|This article contains too many pictures, charts or diagrams for its overall length. (December 2013)|
12 January 1964 |
|Field||Artist, Designer, Collector|
Toby Victor Mott (born 12 January 1964) is a British artist, designer and sometime Punk historian known for his work with the Grey Organisation, an artists' collective that was active in the 1980s, and for his fashion brand Toby Pimlico. More recently he has won acclaim for the Mott Collection, an archive of UK punk rock and political ephemera that includes over 1,000 posters, flyers and fanzines.
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Gallery
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Life and career
Toby Mott was born in London 1964. He attended several schools, including Pimlico Comprehensive where he shared a classroom with the screen writer Amy Jenkins and Patrick Harrington an infamous leading member of the National Front. He later studied art at Westminster Kingsway College. Mott was a founder member of the ASA (Anarchist Street Army, a late 1970s organisation that caused disturbances in the Pimlico area of London).
In the early 1980s he lived at the Carburton Street squats in Fitzrovia, a centre of artistic activity at the time - other residents included Boy George, Marilyn (singer), Cerith Wyn Evans, Fiona Russell-Powell and Mark Lebon. During this period Mott appeared in a number of films made by the British director Derek Jarman, notably The Angelic Conversation and also appearing in Gilbert & George's “Exister” pieces from 1984, currently in the Tate Collection.
In the late 1980s and early 1990s he was based in New York and Los Angeles working part-time as a bicycle messenger and as an art director for MTV making music videos for various groups, among them Public Enemy, A Tribe called Quest and The Rolling Stones. In 1989 Mott designed album cover graphics for groups such as Information Society (band) and De La Soul, most notably their debut album 3 Feet High and Rising
Anarchist Street Army
The Anarchist Street Army (ASA) was a loose collective of young punks and anarchists from several inner city London Schools including Pimlico Comprehensive and Camden School for Girls, who congregated around an independent record shop on Wilton Road called Recordsville and attended Crass concerts. Their motives as an organisation were varied, but had a general ethos of bringing anarchy and chaos to the London streets, such as crashing Capital Radio's Nicky Horne show in an attempt to save the Roxy, and were a forerunner to later organisations with similar attitudes such as Class War, The Wombles, and protest tactics like Black Bloc. The ASA's motto and anthem was 'Running Riot' a punk rock song by the band Cock Sparrer, later adopted by Right Wing factions within the Oi! movement.
Grey Organisation and solo art career
Mott was a co-founder of the East London art group the Grey Organisation (GO) who were active from 1983 to 1991. GO worked in several mediums including film and video and participated in over 20 international exhibitions. In January 1985 the group committed an act of "art terrorism" by smuggling one of their paintings into the International Contemporary Arts Fair in London. The following year they mounted an attack on Cork Street, then the centre of the London art world, splashing grey paint on the windows of a number of galleries. After this, members of the group were arrested and for a time banned from central London. This resulted in them relocating to New York City where they exhibited at The Civilian Warfare Gallery in the East Village. When GO disbanded in 1991, Mott pursued a solo career exhibiting at White Columns NYC, The Thomas Soloman Garage, Los Angeles and Interim Art, London. He was for many years represented by the Maureen Paley gallery.
In September 2011 Toby Mott produced a series of paintings inspired by the 2011 England riots, the resulting exhibition 'Unrest' was exhibited at Vegas Gallery, London. Many of the paintings in the exhibition were brandished with the slogan 'All Coppers Are Bastards' in gold leaf a reference to the legendary punk/political slogan. Mott said of this exhibition “I was going to call the exhibition, ‘I’ll keep looting until I get caught’— a quote from a looter but which could equally apply to a banker, [T]hose at the bottom are taking their lead from those at the top; although the rioters act in a cruder way, it is essentially the same thing.”
In October 2011, Knightsbridge gallery New Contemporary presented a solo exhibition of paintings by Mott entitled 'This Means Everything'. "The show is comprised of collection of new paintings addressing our culture's present preoccupation with fame and success versus the historical background of nihilism and anarchy as epitomised by the punk movement."
in 2013 Toby Mott will exhibit a print edition of the original album art work, which will be displayed alongside memorabilia such as Mott's original sketch, his gold disc, and other items from his private collection. In an essay written to accompany the exhibition, Mott describes the process of designing the album cover: "De La Soul visit our loft where we lay them down on the floor facing up, their heads making a triangle. We photograph them whilst hanging precariously off a step ladder, one idea being that the cover would not have a right way up. CD's have yet to be the dominant musical format so the vinyl album sleeve is our most effective way of making a statement [...] The intent of the design of De La Soul's, 3 Feet High and Rising LP cover is to be new and bright, with the overlaying of the fluorescent flowers and text reflecting a synthetic pop cartoon look [...] This is a move away from the prevailing macho hip hop visual codes which dominate to this day."
The Mott Collection
Mott began his collection in the late 1970s. In addition to the iconic works of the era, notably those produced by Jamie Reid for The Sex Pistols and Linder Sterling for the Buzzcocks, it includes propaganda from political groups such as Rock Against Racism and the British National Front and memorabilia from the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II, an event that collided with punk's high-water mark in 1977.
In a A Punk's Journey, an essay by Mott which appears in Loud Flash, he writes: "In 1977 my bedroom was covered in posters, flyers and shelves of records and fanzines, and when I left home these significant symbols of my past were stored away. In 1997 I returned from living in America and started to add to my collection. I appreciated the visual immediacy which never seemed tired or dated. The ideals of self empowerment, motivation, action and common cause are evident throughout [the collection]. To me they are the spirit of punk".
Exhibitions of the Mott Collection include:
- Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper, MUSAC, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, March 2010 accompanied by the publication, Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper ISBN 978-84-92572-17-5 a selection of posters and essays designed by cult designer Scott King.
- Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper, Haunch of Venison, London, 2010 accompanied by the publication, Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper ISBN 978-1-905620-54-8 produced by Haunch of Venison. On the occasion of the exhibition at Haunch of Venison a Panel discussion took place on the subject of the enduring legacy of Punk, Moderated by Mark Ingelfield, Gallery Director, panel members: Tony D, editor of Ripped and Torn fanzine, Ray Gange, star of The Clash film Rude Boy, Toby Mott, artist, writer and collector; Teal Triggs, author of the Thames & Hudson book Fanzines, Peter York, style writer and author of The Official Sloane Ranger Handbook.
- Crass, Andrew Roth Gallery, New York, February 2011, accompanied by the publication: Crass 1977 - 1984, PPP Editions, 2011
- Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper, Honor Fraser, Los Angeles, July 2011 accompanied by the publication: Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper at Honor Fraser, designed by Brian Roettinger.
On the occasion of the exhibition at Honor Fraser a panel discussion took place moderated by Professor Vivien Goldman of the NYU Tisch School of the Arts, panel members: Gardar Eide Einarsson, Artist, Billy Idol, Punk Musician, Toby Mott, artist, writer and collector, Simon Reynolds, British author and music journalist.
- We Have Our Own Concept of Time and Motion, Auto Italia South East, London, 25 – 28 Aug.
- Nothing in the World But Youth, Selections from the Mott Collection: Thatcher's youth, Turner Contemporary, Margate, 17 Sept 2011 – 8 Jan 2012 accompanied by the publication: Nothing in the World But Youth, ISBN 978-0-9552363-3-4
- We Are the Writing on the Wall, MoMA PS1: NY Art Book Fair, New York City, 30 September – 2 October accompanied by the publication: 100 Fanzines/10 Years of British Punk - 1976–1985, PPP Editions ISBN 978-0-9826431-0-5 On the occasion of the exhibition at MoMA PS1 a panel discussion took place on the history of British punk fanzines, moderated by Professor Vivien Goldman of the NYU Tisch School of the Arts, Toby Mott, artist, writer and collector, Joly MacFie, fanzine publisher, Victor Brand writer, Michael Gonzales afro-punk music writer.
- Jubilee 2012 - Sixty Punk Singles, The Vinyl Factory, London, 30 May – 24 June 2012.
Accompanied by the exhibition catalogue: Jubilee 2012 - Sixty Punk Singles, designed and printed by Ditto Press, ISBN 978-1-84321-996-4
- KRAFTWERK. 45RPM, The Vinyl Factory, London, 13 Sept – 5 Oct 2012.
An exhibition of forty-five 7" single covers by the German krautrock group Kraftwerk, many designed by Emil Schult. Accompanied by the exhibition catalogue KRAFTWERK. 45RPM, designed and printed by Ditto Press, ISBN 978-09573914-0-6 In the catalogue's introductory essay 'Kraftwerk, Yesterday’s Tomorrow', Mott describes the group's aesthetic as "an analogue past dreaming of today’s digital present."
- David Bowie - Nacht Musik, The Vinyl Factory, London, 7 Feb – 3 March 2013.
An exhibition of forty-five 7" single covers by David Bowie, from his Berlin period. Accompanied by the exhibition catalogue David Bowie - Nacht Musik, designed and printed by Ditto Press, ISBN 978-09573914-1-4
- American Hardcore 1978 - 1990, Vinyl Factory, London, 11 April – 4 May 2013.
An exhibition of fifty 7" single covers by various American Hardcore Punk bands such as Black Flag, JFA, Bad Brains, & The Dicks among others. Accompanied by the exhibition catalogue American Hardcore 1978 - 1990, designed and printed by Ditto Press, ISBN 978-0-9573914-2-0
The Mott Collection - CRASS exhibition
In February 2011 Mott exhibited another part of his collection, Crass, selections from The Mott Collection, an exhibition of over 130 objects and artifacts centered on the anarchic, self-produced culture of the British band Crass, featuring significant pieces by Gee Vaucher, and the influential Crass logo by Dave King, Roth gallery, New York. The exhibition featured artwork, albums and ephemera, including original 12” LPs and EPs, 7” singles from Crass Records, and a complete set of Crass’ iconic house zine, Inter-National Anthem.
The material featured in the exhibition spanned the high period of Crass’ endeavors, from 1978 to 1984, and constitutes a special segment of The Mott Collection. Says Mott: "Crass ended its own story in 1984 a suitable Orwellian demise - but while active they were nothing but authentic, inspiring and principled in a cynical age, answering to no one but themselves."
The Roth Gallery exhibition was also accompanied by a publication: Crass 1977 - 1984, PPP Editions, 2011
The Mott Collection - Jubilee exhibition
To celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, the Mott Collection exhibited a collection of sixty 7" punk singles including records by The Clash, Ian Dury, The Cortinas, and the Buzzcocks among others. The exhibition was accompanied by a publication of the same name reproducing various group's cover artwork including the iconic God Save the Queen by the Sex Pistols. In an interview with Peter Aspden in the Financial Times, Mott discusses how the Queen became an icon of the punk movement after the Sex Pistols defaced Cecil Beaton's portrait of her with a safety-pin.
“I was playing some of the records yesterday,” said Mott. “They are amazing. They are so musical. They are like pop. I can’t believe my parents said they were nothing but noise. Really, it is something you would want your own kids to be doing, it was so creative, instead of all this consumer stuff and video games. Punk was portrayed as this negative thing but, in fact, it was a high point and a lasting part of British culture. And that is why we should be celebrating it. Punk marked the end of the postwar period. It gave birth to individualism and then the Thatcher era that followed.” 
Mott contributed an introductory essay to the book, stating: "On the way to the fish ‘n’ chip shop, I’m thinking about the Queens Diamond Jubilee and Punk. It occurs to me that, today, they are as much bedfellows as red double-decker buses and black London taxis. Once, in 1977, The Queen - the actual representation of the British state - and The Sex Pistols - the raw voice of youthful rebellion – were engaged with each other in some tortured parasitical dance of opposites, the young versus the old: the nation fractured. Now we view Punk as much a part of Britishness as chicken tikka masala. Its underlying rage is still vocal, its target not so much The Queen as social injustice. The monarchy an anachronism as much as pints of bitter and fish ‘n’ chips in a corporate KFC world."
The book was designed by Ditto Press and printed on a Risograph machine.
Toby Pimlico is a fashion label based on paintings by Toby Mott. Mott began making paintings based on detention school ‘lines’ such as “I Will Try Harder”; these were then transferred onto t-shirts, transforming them into a recognisable design motif. He came up with the brand name, Toby Pimlico, and an initial six designs, including “I Must Not Chase the Boys” and “I Have Nothing To Wear”.
The label was launched at London Fashion Week in 1998.
The Brand now includes a range of tea towels, maternity wear and knickers.
Mott responded to his own success and transition from Punk to artist-businessman by calling himself a ‘Gold Card Anarchist’
2005 arrest & Personal life
In 2005, Mott was involved in an incident with a "gang" of youths near his home in Notting Hill Gate; according to the British newspaper The Daily Mail, Mott called the police after the assault and told them he was carrying CS gas for his own protection. He was then arrested for possession of a weapon and held for 11 hours at high-security Paddington Green police station.
Mott divorced celebrity hairdresser Louise Galvin in 2008 after one year of marriage, as reported in the Evening Standard. Mott met Galvin through a mutual friend, she was already several months pregnant when they married. "The marriage was never going to work, I discovered Louise had matching Louis Vuitton luggage" says Mott.
Their daughter was born In 2007.
||This section contains a gallery of images.|
Loud Flash, British Punk on Paper, MUSAC, Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Castilla y León, 2010
Crass, Andrew Roth Gallery, New York, February 2011
Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper, Honor Fraser, Los Angeles, July 2011
Nothing in the World But Youth: Turner Contemporary, Margate, 17 Sept 2011 – 8 Jan 2012
Toby Mott and Adam Ant at Loud Flash: British Punk on Paper, Haunch of Venison gallery, London, 2010
- Debretts 2003-2004
- [http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2010/aug/29/loud-flash-punk-posters-fanzines The Observer 29 August 2010
- [http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/lifestyle/article-23876288-the-punk-of-pimlico.do.ES magazine, Evening Standard 11 September 2010
- [http://www.debretts.com/people/biographies/browse/m/21093/Toby%20Victor+MOTT.aspx. Debretts 2003-2004
- [http://www.tokyohipstersclub.com/magazine/english_text/an_artist_wearing_a_gray_suit.htmlTokyo Hipsters Journal
- [http://www.frieze.com/issue/review/some_drawings_from_london Frieze October 1996
- [http://artnews.org/gallery.php?i=4918&exi=20037Loud_Flash_British_Punk_on_PaperArt News
- Artforum, November 2011
- Curated Mag, January 2011
- Word Press, January 2011
- Jubilee 2012 - Sixty Punk Singles, The Vinyl Factory, London, 2012
- http://www.brandrepublic.com/news/525707/Toby-Pimlico-clothing-brand-makes-25000-list-available/ Brand Republic3rd November, 2005
- http://www.heraldscotland.com/sport/spl/aberdeen/giving-the-lot-to-charity-rebecca-mcquillan-looks-at-the-latest-example-of-the-fashion-industry-wearing-its-social-conscience-on-its-designer-shirt-sleeve-1.159480#Herald Scotland
- [http://www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/columnists/article-337494/Stars-designer-arrested-fighting-gang.html The Daily Mail 11 February 2005
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Toby Mott|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toby Mott.|
- Interview with Toby Mott in Isis magazine
- Painting by Toby Mott in the Chelsea and Westminster Health Charity art collection
- Creative Review on KRAFTWERK 45
- Financial Times on Jubilee – Sixty Punk Singles
- Interview with Toby Mott on Talking About My Generation
- Interview with Toby Mott at D&AD
- Panel discussion: 100 Fanzines/10 Years of British Punk: 1976-1985
- Toby Mott talks about Jeremy Paxman's underwear
- Punk on Paper panel discussion, Honor Fraser Gallery
- Haunch of Venison Panel Discussion video
- Huffington Post - The Punk Movement: 10 Years of British Punk Chronicled
- Andrew Roth Gallery
- Haunch of Venison
- Toby Mott in Gilbert & George's 'The Existers' (In yellow suit, seated next to George)