Tkuma (political party)
Tkuma was established in 1998 when Hanan Porat and Zvi Hendel left the National Religious Party. At first the new party was named Emunim (Hebrew: אמונים, [The] Faithful), but was later renamed Tkuma. Together with Moledet and Herut – The National Movement they formed the National Union, which won four seats in the 1999 elections.
For the 2003 elections Yisrael Beiteinu joined the National Union (though Herut left), with its increased support helping to win 7 seats. The party was included in Ariel Sharon's coalition alongside Likud, Shinui, the National Religious Party and Yisrael BaAliyah.
Because of tensions over the withdrawal from the Gaza Strip (Tkuma was ideologically opposed, and Hendel lived in the Gaza settlement of Ganei Tal), National Union ministers Binyamin Elon and Avigdor Lieberman were sacked, and the party left the coalition. However, the National Union was bolstered by the addition of Ahi which had split off from the National Religious Party when they decided to remain in the coalition.
Before the 2006 elections Yisrael Beiteinu left the alliance to fight the election alone. However, at the last minute the National Religious Party decided to join the alliance, which won nine seats, two of which were allocated to Tkuma and taken by Hendel and Uri Ariel.
On 3 November 2008 the party announced a merger with Ahi, National Religious Party and Moledet to form a new right-wing party, which was later named The Jewish Home. However, around half the former Tkuma members later left the new party to re-establish Tkuma, and rejoin the National Union alongside Moledet, Hatikva and Eretz Yisrael Shelanu.
In 2012 the party opted to run as part of the Jewish Home list for the 2013 elections. The joint list won 12 seats, four of which (Ariel, Ben-Dahan, Kalfa and Strook) were nominated by the Tkuma central committee. The party decided to continue its alliance with the Jewish Home for the 2015 Knesset elections.
- Official website (Hebrew)