Tiwari

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Chandrasekhar Azad, a leading revolutionary, was born in a Tiwari family.
Manoj Tiwary about to catch a ball at fielding practice.
Laxmi Ganesh Tewari, ethnomusicologist, singer performing, February 2007, photograph by Linnea Mullins

Tiwari (Sanskrit: तिवारी; Hindi: तिवारी) is a Hindu Brahmin surname found mostly in the northern and central parts of India and Nepal. It is also used by some Bhumihar clans.

About the surname Tiwari[edit]

Its other forms are Tewari, Tewary, Tiwary, Tewaree, Tewarey, Tripathi, Tripathy and Trivedi. It means "versed in three vedas". While Tiwari surname is common in the states Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan, Tripathi or Tripathy is used (in addition to these states) in West Bengal, Odisha, Gujarat. The density of Tiwari (and Tripathi or Tripathy) is more among Saryupareen Brahmins, Kanyakubja Brahmins and Utkala Brahmins.

General description[edit]

Tiwari surname is mostly found in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Odisha and Maharashtra as well as metropolitan cities like Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Surat, Bangalore and Hyderabad.Within India, it is the 3rd most common Hindu Brahmin surname nationally and most common Hindu Brahmin surname in the North Indian region.

Historical description by researchers of Tiwari/Tripathi/Trivedi[edit]

In Tiwari or Tripathi or Trivedi (Ti or Tri: All the three and wari or pathi or vedi means versed, thus Tiwari/Tripathi/Trivedi means versed in knowledge of past, present and future). Another description of Tiwari or Tripathi or Trivedi (Ti or Tri means three and wari or path or vedi means person who is having the virtues of God's three forms, Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, which represent life's three stages, birth, life and death. Thus Tiwari/Tripathi/Trivedi means knowledgeable priest, who is versed in the life's three stages). In Buddhist tradition persons who studied Tripitaka were known as Tripitakdhari. And Tiwari (Ti or Tri: three and wari: times) means doing 'Triwar Vandan' i.e. three times salute to the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha as per Buddhist tradition. It shows connection with the Buddhist traditions.

History[edit]

Tiwari's refers to those Brahmins in Vedic age who used to do all rituals in a Vedic ceremony instead of any specific one. It is one of the most widespread Brahmin surnames in the fertile Gangetic plain region and in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, West Bengal and Assam. It is also found in countries such as Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago, due to migration owing to agricultural/plantation employment. The surname is also found in Nepal, Fiji and Mauritius, as well as in other Indian diaspora communities. Tiwaris of Kumaon region in Uttarakhand are mostly from earlier undivided Gujarat state of India. They are sons of Mahatma Shree Shreechand Tiwari (reference:"Kumaon Ka Itihas" by MR. B.D. Pandey, MP, honorably called Kumaon Kesari and was a freedom fighter & "Himalayan Gazetteer" by Edwin T Atkinson, Historian ). They are Samvedi Gautam gotri. The original Tiwaris migrated from Amlabad, Badnagar, Gujarat and settled in the court of Kings of Kumaon. they saved the life of Raja BajBahadur Chand, King of Almorah. Their descendants are known with various surnames in the regions of Kumaon where they settled. The names of village usually replaced the Tiwari surname to make for easy identification, which they got in jagirs from the Rajas of Kumaon. various examples are Balutia, Bameta, Lausali and Suyal etc. Shree Narayn Dutt Tiwari, S/O of Shree Poornanand Tiwari, Ex-CM of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Ex central Cabinet minister GOI and Ex-Governor of Andhra Pradesh is one of them.

They have historically been martial Brahmins as well, and due to there involvement in the uprising against the British in the First War of Indian Independence in 1857, when many of the ranks which followed Mangal Pandey, Chandrashekhar Azad(Chandrashekhar Sitaram Tiwari), Ram Prasad Bismil in his rebellion were composed of Brahmins from the agricultural regions of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Due to this they were not declared a martial race by Britishers like Mohyals due to their ardent support for the Indian independence movement and rebellion against the British Raj.Tiwaris were therefore devoid of the support from the newly formed Indian Government by Indian National Congress. Historically, Tiwaris have always fulfilled their religious duties and had great knowledge of the Vedas, Puranas, Shastras and other holy texts. However presently the majority are engaged in more secular vocations. Historians believe that Tiwaris were traditional researchers, warriors and farmers sometimes with a strong connection with the original Indo-European which inhabited the Great Gangetic plains. Tiwari is the degree of the premier Brahmins and found in various Brahmin societies like Saryupareen Brahmins, Kanyakubja Brahmins, Maithil Brahmin, Bhrigu Vanshiya Brahmins and other Brahmins communities .

Notable people with the surname Tiwari/Tripathi[edit]

Academician[edit]

Spiritual leaders[edit]

Freedom Fighters[edit]

Government Agency[edit]

  • Sanjeev Tripathi- former chief of RAW (30 Dec 2010 – 29 Dec 2012)
  • Sivakant Tiwari -former legal head officer of the Singapore Legal Service & head of the Ministry of Defence's legal department (1974), and head of the Attorney-General's Chambers' Civil Division (1987)

Politicians[edit]

  • Kamalapati Tripathi- the writer, journalist, editor and freedom fighter was a senior Indian National Congress leader from Varanasi.
  • Keshari Nath Tripathi-a former speaker of Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly and president of Uttar Pradesh state unit of Bharatiya Janata Party and presently H'able Governor of West Bengal
  • Ramapati Ram Tripathi-a former president of Bharatiya Janata Party Uttar Pradesh state unit in India . He is a member of Uttar Pradesh legislative Council
  • Hari Shankar Tiwari-Politician
  • Ravindranath Tewari, an Indian politician and former Cabinet minister of Uttar Pradesh
  • Brij Bhushan Tiwari, an Indian politician from the Samajwadi Party
  • Ghanshyam Tiwari, an Indian politician who is an education minister in the Government of Rajasthan
  • Ram Chandra Tiwari, a Nepalese politician
  • Sriniwas Tiwari, an Indian politician who was a former Madhya Pradesh Speaker and Minister
  • Vani Tripathi-Vani Tripathi is national secretary of Bharatiya Janata Party
  • Manish Tewari - politician, currently serving as Minister of State (Independent Charge),
  • D. P. Tripathi - politician,he is the General Secretary of the Nationalist Congress Party of India

Entertainment & Beauty contest[edit]

Sports[edit]

Literature[edit]

Judiciary[edit]

References[edit]