The Tobu Kinugawa Line (東武鬼怒川線 Tōbu Kinugawa-sen) is a 16.2 km long Japanese railway line from Shimo-Imaichi Station to Shin-Fujiwara Station in Nikkō, Tochigi. It is owned and operated by the private railway operator Tobu Railway. Its name was taken after Kinugawa Onsen hot spring resort area the line serves.
At Shimo-Imaichi Station it connects with the Tobu Nikko Line. At Shin-Fujiwara Station it connects with the Yagan Railway Aizu Kinugawa Line. Some trains goes beyond the Aizu Kinugawa Line terminus at Aizu-Kōgen Oze-guchi Station onto the Aizu Railway Aizu Line.
The line runs surcharged, reserved-seat limited express services from and to Asakusa and Shinjuku in Tokyo.
The whole line is electrified at 1,500 V DC, but it is single tracked except for a 0.8 km double-tracked section at Kinugawa-Onsen Station.
Route map of the Kinugawa Line
- 1915: Fujiwara Tramway (藤原軌道株式会社 Fujiwara Kidō Kabushiki-gaisha) was licensed to build a 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge steam-hauled tramway. It was renamed Shimotsuke Tramway (下野軌道株式会社 Shimotsuke Kidō Kabushiki-gaisha) in the same year.
- 2 January 1917: A 3.6-mile (5.8 km) section from Daiya-gawa Hokugan Station to Kinugawa Nangan Station was opened. The line was extended a further 2.5 miles (4.0 km) the same year.
- March 1919: Ōhara Station to Shimotaki Station section was opened.
- October 1919: Daiya Mukō Imaichi Station to Shin-Imaichi Station section was opened.
- 1 January 1920: Shimotaki Station to Fujiwara Station section was open to complete the whole 10.9-mile (17.5 km) line.
- 6 June 1921: The company name was renamed Shimotsuke Electric Railway Co., Ltd. (下野電気鉄道株式会社 Shimotsuke Denki Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha).
- 9 March 1922: The whole line was electrified at 600 V DC.
- April 1927: The corporate headquarters was relocated to the Tobu Railway headquarters in Tokyo.
- 22 October 1929: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge operation began on all the line.
- 1931: The voltage was raised to 1,500 V.
- 1 May 1943: Shimotsuke Electric Railway was bought out by Tobu Railway. The line became Tōbu Kinugawa Line.
- 9 October 1986: Yagan Railway Aizu Kinugawa Line through service began.
- 12 October 1990: Aizu Railway Aizu Line through service to Aizu Tajima Station began.
- 18 March 2006: New Kinugawa services to/from Shinjuku commence.
- ^ Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 199. ISBN 4-87366-874-3.
- ^ ＪＲ新幹線＆特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. p. 76. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6.