Toba Tek Singh District

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Toba Tek Singh District
Rajana
District
Location of TTS in Punjab.
Location of TTS in Punjab.
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
Capital Toba Tek Singh
Population (2009)
 • Total 1,621,593
 • Density 250,000/km2 (600,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 4

Toba Tek Singh District (Urdu: ضلع ٹوبہ ٹیک سنگھ‎) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located between 30°33' to 31°2' Degree north latitudes and 72°08' to 72°48' Degree longitudes.[1] It became a separate district in 1982.

Toba Tek Singh Train Station

Etymology[edit]

The town and district is named after a Sikh religious figure Tek Singh. Legend has it that Mr. Singh a kind hearted man served water and provided shelter to the worn out and thirsty travellers passing by a small pond ("TOBA" in Punjabi) which eventually was called Toba Tek Singh, and the surrounding settlement acquired the same name.[1] There is also a park here named after the Sardar Tek Singh.

British Raj[edit]

Toba Tek Singh was developed by the British toward the end of the 19th Century when a canal system was built. People from all over the Punjab (currently Indian and Pakistani Punjab) moved there as farmlands were allotted to them. Most of the people who migrated there belonged to Lahore, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur districts. The Imperial Gazetteer of India described the tehsil of Toba Tek Singh as follows:

Tehsil of the new Faisalabad District, Punjab, lying between 30°50' and 31°23' N. and 72° 20' and 72°54' E., with an area of 865 square miles (2,240 km2). The population in 1906 was 148,984. It contains 342 villages, including Toba Tek Singh (population, 1,874), the headquarters, and Gojra (2,589), an important grain market on the Wazirabad-Khanewal branch of the North-Western Railway. The land revenue and cesses in 1905-6 amounted to 470,000. The tehsil consists of a level plain, wholly irrigated by the Chenab Canal. The soil, which is very fertile in the east of the tehsil, becomes sandy towards the west. The boundaries of the tehsil were somewhat modified at the time of the formation of the new District of Faisalabad"[2] The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Toba Tek Singh District.

After independence[edit]

During 1970's, when many Pakistani cities were renamed to change names given after British Rulers to their original or native names or more acceptable names to local population like Montgomery was renamed to its old original name Sahiwal, Toba Tek Singh remained one of the very few cities to maintain its original name mainly because of reputation of Tek Singh. In 1982 Toba Tek Singh, formerly a subdivision, was separated from Faisalabad District and became a separate district.[1]

1970 Historical Kissan Conference, 200,000 Kissans (peasants) and progressive people from whole country gathered in Toba Tek Singh. The conference left a great impact on political history of Pakistan and led to Land reforms taken place in Bhutto Era.

Demography[edit]

Toba Tek Singh is located in central Punjab and occupies 3252 square kilometres and is made up of large areas of lowlands that flood frequently during the rainy season; the floods originate from the Ravi River that runs along the southern and southeastern borders. During the British raj Toba Tek Singh had a small Sikh polulation that migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Toba Tek Singh District.

According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the population was 905,580 of this, 720,601 were Muslim and 184,979 were non-Muslim, mainly Christian and Ahmadiyya.[3] According to the 2008 estimate the population had risen to 1.39 million.[4]

Language[edit]

Punjabi Language is the most spoken language. Punjabi Language Urdu

Education[edit]

Toba Tek Singh has a high literacy rate counted amongst the top 10 cities of Pakistan.[citation needed] It has many educational institutes, among them University of Agriculture, Faisalabad

Notable places[edit]

Manzoor Elahi Forest Park: A forest park with the name of Manzoor Elahi Forest Park has been established by the Government of Punjab for the citizens of Toba Tek Singh. It is located on Jhang Road at a distance of approximately 1 km from the old "Chungi". The park comprises plantation, play grounds, recreational facilities for children, and tiled pathways.

Sports Stadium: Sports stadium was built under the supervision of the district government and aptly caters to the health needs of local people.

Banks[edit]

Branches of all the famous banks are situated Toba Tek Singh. Most of the banks have their branches on Farooq Road e.g. Faysal Bank Limited, Meezan Bank Limited, Habib Bank Limited (Main Branch), Bank Alfalah, Bank Alhabib, JS Bank, and United Bank Limited (Main Branch). Bank of Punjab situated in Machhli Bazar, Allied Bank Limited, Habib Bank Limited and MCB Bank Limited in Grain Market, National Bank of Pakistan (Main Branch) in Housing Colony near District Courts.

Agriculture productions[edit]

District Toba Tek Singh is one of the best producer of orange "locally known as kenno".[citation needed] It contribute towards export standard quality of orange produced in all Pakistan. The majority of people living in this district have profession of agriculture and it produce several kind of agricultural and dairy products like meat, eggs, cotton, maize, several pulses, peach, guava, tomato, melon, water melon, mango, tobacco and onion.

Administration[edit]

The district of Toba Tek Singh is administratively subdivided into four tehsils and 82 Union Council:[5]

Name of Tehsil No of Unions
Gojra 24
Kamalia 13
Toba Tek Singh 30
Pir Mahal 15
Total 82

The district is represented in the National Assembly by three elected MNAs who represent the following constituencies:[6][7]

Constituency MNA Party
NA-92 Chaudhry Khalid Javaid Warraich Pakistan Muslim League (N)
MA-93 Muhammad Junaid Anwaar Chaudhry Pakistan Muslim League (N)
NA-94 Chaudhry Asad Ur Rehman Pakistan Muslim League (N)

The district is represented in the provincial assembly by seven elected MPAs who represent the following constituencies:</ref>

Constituency MPA Party
PP-84 Ch. Bilal Asghar Warraich Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
PP-85 Abdul Qadeer Alvi Pakistan Muslim League (N)
PP-86 Amjad Ali Javaid Pakistan Muslim League (N)
PP-87 Lieutenant Colonel (R) Sardar Muhammad Ayub Khan Gadhi Pakistan Muslim League (N)
PP-88 Begum Nazia Raheel Pakistan Muslim League (N)
PP-89 Makhdoom Syed Ali Raza Shah Pakistan Muslim League (N)
PP-90 Mian Muhammad Rafique Pakistan Muslim League (N)

Until the year 2000, when the Divisions of Pakistan were abolished, Toba Tek Singh and Jhang districts were part of Faisalabad Division (this included Faisalabad District.

Major towns in Toba Tek Singh District are:

[8]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°58′N 72°29′E / 30.967°N 72.483°E / 30.967; 72.483