpennathur both near thiruvannamalai.

Tourism[edit]

Sri Seshadri Swamigal Ashram: Mahan Sri Seshadri Swamigal lived in the late 20th Century. Sri Seshadri Swamigal Ashram is one of the holy places in this Thiruvannamalai. People from all over the world visit this Ashram, which is situated near the Sri Ramana Ashra the people who visit here.

Sri Ramana Ashram: Mahan Sri Ramana Maharshi lived in Thiruvannamalai town. Sri Ramana Ashram is one the holy places in this town. People from a the world visit his Ashram. He attained mukhti in the year 1950.

Yogi Ram Surathkumar Ashram: Yogi Ram Surathkumar Ashram, also known as Visiri Samiyar Ashram, is one of the beautiful place in our Town. It is situated near the Ramana Ashram. Devotees from all over the world visit Yogi Ram Surathkumar Ashram. He attained mukthi in the year of 2000.

Sathanur Dam Park

Sathanur Dam: Sathanur dam is one of the major dam constructed across Pennaiyar River among Chennakesava Hills. This Dam was constructed during the year 1958. It has beautiful parks and a mini zoo. The garden is dotted with colourful statues. There is a swimming pool

Jawadhu Hills is situated 75 km from Thiruvannamalai. The cliffs and precipices of hills allure and excite tourists. Places of interest in the Jawadhu hills are Beema Falls, Komutteri Lake, Kavalur Observatory, Amirthi Forest, and the Glass House.

Devikapuram is situated 50 km from Thiruvannamalai. Here 600 years old Sri Periyanayagi amman Temple (Second biggest temple in Tiruvannamalai district) and Sri Kanagagiri Hill temple is famous for devotees all over Tamil Nadu.

Arahanthgiri Jain Math[edit]

Arahanthgiri Jain Math is a Jain Math that was established at this ancient Jain site on 8 February 1998.[11] The complex includes 3 Jain caves, 4 Jain temples and a 16 meter high sculpture of Neminatha thought to date from the 12th century that is the tallest Jain image in Tamil Nadu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census of India" (Excel). Indian government. 16 April 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thiruvannamalai district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Census of India 2011: Provisional Population Totals. Cities having population 1 lakh and above.
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ "SIPCOT.com website". Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  7. ^ "TN setting up electronic hardware park". Business Line. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  8. ^ "TN clears M&M's 1800 cr auto project near Chennai". The Times Of India. 2009-11-12. 
  9. ^ Jagannathan, K. T. (20 January 2010). "Ashley Atleams plant inaugurated at Cheyyar". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  10. ^ http://machinist.in/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2554&Itemid=2
  11. ^ "Arihantagiri - Tirumalai". Retrieved April 10, 2012.