Tiu Keng Leng
The area used to be a refugee village housing former Kuomintang officials and follower who escaped to Hong Kong from Mainland China after the establishment of the People's Republic of China (PRC); however, the original Rennie's Mill village was cleared before Hong Kong's sovereignty transfer to the PRC in 1997, and nowadays Tiu Keng Leng is thoroughly redeveloped as part of the Tseung Kwan O New Town.
The earliest traceable name referring to the area nowadays known as Tiu Keng Leng was "Chiu Keng Leng" (照鏡嶺, lit. ridge of mirror reflection), being a reference to the clearness and calmness of the adjacent bay. The name was given by Tanka residents in the area.
Rennie's Mill got its name from a Canadian businessman named Alfred Herbert Rennie, who established the Hong Kong Milling Company at Junk Bay (his partners were Paul Chater and Hormusjee Naorojee Mody). The business failed, and Rennie drowned himself there in 1908, but was mistakenly reported that he hanged himself to death at that time. The incident gave the Chinese name for the site 吊頸嶺 (Tiu Keng Leng / Jyutping: diu3 geng2 leng5), meaning "Hanging (neck) Ridge", a pun on the name "Chiu Keng Leng" mentioned above. Because it was inauspicious, the name was later changed to similar sounding 調景嶺 (Tiu King Leng / Jyutping: tiu4 ging2 leng5, which can be interpreted as "ridge of adjusting situation".)
On June 26, 1950 the Hong Kong Government's Social Welfare Office (the predecessor of the Social Welfare Department) settled a considerable number of refugees from China - former Nationalist soldiers and other Kuomintang supporters (according to official government account, there were 6,800 of them) - at Rennie's Mill, following the Chinese Civil War. The Hong Kong Government's original intention was to settle these refugees temporarily before they would be repatriated to Taiwan by the Kuomintang or to Mainland China by the Chinese Communist. But this day never came for the Kuomintang (under the auspices of a political-oriented charitable body named Free China Relief Association which became prominent after the government suspended food ration in 1953), the residents of the enclave became more supportive to the Kuomintang cause. Thus, by the late-1950s, in correlation with the Cold War context in Asia at the time, Rennie's Mill gradually became a Little Taiwan and a Bastion Against Communism, with the flag of the Republic of China flying, its own school system and practically off-limits to the Royal Hong Kong Police Force until 1962 when the Hong Kong Government decided to turn it into a resettlement estate due to its apprehension of the growing Kuomintang presence in the enclave. It also had a significant missionary presence. Despite its pro-Kuomintang atmosphere, the 1967 Riots did not have an effect on Rennie's Mill.
In 1996 the Hong Kong government finally evicted the last of Rennie's Mill's residents, ostensibly to make room for new town developments, as part of the Tseung Kwan O New Town, but widely believed to be a move to please the Communist Chinese government before Hong Kong reverted to Communist Chinese rule in 1997.
Tiu Keng Leng nowadays is a fully developed residential district.
Metro Town is a private housing estate situated directly above the Tiu Keng Leng Station. With 9 towers built on top of a carpark/shopping mall podium, it is the tallest structure in the area.
To the south of Metro Town, by the seashore, also a private housing estate, is Ocean Shores. The site was previously used by Shiu Wing for its steelmill.
Before the redevelopment and reclamation in the surrounding area, Rennie's Mill could be reached by the winding, hilly and narrow Po Lam Road South, which ran past numerous busy quarries. At that time, Rennie's Mill's only means of public transport were the routes 90 and 290 of Kowloon Motor Bus, which were operated by minibuses, and by water transport.
Hong Kong Design Institute located across the street from Metro Town is well known for the shape of its building. Designed by French architects Coldefy & Associs, it resembles a piece of paper floating mid-air featuring a glazed box raised seven storeys above the ground on four lattice-steel towers that rest on a sloping, grass-covered podium. Total construction cost amounted to HK$1.2 billion, it was opened in November 2010.
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