Tizi Ouzou

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Tizi Ouzou
ⵜⵉⵣⵉ ⵡⴻⵣⵣⵓ
تيزي وزو

Tizi Wezzu
city
120402 Amazigh film honoured in Tizi Ouzou (Kabylie).jpg
Official seal of Tizi Ouzou
Seal
Dz - Tizi Ouzou (Wilaya de Tizi-Ouzou) location map.svg
Tizi Ouzou is located in Algeria
Tizi Ouzou
Tizi Ouzou
Coordinates: 36°43′N 4°3′E / 36.717°N 4.050°E / 36.717; 4.050
Country  Algeria
Province Tizi Ouzou Province
District Tizi Ouzou District
Population (2004)
 • Total 144,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Tizi Ouzou (Berber: Tizi Wezzu, ⵜⵉⵣⵉ ⵡⴻⵣⵣⵓ, Algerian Arabic: تيزي وزو) is a city in north central Algeria. It is the capital and largest city of Tizi Ouzou Province. It is the second largest city in terms of population in the Kabylie region behind Béjaïa.

History[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The name comes from the Berber language Tizi n Uzzu and is pronounced Tizuzzu, commonly Tizi which means the "hill", while Azzu means the "broom" (the preposition n "of" is not pronounced here). That is why the city is often referred to as "The hills of brooms".

Ottoman Empire and later[edit]

Tizi Ouzou was established by the Kabyle Berbers, and was enlarged during the French period.[citation needed]

In the 1990s there was friction between the Berbers of Tizi Ouzou and the central authorities of Algiers.[citation needed]

Islamists looted, and burned to the ground, a Pentecostal church on 9 January 2010. The pastor was quoted as saying that worshipers fled when local police left a gang of local rioters unchecked.[1]

Geography[edit]

The city in north central Algeria. It is the capital and largest city[citation needed] of Tizi Ouzou Province.

This city is located in the heart of Kabylie. It is 102.36 square kilometres (39.52 sq mi) in area. Tizi Ouzou is located in the valley of Wadi Sébaou. It is surrounded by mountains. The city is at an altitude of 200 metres (660 ft). The city is bounded on the north by Mount Belloua which rises to 850 metres (2,790 ft) above sea level. A portion of the old city of Tizi Ouzou (known as the High City) backed the east slopes of the mountain. At the top of the mountain Belloua lies the village of Redjaouna. The latter is attached to the town of Tizi Ouzou.

Demographics[edit]

There were 118,542 people in 1998.

Transport[edit]

The city is linked to Algiers and several towns, like Béjaïa, through a major road network.[clarification needed] Because of congestion and traffic jams caused by cars crossing the town, a bypass road was built recently in order to circumvent Tizi Ouzou. The wilaya (province) of Tizi Ouzou is one of the wilayas of Algeria which has the largest fleet.[citation needed] Moreover, it is also one of wilayas which records the highest number of deaths on the road.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Mouloud Mammeri University of Tizi-Ouzou is the local university.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Protestant Church Burned in Algeria". New York Times (New York, New York: nytimes.com). 11 January 2010. 

External sources[edit]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 4°03′E / 36.717°N 4.050°E / 36.717; 4.050