Toba Tek Singh District
|Toba Tek Singh District
|Capital||Toba Tek Singh|
|• Density||250,000/km2 (600,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Tehsils||4|
Toba Tek Singh District (Urdu: ضلع ٹوبہ ٹیک سنگھ) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located between 30°33' to 31°2' Degree north latitudes and 72°08' to 72°48' Degree longitudes. It became a separate district in 1982.
District was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic period is characterized by Indo-Aryan culture which flourished in its native Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Toba Tek Singh was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of northern Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Sahiwal.
The town and district is named after a Sikh religious figure Tek Singh. Legend has it that Mr. Singh a kind hearted man served water and provided shelter to the worn out and thirsty travellers passing by a small pond ("TOBA" in Punjabi) which eventually was called Toba Tek Singh, and the surrounding settlement acquired the same name. There is also a park here named after the Sardar Tek Singh.
Toba Tek Singh was developed by the British toward the end of the 19th Century when a canal system was built. People from all over the Punjab (currently Indian and Pakistani Punjab) moved there as farmlands were allotted to them. Most of the people who migrated there belonged to Lahore, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur districts. The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the tehsil of Toba Tek Singh as follows:
Tehsil of the new Faisalabad District, Punjab, lying between 30°50' and 31°23' N. and 72° 20' and 72°54' E., with an area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2). The population in 1906 was 148,984. It contains 342 villages, including Toba Tek Singh (population, 1,874), the headquarters, and Gojra (2,589), an important grain market on the Wazirabad-Khanewal branch of the North-Western Railway. The land revenue and cesses in 1905-6 amounted to 470,000. The tehsil consists of a level plain, wholly irrigated by the Chenab Canal. The soil, which is very fertile in the east of the tehsil, becomes sandy towards the west. The boundaries of the tehsil were somewhat modified at the time of the formation of the new District of Faisalabad" The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Toba Tek Singh District.
During 1970's, when many Pakistani cities were renamed to change names given after British Rulers to their original or native names or more acceptable names to local population like Montgomery was renamed to its old original name Sahiwal, Toba Tek Singh remained one of the very few cities to maintain its original name mainly because of reputation of Tek Singh. In 1982 Toba Tek Singh, formerly a subdivision, was separated from Faisalabad District and became a separate district.
1970 Historical Kissan Conference, 200,000 Kissans (peasants) and progressive people from whole country gathered in Toba Tek Singh. The conference left a great impact on political history of Pakistan and led to Land reforms taken place in Bhutto Era.
Toba Tek Singh is located in central Punjab and occupies 3252 square kilometres and is made up of large areas of lowlands that flood frequently during the rainy season; the floods originate from the Ravi River that runs along the southern and southeastern borders. During the British raj Toba Tek Singh had a small Sikh polulation that migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Toba Tek Singh District.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the population was 905,580 of this, 720,601 were Muslim and 184,979 were non-Muslim, mainly Christian and Ahmadiyya. According to the 2008 estimate the population had risen to 1.39 million.
Manzoor Elahi Forest Park: A forest park with the name of Manzoor Elahi Forest Park has been established by the Government of Punjab for the citizens of Toba Tek Singh. It is located on Jhang Road at a distance of approximately 1 km from the old "Chungi". The park comprises plantation, play grounds, recreational facilities for children, and tiled pathways.
Sports Stadium: Sports stadium was built under the supervision of the district government and aptly caters to the health needs of local people.
Branches of all the famous banks are situated Toba Tek Singh. Most of the banks have their branches on Farooq Road e.g. Faysal Bank Limited, Meezan Bank Limited, Habib Bank Limited (Main Branch), Bank Alfalah, Bank Alhabib, JS Bank, and United Bank Limited (Main Branch). Bank of Punjab situated in Machhli Bazar, Allied Bank Limited, Habib Bank Limited and MCB Bank Limited in Grain Market, National Bank of Pakistan (Main Branch) in Housing Colony near District Courts.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2010)|
District Toba Tek Singh is one of the best producer of orange "locally known as kenno". It contribute towards export standard quality of orange produced in all Pakistan. The majority of people living in this district have profession of agriculture and it produce several kind of agricultural and dairy products like meat, eggs, cotton, maize, several pulses, peach, guava, tomato, melon, water melon, mango, tobacco and onion.
|Name of Tehsil||No of Unions|
|Toba Tek Singh||30|
|NA-92||Chaudhry Khalid Javaid Warraich||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|MA-93||Muhammad Junaid Anwaar Chaudhry||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|NA-94||Chaudhry Asad Ur Rehman||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|PP-84||Ch. Bilal Asghar Warraich||Pakistan Muslim League (Q)|
|PP-85||Abdul Qadeer Alvi||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|PP-86||Amjad Ali Javaid||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|PP-87||Lieutenant Colonel (R) Sardar Muhammad Ayub Khan Gadhi||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|PP-88||Begum Nazia Raheel||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|PP-89||Makhdoom Syed Ali Raza Shah||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
|PP-90||Mian Muhammad Rafique||Pakistan Muslim League (N)|
Major towns in Toba Tek Singh District are:
- Mohammad Sarwar, Governor of Punjab, Pakistan, former Member of Parliament (MP)
- Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday
- Mian Muhammad Aslam
- Mian Muhammad Latif
- Official Government website of Toba Tek Singh
- Toba Tek Singh – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 23, p. 406. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 2011-10-06.
- District Stats – District Government of Toba Tek Singh
- District Profile: Central Punjab- Toba Tek Singh
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Toba Tek Singh – Government of Pakistan. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2011-10-06.
- Legislators from Toba Tek Singh – Website of the Provincial Assembly of Punjab
- Election Results 2008. .ecp.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2011-10-06.
- election comission of Pakistan website