Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry
|Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry|
Self-portrait (around 1900)
|Born||July 5, 1853
Kisszeben, Sáros County, Kingdom of Hungary (now Sabinov, Slovakia)
|Died||June 20, 1919
Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈtivɒdɒr ˈkostkɒ ˈt͡ʃontvaːri]; born 1853 - d. 1919) was a Hungarian painter who was part of the avant-garde movement of the early twentieth century. Working mostly in Budapest, he was one of the first Hungarian painters to become known in Europe. On 15 December 2006 the Kieselbach Gallery in Budapest sold an auction the most expensive Csontváry painting so far. The Rendezvous (1902) ("Meeting of the lovers") was bought by an anonymous client for more than one million EUR.
Csontváry was born on 5 July 1853 in Kisszeben, Sáros County, Kingdom of Hungary (today Sabinov, Slovakia), and died 20 June 1919 in Budapest. His ancestors were Poles who settled in Hungary. Although Csontváry was obsessed with his Magyar roots, he grew up speaking Slovak mixed with German. He was a pharmacist until his twenties.
On the hot sunny afternoon of 13 October 1880, when he was 27 years old, he had a mystic vision. He heard a voice saying, "You will be the greatest sunway painter, greater than Raphael!" He took journeys around Europe, visited the galleries of the Vatican, and returned to Hungary to earn money for his journeys by working as an apothecary. From 1890, he traveled around the world. He visited Paris, the Mediterraneum (Dalmatia, Italy, Greece), North Africa and the Middle East (Lebanon, Palestine, Egypt, Syria) and painted pictures. Often his pictures are very large, several metres wide and height is not unusual.
He painted his major works between 1903 and 1909. He had some exhibitions in Paris (1907) and Western Europe. Most of the critics in Western Europe recognized his abilities, art and congeniality, but in the Kingdom of Hungary during his life, he was considered to be an eccentric crank for several reasons, e. g. for his vegetarianism, anti-alcoholism, anti-smoking, pacifism, and his cloudy, prophetic writings and pamphlets about his life (Curriculum), genius (The Authority, The Genius) and religious philosophy (The Positivum). Some of his biographists considered this as a latent, but increasingly disruptive schizophrenia. Although he was later acclaimed, during his lifetime Csontváry found little understanding for his visionary, expressionistic style. A loner by nature, his “failure” impaired his creative power.
He painted more than one hundred pictures, the most famous and emblematic of which is probably The Lonely Cedar (Magányos cédrus) . His art connects with post-impressionism and expressionism, but he was an autodidact and cannot be classified into one style. He identified as a "sunway"-painter, a term which he created.
Pilgrimage to the Cedars of Lebanon, 1907, Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
The praying Prophet (The Young Man from Nain), 1903.
- The Csontváry Museum in Pécs, Hungary, was founded in his honor and holds many of his works.
- "I, Tivadar Kosztka , who gave up his prime of youth for the rebirth of the world, accepting the call of the invisible Spirit, had a regular civil job, comfort, wealth then (...) Going to Paris in 1907 I oppositely stood alone in front of millions with only the result of the divine providence, and I beat the vanity of the world hollow, but I haven't killed 10 million people, only sobered them, I haven't made commercials from things, because I didn't care for the pedlar's press; I retired from the world instead, going to the top of the Lebanons, and I painted cedars."
- T., Cs. K.: The Positivum.
- Mansbach, Steven A.; V. West, Richard (1991). Standing in the tempest: painters of the Hungarian avant-garde, 1908-1930. Santa Barbara Museum of Art. ISBN 978-0-262-13274-9.
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- An extremely high-res photo of painting Ruins of Greek Theatre at Taormina (courtesy of Hungarian National Gallery)
- Csontváry Museum, Pécs
- Fine Arts in Hungary
- Short biography
- Csontváry (1980) at the Internet Movie Database
- Csontvary on the Oceanbidge
- Csontvary in Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
- Galery of Tatras
- His connection with Slovakia nr. 1
- His connection with Slovakia nr. 2