|Molar mass||59.89 g/mol|
|Melting point||3,160 °C (5,720 °F; 3,430 K)|
|Boiling point||4,820 °C (8,710 °F; 5,090 K)|
|Solubility in water||insoluble in water|
|Crystal structure||Cubic, cF8|
|Space group||Fm3m, No. 225|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Titanium carbide, TiC, is an extremely hard (Mohs 9-9.5) refractory ceramic material, similar to tungsten carbide. It has the appearance of black powder with the sodium chloride (face-centered cubic) crystal structure. It occurs in nature as a form of the very rare mineral khamrabaevite - (Ti,V,Fe)C.
Titanium carbide is used in preparation of cermets, which are frequently used to machine steel materials at high cutting speed. It is also used as an abrasion-resistant surface coating on metal parts, such as tool bits and watch mechanisms. Titanium carbide is also used as a heat shield coating for atmospheric reentry of spacecraft.
Titanium carbide has an elastic modulus of approximately 400GPa and a shear modulus of 188GPa.
Manufacturing and machining
The resistance to wear, corrosion, and oxidation of a tungsten carbide-cobalt material can be increased by adding 6-30% of titanium carbide to tungsten carbide. This forms a solid solution that is more brittle and susceptible to breakage.
- Metallocarbohedryne, a family of metal-carbon clusters including Ti
- Chang, R; Graham, L (1966). Applied Physics 37: 3778.
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