Tiverton (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tiverton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Devon
18851997
Number of members One
Replaced by Tiverton & Honiton
1621–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Tiverton was a constituency located in east Devon, formerly represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Enfranchised as a parliamentary borough in 1615 and first represented in 1621, it elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the first past the post system of election until 1885. The name was then transferred to a county constituency electing one MP. (Between 1885 and 1918, the constituency was alternatively called Devon, North East.)

In 1997, it was merged with the neighbouring constituency of Honiton to form the Tiverton and Honiton constituency.

Prime Minister Lord Palmerston was a former MP for the seat.

History[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The borough of Tiverton; the urban districts of Dawlish and Teignmouth; the rural district of Tiverton; and the rural district of St Thomas except the parishes included in the Honiton constituency.

1974-1983: The borough of Tiverton; the urban districts of Crediton, Dawlish, and Teignmouth; the rural districts of Crediton and Tiverton; and the parishes of Alphington, Ashcombe, Ashton, Brampford Speke, Bridford, Broad Clyst, Christow, Clyst Hydon, Clyst St Lawrence, Doddiscombsleigh, Dunchideock, Dunsford, Exminster, Holcombe Burnell, Huxham, Ide, Kenn, Kenton, Mamhead, Nether Exe, Poltimore, Powderham, Rewe, Shillingford St George, Stoke Canon, Tedburn St Mary, Upton Pyne, Whimple, and Whitestone in the rural district of St Thomas.

1983-1997: The District of Mid Devon wards of Boniface, Bradninch, Cadbury, Canal, Canonsleigh, Castle, Clare, Cullompton Outer, Cullompton Town, Culm, East Creedy, Halberton, Lawrence, Lowman, Newbrooke, Paullet, Sandford, Shuttern, Silverton, Upper Culm, Upper Yeo, Westexe North, Westexe South, Willand, and Yeo; and the District of East Devon wards of Broadclyst, Clystbeare, Clyst Valley, Exe Valley, Ottery St Mary Rural, Ottery St Mary Town, and Tale Vale.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Tiverton borough, 1621–1885[edit]

Year First member[1] First party Second member[1] Second party
1621–1622 John Bampfield John Davie
1624-March 1625 Sir George Chudleigh Humphrey Were
April–August 1625 Rowland St John John Francis
December 1625 – 1626 John Drake sat for Devon
replaced by Richard Oliver
Peter Ball
1628–1629 John Bluett
No Parliament summoned 1629-40
April 1640 Peter Sainthill Royalist Peter Ball
November 1640 George Hartnall Royalist
January 1644 Sainthill and Hartnall disabled from sitting - both seats vacant
1646 Robert Shapcote John Elford
December 1648 Shapcote excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant Elford not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Tiverton was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Robert Shapcote Tiverton had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656
January 1659 Francis Warner Sir Coplestone Bampfylde
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Robert Shapcote Thomas Bampfylde
July 1660 Roger Colman
November 1660 Henry Newte
1661 Sir Thomas Carew, Bt Sir Thomas Stucley
1664 Sir Henry Ford
1673 Samuel Foote
1685 Sir Hugh Acland William Colman
1689 Samuel Foote
1690 Thomas Bere
1691 Sir Anthony Keck (MP)
1695 Lord Spencer Whig
1702 Robert Burridge
1708 Richard Mervin
1710 [2] Sir Edward Northey John Worth
1715 Thomas Bere
1722 Arthur Arscott
1726 George Deane
1727 Sir William Yonge, Bt [3] Whig
1728 by-election James Nelthorpe
1734 (Sir) Dudley Ryder
July 1747 Sir William Yonge, Bt [3] Whig
December 1747 by-election Henry Conyngham [4]
1754 Sir William Yonge, Bt Whig Henry Pelham
1755 by-election Thomas Ryder
1756 by-election Nathaniel Ryder
1758 by-election Sir Edward Hussey-Montagu
1762 by-election Charles Gore
1768 Sir John Duntze, Bt
1776 by-election John Eardley Wilmot
1784 Hon. Dudley Ryder Tory
1795 by-election Hon. Richard Ryder Tory
1803 by-election William Fitzhugh Tory
1819 by-election Viscount Sandon Tory
1830 Hon. Granville Ryder Tory
1831 Spencer Perceval Tory
1832 John Heathcoat Whig James Kennedy[5] Radical
1835 by-election The Viscount Palmerston Whig
1859 Hon. George Denman Liberal Liberal
1865 John Walrond, of Bradfield, Uffculme Conservative
1866 by-election Hon. George Denman Liberal
1868 John Heathcoat-Amory Liberal
1872 by-election William Nathaniel Massey Liberal
1881 by-election Viscount Ebrington Liberal
1885 Reduced to one member

County constituency, 1885–1997[edit]

Election Member[1] Party
1885 Sir William Walrond Conservative
1906 Hon. William Walrond Conservative
1915 by-election Charles Carew Conservative
1922 Herbert Sparkes Conservative
1923 by-election Sir Francis Dyke Acland, Bt Liberal
1924 Gilbert Acland-Troyte Conservative
1945 Derick Heathcoat-Amory Conservative
1960 by-election Robin Maxwell-Hyslop Conservative
1992 Angela Browning Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Tiverton & Honiton

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 25,925

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 9,598 57.2
Liberal Sir Edward Penton 4,827 28.7
Labour Rev. Donald B Fraser 2,377 14.1
Majority 4,771 28.5
Turnout 64.8
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Francis Acland
General Election 1922

Electorate 27,452

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Herbert Weston Sheppard Sparkes 10,304 46.9 -10.3
Liberal Rt Hon. Francis Dyke Acland 10,230 46.5
Labour Frederick Brown 1,457 6.6
Majority 74 0.4
Turnout 80.1 +5.3
Unionist hold Swing
Tiverton by-election, 1923

Electorate 27,452

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Francis Dyke Acland 12,041 49.8 +3.4
Conservative Gilbert John Acland Troyte 11,639 48.1 +1.2
Independent Labour Frederick Brown 495 2.1 -4.6
Majority 403 2.0 2.4
Turnout 24,174 88.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.2
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate 28,151

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Francis Dyke Acland 12,303 50.0
Conservative Gilbert John Acland Troyte 12,300 50.0
Majority 3 0.0 -1.8
Turnout 87.4
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 28,331

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Gilbert John Acland Troyte 13,601 53.2 +3.2
Liberal Rt Hon. Francis Dyke Acland 11,942 46.8 -3.2
Majority 1,659 6.4 6.4
Turnout 90.2
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +3.2
General Election 1929

Electorate 35,436

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Gilbert John Acland Troyte 15,423 50.5 -2.7
Liberal Dingle Mackintosh Foot 12,908 42.3 -4.5
Labour Heyman W Wreford-Glanville 2,199 7.2 n/a
Majority 2,515 8.2
Turnout 86.2 -4.0
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gilbert John Acland Troyte unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1935

Electorate 38,179

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Gilbert John Acland Troyte unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945

Electorate 44,567

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lt-Col. Derick Heathcoat-Amory 16,919 51.3 n/a
Labour GC Tompson 8,634 26.2 n/a
Liberal Lt-Col. Cyril Harry Blackburn 7,418 22.5 n/a
Majority 8,285 25.1 n/a
Turnout 74.0 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Derick Heathcoat-Amory 20,606 52.11
Labour Albert Edward Patrick Duffy 12,055 30.48
Liberal Cyril Harry Blackburn 6,885 17.41
Majority 8,551 21.62
Turnout 46,536 84.98
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Derick Heathcoat-Amory 24,532 63.53
Labour Albert Edward Patrick Duffy 14,084 36.47
Majority 10,448 27.06
Turnout 81.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Derick Heathcoat-Amory 23,475 64.27
Labour Albert Edward Patrick Duffy 13,051 35.73
Majority 10,424 28.54
Turnout 76.32
Conservative hold Swing
1959 General Election: Tiverton[6]

Electorate 48,416

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Derick Heathcoat-Amory 21,714 55.6
Labour Dr. John Elliot Orr Dunwoody 9,836 25.2
Liberal James J Collier 7,504 19.2
Majority 11,878 30.4
Turnout 39,054 80.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Tiverton by-election, 1960[7]

Electorate 48,956

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 15,308 45.7
Liberal James J Collier 12,268 36.7
Labour Raymond F H Dobson 5,895 17.6
Majority 3,040 9.0
Turnout 33,471 68.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Tiverton[8]

Electorate 50,854

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 19,280 47.3
Liberal James J Collier 14,053 34.5
Labour John T Mitchard 7,393 18.2
Majority 5,227 12.8
Turnout 40,726 80.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 20,351 48.57
Labour F Keith Taylor 11,325 27.03
Liberal Frank J Suter 10,225 24.40
Majority 9,026 21.54
Turnout 80.72
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 24,689 55.18
Labour Roy Hewetson 10,823 24.19
Liberal Frank J Suter 9,229 20.63
Majority 13,866 30.99
Turnout 77.01
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 27,164 47.58
Liberal Frank J Suter 21,623 37.87
Labour Roy Hewetson 8,308 14.55
Majority 5,541 9.70
Turnout 82.36
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 25,265 46.68
Liberal Frank J Suter 19,911 36.79
Labour M Phillips 8,946 16.53
Majority 5,354 9.89
Turnout 77.45
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 33,444 56.74
Liberal David J Morrish 17,215 29.21
Labour AWF Cook 8,281 14.05
Majority 16,229 27.53
Turnout 79.25
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 27,101 54.78
Liberal David J Morrish 19,215 38.84
Labour DA Gorbutt 3,154 6.38
Majority 7,886 15.94
Turnout 77.51
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1987: Tiverton
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robin John Maxwell-Hyslop 29,875 54.95
Liberal David J Morrish 20,663 38.00
Labour JA Northam 3,400 6.25
Independent WJ Jones 434 0.80
Majority 9,212 16.94
Turnout 79.71
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Tiverton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Angela Browning 30,376 51.5 -3.4
Liberal Democrat DN Cox 19,287 32.7 -5.3
Labour Ms. SC Gibb 5,950 10.1 +3.8
Liberal David J Morrish 2,225 3.8 -34.2
Green PJ Foggitt 1,007 1.7 +1.7
Natural Law BC Rhodes 96 0.2 +0.2
Majority 11,089 18.8 +1.9
Turnout 58,941 83.3 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.9

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ At the general election of 1710, three candidates - Thomas Bere, Richard Mervin and John Worth - all received an equal number of votes and the returning officer made a double return. The House of Commons resolved on 1 December 1710 that the election was void, and a new poll was held at which Worth and Sir Edward Northey were elected (Bere having in the interim been appointed a Commissioner of the Victualling Office).
  3. ^ a b Yonge was also elected for Honiton, which he chose to represent, and did not sit for Tiverton in this Parliament
  4. ^ Created The Lord Mountcharles (in the peerage of Ireland), September 1753
  5. ^ Kennedy's election in 1832 was declared void "due to lack of qualification". A by-election was held on 4 May 1833, when he was re-elected
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; F W S Craig, Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; F W S Craig, Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; F W S Craig, Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 

Sources[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
vacant. Last was City of London in 1852
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1855–1858
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was this constituency, in 1859
Preceded by
vacant. Last was this constituency, in 1858
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1859–1865
Succeeded by
vacant. Next was Buckinghamshire in 1868
Preceded by
Monmouth
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
1958–1960
Succeeded by
Wirral