Titlis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Titlis
TitlisgletscherSommer2008.jpg
Titlis
Elevation 3,238 m (10,623 ft)
Prominence 974 m (3,196 ft)[1]
Parent peak Dammastock
Listing Canton high point
Location
Titlis is located in Switzerland
Titlis
Titlis
Location in Switzerland
Location Obwalden/Berne, Switzerland
Range Urner Alps
Coordinates 46°46′21″N 8°26′14″E / 46.77250°N 8.43722°E / 46.77250; 8.43722Coordinates: 46°46′21″N 8°26′14″E / 46.77250°N 8.43722°E / 46.77250; 8.43722
Climbing
First ascent 1739

Mount Titlis (3,238 m) is a mountain in the Urner Alps of Switzerland. It is located on the border between the cantons of Obwalden and Berne in Switzerland, overlooking Engelberg (Obwalden) and is famous as the site of the world's first revolving cable car. The cable car system connects Engelberg to the summit of Klein Titlis (3,028 m) through the three stages of Gerschnialp (1,262 m), Trübsee (1,796 m) and Stand (2,428 m).

The last part of cable car way leads above the glacier. At Klein Titlis, it is possible to visit an illuminated glacier cave from an entrance within the cable-car station, which also includes shops and restaurants. The Titlis Cliff Walk, the highest elevation suspension bridge in Europe, opened in December 2012, giving views across the Alps.

Geography[edit]

The south-east spur seen from the Grassen

Titlis straddles the border between Obwalden and Berne, its massif being also partially located in Nidwalden.[2] The mountain is located between the municipalities of Engelberg on the north and Gadmen on the south. East of Titlis is the Grassen, where the borders between the cantons of Obwalden, Berne and Uri converge. The Geographical centre of Switzerland is situated about 15 kilometers west of the mountain.

Titlis is the highest mountain in the portion of the Urner Alps north of the Susten Pass. This part of the range is located between the valleys of the Hasli (west) and the Reuss (east), thus separating the waters feeding the basins of the Aar and Reuss respectively. On the north side the valley of Engelberg (Engelbergertal) is drained by the Engelberger Aa, a tributary of the Reuss. The valley is located southwards from Lake Lucerne.

The northern side of the massif is covered by the Titlis Glacier (Titlisgletscher). The south steep and rocky face rises above the Wenden Glacier. The east side overlooks a glacier named Firnalpeligletscher.

History[edit]

In earlier times, Titlis was known under the names Wendenstock or Nollen. The Reissend Nollen and the Wendenstöcke are the nearest western neighbours to the mountain, slightly lower than Titlis, but with sharp rugged peaks.[3] In a document of 1435 the mountain is called Tuttelsberg (Tutilos mountain), referencing to a man named Tutilos, who was probably a local farmer. The name, from Tutilos Berg, became Titlisberg and later Titlis.[4]

The first ascent of Titlis was probably made in the year 1739. It was done by Ignaz Herz, J. E. Waser and two other men from Engelberg.[5] The first written evidence of an ascent is found in the Engelberger Dokumente. They mention a party of four men that reached the summit in 1744.[3]

On 21 January 1904 the first ski ascent of Titlis was made by Joseph Kuster and Willi Amrhein.[6]

In March 1967 the cable car to Klein Titlis (3,032 m) was inaugurated.

In December 2012, the Titlis Cliff Walk opened to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Engelberg-Gerschnialp cableway.

Weather[edit]

The summit of Titlis is located above the snow line, thus it has a cold, snowy climate with permanent snow cover and freezing temperatures.

Climate data for Jungfraujoch
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10.3
(13.5)
−10.7
(12.7)
−9.8
(14.4)
−7.8
(18)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
1.7
(35.1)
1.6
(34.9)
0.2
(32.4)
−2.5
(27.5)
−7.2
(19)
−9.2
(15.4)
−4.9
(23.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.6
(7.5)
−14.2
(6.4)
−13.1
(8.4)
−10.8
(12.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
−5.2
(22.6)
−10.4
(13.3)
−12.3
(9.9)
−7.9
(17.8)
Average low °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−16.8
(1.8)
−15.7
(3.7)
−13.4
(7.9)
−9
(16)
−5.9
(21.4)
−3.4
(25.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
−5.1
(22.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−12.8
(9)
−15.3
(4.5)
−10.4
(13.3)
Source: MeteoSchweiz [7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Retrieved from the Swisstopo topographic maps and Google Earth. The key col is the Susten Pass (2,264 m).
  2. ^ The Rotstöckli (2,901 m) is the highest point on the Nidwalden side
  3. ^ a b Titlis brauchtumschweiz.ch. Retrieved 2010-02-16
  4. ^ Berge und ihre Namen berge.ch. Retrieved 2010-02-16
  5. ^ Kev Reynolds, Alpine pass route: Sargans to Montreux, p. 82
  6. ^ History of skiing fis-ski.com. Retrieved 2010-02-16
  7. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. 

External links[edit]