Tivat Airport

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Tivat Airport
Аеродром Тиват
Tivat.jpg

IATA: TIVICAO: LYTV

TIV is located in Montenegro
TIV
TIV
Location of airport in Montenegro
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Airports of Montenegro
Serves Tivat, Montenegro
Hub for Montenegro Airlines
Elevation AMSL 20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates 42°24′17″N 18°43′24″E / 42.40472°N 18.72333°E / 42.40472; 18.72333
Website montenegroairports.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14/32 8,202 2,500 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft movements 5,235
Number of passengers 900,331[1]

Tivat Airport (Montenegrin Аеродром Тиват, Aerodrom Tivat) (IATA: TIVICAO: LYTV) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin coastal town of Tivat and the surrounding region.

The airport is situated 3 km (1.9 mi) south of the centre of Tivat, with the runway aligned with the Tivat Field (Montenegrin: Tivatsko polje).

It is the busiest one of two international airports in Montenegro, the other being Podgorica Airport. Traffic at the airport follows the highly seasonal nature of the tourism industry in coastal Montenegro, with 80% of the total volume of passengers being handled during the peak season (June-August). It has been one of the fastest growing airports in the region, with 19,7% increase in the passenger traffic in 2013.

Overview[edit]

Tivat airport is located right next to the city of Tivat, 7 km (4 mi) from the center of Kotor, and some 19 km (12 mi) north-west of Budva, one of the most popular tourist destinations on the eastern Adriatic coast. The sole runway of the airport ends just 88 m (289 ft) from the coastline of the Bay of Kotor.

Tivat Airport is assigned 4D classification by ICAO,[2] airspace class D, and is noted for its challenging approach and landing procedures. Approach and landing procedures are demanding because of the hilly terrain and strong crosswinds. Runway 32 approach implies descent into the valley of Tivatsko polje,[3] and a 20° turn for runway alignment just before landing. Runway 14 approach is even more challenging, because of the circle to land maneuver executed in the dramatic scenery surrounding the Bay of Kotor.It's known among the pilots as the European KaiTak because of its tricky approach and landing procedures.Passengers are awarded spectacular views of the bay, the surrounding mountains and a low flyby over Porto Montenegro luxury yacht marina.

Year-round services from the airport include Belgrade and Moscow, however, more than 80% of the traffic is concentrated in the summer period, with the introduction of seasonal and charter flights. With the opening of Porto Montenegro and introduction of other high end tourist services, the airport increasingly caters to business jets.

Adriatic Highway (E65/E80) passes right by the passenger terminal, making the airport easily accessible from the entire northern part of Montenegrin coast.

History[edit]

The airport in Tivat was opened on May 30, 1957, as a small airport with a single grass runway (1200 m x 80 m) a small apron (30 m x 30 m) and a terminal building complete with control tower. From 1957 to 1968, activity at the airport consisted mostly of domestic passenger traffic to Belgrade, Zagreb and Skopje, with JAT Douglas DC-3 and Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft.

From 1968 to 1971, the airport underwent expansion and modernization. It was reopened on September 25, 1971, with an asphalt runway (2500 m x 45 m), larger apron (450 m x 70 m), extended taxiways, and completely new passenger terminal and control tower. After the 1979 earthquake, the airport was once again refurbished. Notably, the apron was expanded (460 m x 91,5 m) and taxiways widened, so the airport could handle wide body aircraft.[4]

On April 23, 2003, the ownership of the airport was transferred from Jat Airways to Airports of Montenegro Public Company, owned by Government of Montenegro. Since then, the airport was once again modernized and refurbished, with reconstructed passenger terminal opening on June 03, 2006. In October 2007, South Korea made a government donation valued at $1 million for a new airport equipment ranging from cargo-loaders to flight information display system.[5][6] Further reforms came in 2008 when several old types of passenger aircraft such as the Ilyushin Il-86 were permanently banned from flying to Tivat and subsequently redirected to Podgorica Airport due to noise abatement.[7]

However, as passenger traffic in the mid-2010s approaches the one-million mark, and strong growth continues, the passenger terminal is a bottleneck in peak summer months. Thus, a new passenger terminal is planned at Tivat Airport in the near future, along with further expansion of airport facilities.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Below is a list of scheduled services throughout all seasons from Tivat Airport according to the Montenegrin Airports Authority:[8]

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
Seasonal: St. Petersburg
Air Berlin Seasonal: Munich[9]
Air Serbia Belgrade
Atlantic Airways Seasonal charter: Billund
Aviatrans Kiev Seasonal charter: Kiev-Zhuliany, Lviv, Odessa
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku[10]
Belavia Seasonal: Minsk-International
B&H Airlines Seasonal charter: Banja Luka[11]
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Oslo-Gardermoen
Khors Air Seasonal charter: Kharkiv, Kiev-Zhuliany, Lviv, Odessa, Zaporozhye
Kolavia Moscow-Domodedovo
Montenegro Airlines Belgrade, Moscow-Domodedovo[12]
Seasonal: London-Gatwick, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, St. Petersburg
Charter: Bari, Naples[13]
Seasonal charter: Basel-Mulhouse[14]
Nordstar Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen
Red Wings Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo
S7 Airlines
operated by Globus Airlines
Moscow-Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Seasonal: Brussels
Transaero Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo[15] St. Petersburg
Travel Service Airlines Seasonal charter: Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal charter: Donetsk, Kharkiv, Kiev-Boryspil, Lviv, Odessa, Zaporozhye
Ural Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, St. Petersburg
Seasonal: Chelyabinsk, Samara, Yekaterinburg
VIM Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Windrose Airlines Seasonal charter: Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kharkiv, Kiev-Boryspil, Lviv, Odessa[16]
Yamal Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo, St. Petersburg
Seasonal charter: Perm

Statistics[edit]

Tivat Airport Passengers (in thousands)
Traffic figures at Tivat Airport
Year Passengers Change Aircraft movements Change
2007 573,914 4,078
2008 570,636 Decrease1% 4,630 Increase14%
2009 532,156 Decrease7% 4,226 Decrease9%
2010 541,836 Increase2% 4,046 Decrease4%
2011 647,169 Increase19% 4,531 Increase12%
2012 725,392 Increase12% 4,605 Increase2%
2013 868,423 Increase20% 5,235 Increase14%

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Tivat Airport at Wikimedia Commons