The Tlicho Government, Tłįchǫ Government, Tli Cho, is a First Nations organization representing the Tłįchǫ Nation of the Northwest Territories, Canada that was created in 2005 when the Tłįcho Nation ratified the Tłįcho Agreement with the Government of Canada. Through this agreement certain rights relating to lands, resources and self-government were defined including Tłįchǫ Government ownership of "39,000 km2 of land located between Great Slave Lake and Great Bear Lake including surface and subsurface rights, the ability to define its membership known as Tłįcho citizens, jurisdiction over lands and resources in the Tłįcho traditional territory and establishment of the Wekʼèezhìi Land and Water Board and the Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board and a share of mineral royalties from the Mackenzie Valley." The word Tlicho (tlee-chon) means Dogrib. The traditional area of the Tłįcho described by Chief Monfwi during the signing of Treaty 11 in 1921, was called Monfwi Gogha De Niitlee (mon-fwee go-ga de-neat-lay).. Wekʼèezhìi, the management area defined by the Tłįcho Agreement, is an area larger than the land owned by the Tłįcho. Wekʼèezhìi "shares boundaries with the Sahtu Settlement Area and Nunavut, and includes the four Tłįcho member communities of Gamètì, Wekʼèezhìi, Whatì and Behchokò."
NWT Conference of Management Authorities (CMA)
The Tłįchǫ Government is one of the Management Authorities of the NWT Conference of Management Authorities (CMA) for boreal caribou, along with the Government of the NWT, the Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT), the Gwich'in Renewable Resources Board, the Sahtu Renewable Resources Board, and the Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board.
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resource Board
The Tłįchǫ Government appoint fifty percent of the Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resource Board, a co-management board. The other fifty percent are appointed by the Government of Canada and the Government of Northwest Territory. The WRRB is an institution of public government, responsible for managing wildlife and wildlife habitat (forests, plants and protected areas) in the Wekʼèezhìi area.
Woodland caribou Rangifer tarandus tarandus
Based on the 2012 Species at Risk Committee's (SARC) report, the NWT Conference of Management Authorities (CMA) in October 2013 added boreal caribou to the Northwest Territories List of Species at Risk as a threatened species.
- Consensus agreement on listing boreal caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) (PDF), Species at Risk, Northwest Territories, 9 October 2013, retrieved 21 October 2013
- "Tlicho Agreement", Government of Canada, August 2003, retrieved 21 October 2014
- "The Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB)", Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB), nd
- "Tłįcho Agreement", WRRB, 2005, retrieved 21 October 2014