To Tell the Truth

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To Tell The Truth
To Tell the Truth 2000-2002.jpg
Genre Game show
Format Panel game
Created by Bob Stewart
Presented by Bud Collyer (1956–68)
Garry Moore (1969–77)
Joe Garagiola (1977–78)
Robin Ward (1980–81)
Gordon Elliott (1990)
Lynn Swann (1990–91)
Alex Trebek (1991)
John O'Hurley (2000–01)
Narrated by Bern Bennett (1956–60)
Johnny Olson (1960–72)
Bill Wendell (1972–77)
Alan Kalter (1977–81)
Burton Richardson (1990–91, 2000–01)
Charlie O'Donnell (1990–91, substitute)
Country of origin United States
No. of seasons 12 (1956–68)
9 (1969–78)
1 (1980–81)
1 (1990–91)
2 (2000–01)
Production
Running time 22–26 minutes
Production company(s) Goodson-Todman Productions (1956–81)
Mark Goodson Productions (1990–2001)
Distributor Firestone Film Syndication, Ltd.[1] (1969–78)
Viacom[2](1980–81)
Pearson Television (2000–01)
Broadcast
Original channel CBS (1956–68)
NBC (1990–91)
Syndicated (1969–78, 1980–81, 2000–01)
Original run December 18, 1956 (1956-12-18) – December 14, 2001 (2001-12-14)

To Tell the Truth is an American television panel game show created by Bob Stewart and produced by Goodson-Todman Productions that has aired in various forms since 1956 both on networks and in syndication. Along with The Price Is Right, Let's Make a Deal, The Newlywed Game, and Jeopardy!, it is one of five game shows in the United States to have aired at least one new episode in at least six consecutive decades. A total of 25 seasons of the various versions of To Tell The Truth have been produced, tying that of What's My Line? and surpassing the 20 of I've Got a Secret.

The show features a panel of four celebrities whose object is the correct identification of a described contestant who has an unusual occupation or experience. This central character is accompanied by two impostors who pretend to be the central character; together, the three persons are said to belong to a "team of challengers." The celebrity panelists question the three contestants; the impostors are allowed to lie but the central character is sworn "to tell the truth". After questioning, the panel attempts to identify which of the three challengers is telling the truth and is thus the central character.

Game play[edit]

Three challengers are introduced, all claiming to be the central character. The announcer typically asks the challengers, who stand side by side, "What is your name, please?" Each challenger then states, "My name is [central character's name]." The celebrity panelists then read along as the host reads aloud a signed affidavit about the central character.

The panelists are each given a period of time to question the challengers. Questions are directed to the challengers by number(Number One, Number Two and Number Three), with the central character sworn to give truthful answers, and the impostors permitted to lie and pretend to be the central character.

After questioning is complete, each member of the panel votes on which of the challengers they believe to be the central character, either by writing the number on a card or holding up a card with the number of their choice, without consulting the other panelists. Any panelist who knows one of the challengers or has another unfair advantage is required to recuse ("disqualify") himself or herself which, for scoring purposes, is counted as a "wrong vote."

Once the votes are in, the host asks, "Will the real [person's name] please stand up?" The central character then stands, often after some brief playful feinting and false starts among all three challengers. Rarely, the central character would be asked to do something else related to their story instead of standing up. The two impostors then reveal their real names and their actual occupations. Prize money is awarded to the challengers based on the number of incorrect votes the impostors draw.

History[edit]

1956–1968, CBS[edit]

To Tell The Truth was to have premiered on Tuesday, December 18, 1956, on CBS in prime time as Nothing But The Truth, but the program title was changed to To Tell The Truth the day before the show's debut. The series was recorded in New York City; initially at CBS-TV Studio 52, moving to Studio 50 late in its run. The existence of an audience ticket for a taping indicates that the show originated in color at the CBS Broadcast Center in late 1966.[3]

Bud Collyer was the show's host(Mike Wallace hosted the pilot); recurring panelists by the 1960s included Tom Poston, Peggy Cass, Orson Bean, and Kitty Carlisle. (Cass and Carlisle stayed on as panelists for most subsequent editions.) Earlier regular panelists had included Johnny Carson, Polly Bergen, Jayne Meadows, Don Ameche, Hy Gardner, Dick Van Dyke, Hildy Parks, John Cameron Swayze, and Ralph Bellamy. Bern Bennett, Collyer's announcer on Beat the Clock, was the inaugural announcer of To Tell The Truth in the 1950s. Upon Bennett's transfer to CBS's Los Angeles studios, Johnny Olson, who in time became the best-known of all Goodson-Todman Productions announcers, joined the show in 1960 and remained through the end of its CBS runs.

Three games were played per episode. Each wrong vote from the panel paid the challengers $250 on the prime-time run, for a possible $1,000; a consolation prize of $150 was awarded if there were no wrong votes. A design element in the set for this series was a platform directly above and behind the emcee's desk. The contestants stood on this platform during their introduction allowing the camera to pan directly down to the host. They then traveled down a curved staircase to the main stage level to play the game.

On Monday, June 18, 1962, a daytime five-day-per-week edition was introduced, running at 3 p.m. Eastern, and 2 p.m. Central. Also hosted by Collyer, the daytime show featured a separate panel for its first three years, with actress Phyllis Newman as the only regular. The evening panel took over the afternoon show in 1965; in early 1968, Bert Convy replaced Poston in the first chair.

The daytime show was reduced to two games to accommodate a five-minute news break towards the half-hour mark. On the CBS daytime run, each wrong vote paid the team $100.[clarification needed] During the show's final year and a half, the studio audience also voted, with the majority vote counting equally with that of each of the celebrity panelists. If there was a tie for the highest vote from the audience, that counted as a wrong vote.[clarification needed]

The original daytime panel with Bud Collyer. From left: Sam Levenson, Mimi Benzell, and Barry Nelson. The fourth panel member was Sally Ann Howes.

One CBS daytime episode featuring Dorothy Kilgallen, best known as a regular panelist on What's My Line?, was broadcast on the East Coast on Monday, November 8, 1965, as news of her sudden death was circulated by wire services. The breaking news story prompted CBS newscaster Douglas Edwards to announce her death immediately after To Tell The Truth ended. She had videotaped the program six days earlier, according to the New York Herald Tribune. The newspaper added that Kilgallen and Arlene Francis both pretended to be Joan Crawford while sitting next to the real Crawford in a celebrity segment that the daytime series featured regularly starting in 1965. The episode was one of the large majority of To Tell the Truth daytime episodes that were destroyed because of the common practice of wiping videotape prior to the invention of the videocassette. This was a different half-hour telecast from the 1962 prime-time episode on which Kilgallen can be seen and heard as one of the panelists. GSN repeated that episode decades later.

The prime-time show ended on May 22, 1967, with the daytime show ending on September 6, 1968.[4] The show was replaced by the expansions of Search for Tomorrow and Guiding Light to 30 minutes, in a scheduling shuffle with The Edge of Night, The Secret Storm, and Art Linkletter's House Party.

Metropole Orchestra leader Dolf van der Linden composed the show's first theme, "Peter Pan," used from 1956–1961. From 1961–1967, the show switched to a Bob Cobert-penned theme with a beat similar to "Peter Pan," and then to a Score Productions tune during its final CBS daytime season.

Most episodes of the original nighttime run of the series were preserved on black and white kinescope, along with a few color videotape episodes.[5] Only a handful of shows remain from the CBS daytime series' first three years because of a then-common practice of wiping videotapes and reusing them to save money and storage space. Many daytime episodes (including some in color) from 1966–1968 exist, including the color finale.

1969–1978, Syndication[edit]

To Tell The Truth returned only a year later, in autumn of 1969, in first-run syndication. During the early years of its run, the syndicated Truth became a highly-rated component of stations's early-evening schedules after the Federal Communications Commission imposed the Prime Time Access Rule in 1971,[6] opening up at least a half hour (a full hour, usually, on Eastern Time Zone stations) to fill with non-network fare between either the local or network evening newscast and the start of the network's primetime schedule for the evening.[6] Still other stations found success running the program in place of a daytime network game or soap opera, or in the afternoon "fringe" time period between the end of network daytime programming at 4:30/3:30 Central and the evening newscasts. This edition of the show was again based at the New York CBS-TV Studio 50 until 1971, when it moved to NBC Studio 6-A in Rockefeller Center.

Each wrong vote in this version was worth $50 to the challengers. Fooling the entire panel won the challengers a total of $500. There were two games per episode, and there was often a live demonstration or video to illustrate the contestant's story after many of the games.

The show was first released to local stations on September 8, 1969, on the same day original emcee Bud Collyer died of complications from a circulatory disorder. A total of 1,715 episodes of this version were produced, with the series ending on September 7, 1978. Some markets that added the series after its 1969 release opted to carry the show for another season or two in order to catch up on the episodes that had not aired in their viewing area.

According to Garry Moore, who had hosted I've Got a Secret in its original run and who had been retired from television at this time, the first choice of producers Mark Goodson and Bill Todman was the host of the original version of the show, Bud Collyer.[7] He declined due to his ailing health, saying "I'm just not up to it."[7] Goodson and Todman then paid a call to Moore, who accepted, emerged from retirement, and hosted the program until 1977.[8] Regular panelists included Orson Bean during the first year, Peggy Cass, Kitty Carlisle and Bill Cullen, who substituted for Moore when needed. Many regulars from the original run appeared, including Tom Poston and Bert Convy.

In late 1976, Moore was diagnosed with throat cancer,[8] and originally, Cullen took his place. However, Mark Goodson noted how Cullen being the host and not a panelist hurt the chemistry he had with Cass and Carlisle.[citation needed] Joe Garagiola was then hired and took over on an interim basis, stating that he was "pinch-hitting" for Moore. Moore appeared for one final time on the premiere episode of the ninth season to explain his sudden absence, banter with the panel after the first game, and formally hand the show over permanently to Garagiola, who hosted for the remainder of what proved to be the last season of the series. Moore's introduction that day prompted a loud applause and standing ovation.[9]

Johnny Olson stayed with To Tell The Truth when it moved to syndication. He left in 1972, when he moved to Los Angeles to announce the Goodson-Todman revivals of The Price Is Right and I've Got a Secret. NBC staff announcer Bill Wendell replaced Olson from 1972–1977, with Alan Kalter taking over during the final season. Don Pardo, also an NBC staff announcer, served as backup announcer to Wendell and Kalter.

To Tell The Truth used three distinctive sets throughout its nine-year syndicated run. The first, designed by Theodore Cooper and dubbed by some as the "psychedelic" set was used for the first two seasons and the first four weeks of the third; with one man on the door[10] a toned-down set with two additional men added on the door was used from the fifth week of the third season through the first 30 weeks of the fourth. The longest-lived set — a blue-hued, gold-accented, block-motif set — was used for the remainder of the run, also designed by Cooper.[11] The show was the only edition of Truth to feature a theme song with lyrics. The theme was written and composed by Score Productions chief Robert A. Israel and Truth producer Paul Alter, along with veteran theme composer Charles Fox. The bulk of this version is intact. However, the current status of the first season is unknown, and is presumed to be lost to wiping. GSN has never rerun the first season of the show, and had always begun with the second season. One episode from the first season exists in the UCLA Television and Film Archive.

1980–1981, Syndication[edit]

On September 8, 1980, a new To Tell the Truth series premiered in syndication. The new series was recorded at the same studio at NBC's Rockefeller Center complex that the previous series had, and Canadian TV personality Robin Ward served as the host with Alan Kalter returning as announcer. A new theme and set were commissioned for this edition of Truth and although previous regulars Bill Cullen, Peggy Cass, and Kitty Carlisle made frequent appearances, there was no regular panel for this edition. The new Truth aired for one season in syndicated and aired its final episode on September 11, 1981.

Two games were played, and each wrong vote paid the challengers $100; $500 was paid if the entire panel had been fooled.

After the second game, a new game called "One on One" was played with the four impostors from earlier. One fact had been purposely withheld from the panel about one of the impostors and it was up to the panelists to determine correctly to which of the impostors it applied. One at a time, each panelist would be given twenty seconds to question the impostor sitting directly across from them and would then say whether or not he/she believed the fact applied to that impostor. Wrong votes still paid $100 with $500 paid if the panel did not correctly determine to whom the fact pertained.

The 1980 edition of To Tell the Truth was a rarity in that it was still based in New York while nearly all television game show production had moved to California. Both To Tell the Truth and The $50,000 Pyramid (which debuted at the midpoint of the 1980-81 season and taped at ABC's Studio 15) were the last two broadcast television game shows to emanate from New York until Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? came to television for the first time in 1999 and taped at the ABC Television Center in Lincoln Square. (In that period, several cable television game shows were recorded in New York.)

1990–1991, NBC[edit]

To Tell The Truth returned again for a run that lasted just nine months from September 3, 1990 to May 31, 1991. After spending many years originating from New York, the show originated for the first time from California at NBC's Burbank studio complex. The show's theme music was an orchestral remix of the 1969–1978 theme (minus the lyrics), and the show utilized the block-letter logo from 1973–1978. Burton Richardson was its main announcer; however, Charlie O'Donnell also substituted on occasion. All episodes of this series exist and have aired on GSN in reruns.

The series' two pilot episodes were hosted by actor Richard Kline with O'Donnell as announcer, and one of these was accidentally aired on September 3, 1990 in the Eastern Time Zone markets. When the show first made it to air, A Current Affair reporter Gordon Elliott was the emcee. Eight weeks into the series, Elliott was forced to leave To Tell the Truth due to a contract dispute with his former employers and Lynn Swann, the former NFL wide receiver who was a frequent panelist in the early weeks of the show, took over for him. After fourteen more weeks Swann, who was also a reporter for ABC Sports at the time, left due to scheduling conflicts with that job and Classic Concentration host Alex Trebek was given the hosting position.[12] Shortly after becoming host Trebek's wife Jean gave birth to the couple's first child and Trebek missed the first two episodes of the taping session in order to be with her. Mark Goodson took over for Trebek and hosted the two episodes he had missed.[13] This was Goodson's final appearance on the show before his death in 1992.

When he took over as host of To Tell The Truth, Trebek became the first host to helm three American game shows simultaneously; he remained as host of Classic Concentration on NBC and was also hosting Jeopardy! in syndication. Trebek, as of 2013, is the only host to do this on American television.

The celebrity panelists for To Tell The Truth during this period included several of the '70s panel stalwarts including Kitty Carlisle, who appeared on a majority of the shows taking the fourth and most upstage seat. The first seat, furthest downstage, saw Ron Masak and Orson Bean alternate on the panel for 34 of the 39 weeks the series was on air. The chair next to that was occupied by rotating guests, although voice actress Dana Hill appeared in the seat most often. The third chair most often featured David Niven, Jr. as a panelist, although Masak and Bean would also sit there if both were to appear on the same program. Polly Bergen and Peggy Cass, who began appearing on the original series, would appear from time to time, and other frequent panelists included Vicki Lawrence, Cindy Adams, and Betty White. The panelists were introduced in twos with the male panelists escorting the female panelists down the staircase, followed by the host.

Two games were played with two sets of impostors. Any incorrect votes up to two paid $1,000. If three of the panelists had voted incorrectly, the players split $1,500. If the panel was fooled entirely, the players split $3,000.[citation needed]

After the second game, a new version of the "One on One" game from the 1980 series was played. A seventh civilian player was brought out with two stories, and a member of the studio audience was given an opportunity to win money by trying to figure out which of the two stories were true. Each panelist was given the opportunity to ask the contestant one question for each story, and after both stories had been presented the audience member chose which one he/she thought was the truth. After the choice was made, the contestant revealed the right answer and if the audience member came up with it, he/she won $500. If the contestant stumped the audience member, that player won $1,000.

Occasionally, celebrities whose faces were not well known would attempt to stump the audience during this part of the game. For example, Hank Ketcham, creator of Dennis the Menace, tried during one episode to convince an audience member that he was really the songwriter to Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer(Johnny Marks had actually done this), but was unsuccessful in doing so.[14]

2000–2001, Syndication[edit]

The show then had a two-year run in syndication starting in 2000 with John O'Hurley hosting, and Burton Richardson returning as the announcer. The series was again produced at NBC Studios in Burbank, California. Gary Stockdale supplied the music for this edition.

Actor Meshach Taylor was the only regular to appear on every episode of this edition, while Paula Poundstone was a regular during the first season. Following Poundstone's departure, several actors sat in Poundstone's former chair, including Kim Coles, Jackée Harry, Mother Love, Liz Torres, and Hattie Winston. The show's website touted Coles and Brooke Burns as regulars for season two, though neither panelist was featured in every show that year. Kitty Carlisle appeared as a panelist for one episode of the series, making her the only panelist to appear on all 5 incarnations of this show, spanning 6 decades.

As at the end of the original CBS run, the studio audience voted. Each wrong vote awarded the challengers $1,000 meaning that $5,000 could be split by the challengers for fooling the panel. In the first few weeks of the series, stumping the entire panel, including the audience, won the challengers $10,000.

According to Steve Beverly's tvgameshows.net, this edition of Truth never received a rating higher than 1.8. It was cancelled on December 14, 2001, only 65 episodes into its second season. However, repeats continued to air through March 15, 2002. All episodes of this series exist and have aired on GSN in reruns.

You Lie Like A Dog[edit]

In 2000, Animal Planet aired a version of the show titled You Lie Like A Dog, with JD Roberto as host. The contestants were people in certain animal-related fields.

Notable contestants[edit]

A number of notable contestants have appeared on the show during a time when they, or at the very least their faces, were not well known.

1956–1968[edit]

1969–1978[edit]

  • Frank Abagnale Jr. appeared on the show years after he had given up his con artistry. The bio-pic based on his life, Catch Me If You Can, opens with his appearance on the show, featuring actors (Leonardo DiCaprio playing Abagnale) taking the place of the contestants, interwoven with footage of panelist Carlisle and host Garagiola from the original episode.
  • American popcorn promoter and guru Orville Redenbacher was first seen on national television in 1973, long before his signature commercial appearances promoting his gourmet kernels. Redenbacher appeared on an episode of the show and he stumped the panelists (Kitty Carlisle, Bill Cullen, Joe Garagiola, and Peggy Cass), all of whom were shown eating and enjoying samples of Redenbacher's then "new" novelty popcorn flavors including "chili" and "bar-b-que."
  • Caroll Spinney, better known as the man in Big Bird ever since the beginning of Sesame Street, appeared in 1971.
  • A rare and early television appearance of Garry Trudeau, writer of the comic strip Doonesbury, was as a guest 1971, where all but one of the panelists failed to guess his identity.
  • Actress Alexandra Elizabeth "Ally" Sheedy appeared in 1975, when she was twelve years old, in a story about a book that she wrote. The book, titled She Was Nice to Mice, later became a bestseller. This was well before she became famous as an actress. Later on, Sheedy even became a panelist for a few episodes.[20]
  • Mad Magazine publisher William M. Gaines appeared in 1970 thanks to Dick DeBartolo, a writer for both Goodson-Todman Productions and Mad who persuaded Gaines to come on the show. In part because the famously-casual Gaines appeared without a necktie, all four celebrities voted for a more stylishly-dressed impostor. Years later, DeBartolo remembered Kitty Carlisle telling him after the taping, "I never figured it was him. I mean look at the way he's dressed. I was looking for someone who ran a very successful magazine, so I thought it couldn't be him!"
  • Roots author Alex Haley appeared as a subject on a 1972 episode. All but one of the panelists was able to identify him.[21]
  • Jack Mercer, the voice of Popeye the Sailor from 1936 to 1982, was a guest in 1975. After the game ended, he engaged the audience with the signature theme "I'm Popeye the Sailor Man."
  • Stan Lee, the creator and writer of many famous Marvel Comics including Spider-Man, X-Men, and Avengers, as well as the Chairman and Editor-In-Chief of Marvel, appeared twice. He first appeared in 1970, and then in 2002. In the latter, he and the other impostors all wore disguises lest the panel recognize him.
  • Famous cartoonist William Hanna and Garry Trudeau appeared with other impostors in an episode from 1975, which ended with a person in a Yogi Bear costume (consultant Dick DeBartolo) picking out Hanna, and Daws Butler provided the voice of Yogi as he introduced the panel in a cartoon.
  • Actor David Prowse, the British actor who wore the costume of Darth Vader in Star Wars, appeared on the show in 1977. Peggy Cass correctly identified him.
  • Journalist Anderson Cooper, then 9 years old, appeared as an impostor.
  • After becoming the first person to base jump off the World Trade Center in 1975, Owen Quinn appeared on the show in 1978. None of the panelists guessed his true identity.[22]

1980–1981[edit]

1990–1991[edit]

  • Randy West, later a well-known game show announcer, was an impostor during the show's first week in 1990.
  • Exploitation film producer and pioneer David F. Friedman appeared on the 1990 edition of the show, during the release of his memoir A Youth in Babylon; Kitty Carlisle was horrified at the nature of his salacious claims to fame, though on-air she expressed her reservations as humorously as possible.
  • Actress Catherine Bell appeared as an impostor on the show in 1990.
  • The composer of There She Is, Miss America, Bernie Wayne, appeared in the "One on One" portion on Thanksgiving Week 1990.
  • Hank Ketcham, creator of the Dennis the Menace comic strip, appeared in the "One on One" portion in Christmas 1990.
  • Original announcer Bern Bennett was a "central subject" in 1991.
  • Joan Howard Maurer, daughter of The Three Stooges' Moe Howard, appeared during the Alex Trebek era in 1991.
  • Doug Heir, Paralympic Champion, appeared on an episode in 1990.
  • Marni Nixon(Mrs. Ernest Gold), the singer who had provided the dubbed voices for Natilie Wood and Deborah Kerr, appeared on Lynn Swann's last show in 1991.
  • Cory Everson, female bodybuilder, appeared on an episode in 1991.
  • Doris Tate, mother of Sharon Tate, appeared on an episode in 1991.

2000–2001[edit]

Merchandise[edit]

A board game was released by Lowell in 1957.

A single-player online game was once released by the now defunct website Uproar.com.

A video slot machine game was once released to American casinos nationwide by Bally Gaming Systems in 2002.

International versions[edit]

Country Local name Host Network Year aired
Australia Australia Tell the Truth George Foster
Mike Williamson
Nine Network 1959–1965
Earle Bailey Network Ten 1971–1972
Canada Canada (English) To Tell the Truth Don Cameron CTV 1962–1964
Germany Germany Sag die Wahrheit
("Tell the Truth")
Guido Baumann
Hans Sachs
Wolf Mittler
Hans Stotz
Bernd Stephen
Gerd Rubenbauer
Michael Antwerpes
ARD
Bayerischer Rundfunk
SWR
1959–1971
1986–1995
2003–present
Italy Italy La verità
("The Truth")
Marco Balestri Canale 5
Rete 4
1990–1991
1991–1995
Netherlands Netherlands We van de Drie
("Which of the Three")
Nand Baert
Pim Jacobs
Emmik Herman
Flip van der Shale
Fred Oster
Caroline Christensen
Rob van Hilst
Jos Kuijer
Joop Braakhekke
Ron Brandsteder
AVRO
RTL4
Oproep MAX
1963–1985, 1994–1997
1991
2010–present
Norway Norway På ære og samvittighet
(of Honor)
Kari Borg Mannsåker
Gunnar Haarberg
NRK 1958–1962
1970
1986
Ukraine Ukraine Самозванці
Samozvantsi
("Imposters")
Anton Lirnyk ICTV 2011–2012
United Kingdom United Kingdom Tell the Truth McDonald Hobley
David Jacobs
Shaw Taylor
Graeme Garden
Fred Dinenage
ITV
Channel 4
1957–1961, 1989–1990
1983–1985
United States U.S. To Tell The Truth Bud Collyer CBS Primetime 1956–1967
Daytime 1962–1968
Garry Moore 1969–77
Joe Garagiola 1977–78
Syndication 1969–1978
Robin Ward 1980–1981
Gordon Elliott 1990
Lynn Swann 1990–91
Alex Trebek 91
1990–1991
John O'Hurley Syndication 2000–2001

Popular culture[edit]

  • In Eminem's song The Real Slim Shady from 2000, it references the "Will the real _________ please stand up?" catchphrase during the refrain, asking, "Won't the real Slim Shady please stand up?"
  • Beginning in February 2010, DirecTV started a series of commercials spoofing the show featuring Alex Trebek (who hosted the show in 1991) as the host, and the show's 1973–1978 set and logo. A closely sounding instrumental variation of the 1969–1978 theme music was used. The four "panelists," who were not celebrities, were guessing who was telling the truth among three contestants representing DirecTV, "the Cable Company," and DirecTV's rival, Dish Network. The commercials are not entirely true to the show, as the contestants are shown only standing up (the commercials open showing they are not sitting), although the "panelists" are clearly sitting. At the end, the "panelists" always chose DirecTV as the winner.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/hd2/Archive-BC-IDX/69-OCR/1969-03-17-BC-OCR-Page-0041.pdf#search=%22firestone%20truth%22
  2. ^ http://www.americanradiohistory.com/hd2/Archive-BC-IDX/80-OCR/1980-03-31-BC-OCR-Page-0033.pdf#search=%22to%20tell%20the%20truth%22
  3. ^ http://www.cbsretirees.com/rem-images/Schwartz%20Collection/image9.html
  4. ^ {{url=http://books.google.com/books?ei=TobQTbGzBJLQsAPx6NX8BA&ct=result&id=dctkAAAAMAAJ&dq=Total+Television&q=%22To+Tell+the+Truth%22#search_anchor%7Ctitle=Book Search:Watching TV: Four Decades of American Television|publisher=Google Books}}
  5. ^ "The G-T Big 4: To Tell the Truth (CBS Nighttime)" Retrieved 3 July 2007
  6. ^ a b "Prime Time Access Rule" Retrieved 24 September 2007
  7. ^ a b Soap Opera Digest: January 1977
  8. ^ a b "Garry Moore, 78, the Cheery Host Of Long-Running TV Series, Dies". New York Times. 1993-11-29. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  9. ^ "To Tell the Truth". 1977. Syndication.
  10. ^ To Tell The Truth episode guide (1971–1972) at the Wayback Machine (archived February 24, 2006)
  11. ^ The result of the sliding doors are similar to the sliding doors on The Price is Right. To Tell The Truth episode guide (1972–1973) at the Wayback Machine (archived February 24, 2006)
  12. ^ "To Tell the Truth". 1991-02-04. NBC.
  13. ^ "To Tell the Truth". 1991-02-18, 1991-02-19. NBC.
  14. ^ a b c "To Tell the Truth". 1990-12-25. NBC.
  15. ^ Victor Davis, British Journalism Review
  16. ^ Video on YouTube
  17. ^ "To Tell the Truth". 1957-11-19. CBS.
  18. ^ "To Tell the Truth". 1958-11-25. CBS.
  19. ^ "To Tell the Truth". 1957-07-16. CBS.
  20. ^ "To Tell the Truth". 1975-06-19. Syndication.
  21. ^ To Tell the Truth - Alex Haley (1972) on YouTube
  22. ^ full episode of To Tell The Truth featuring Owen Quinn on YouTube
  23. ^ Rosa Parks - To Tell the Truth (1980) on YouTube
  24. ^ Zack Hample on "To Tell The Truth" on YouTube


External links[edit]