New South Wales
The levee and foreshore park at Tocumwal
|Population||1,860 (2006 Census)|
|Elevation||126 m (413 ft)|
|Location||270 km (168 mi) from Melbourne|
Tocumwal (// TOH-kəm-wawl) is a town in the southern Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia, in the Berrigan Shire local government area, near the Victorian border. The town is situated on the banks of the Murray River, 270 kilometres (170 mi) north of the city of Melbourne. The Newell Highway, part of the main road route between Brisbane and Melbourne commences at Tocumwal. At the 2006 census, Tocumwal had a population of 1,860.
Prior to European settlement, the Tocumwal area was inhabited by the Ulupna and Bangerang Aborigines. The first pastoral runs were established in the 1840s. The town was established in the early 1860s and recognised as a village in 1872. Tocumwal Post Office opened on 1 August 1868.
A standard gauge branch line from the New South Wales Government Railways Main Southern railway line at Junee reached Narrandera in 1881 and a branch from Narrandera was completed to Tocumwal in 1898. The broad gauge Victorian Railways Melbourne-Shepparton railway line was extended to Tocumwal in 1908, creating a break-of-gauge at Tocumwal until the New South Wales Government Railways line was closed south of Narrandera (about 1980).
During the Second World War the town was the site of Royal Australian Air Force Station Tocumwal, which was a major Royal Australian Air Force training airfield and aircraft depot. Today, the airfield is a renowned gliding site.
||This section possibly contains original research. (August 2012)|
After the war families were housed at the American air Force Hospital,the men travelled daily over the river to Yarroweyah to work on farms which they could then apply for under the soldier settlement scheme. The Hospital was on or next to Barooga Station. Living quarters were made in long Nissen huts, 3-4 in each with a shared bathroom. Single quarters were at the front and a cook was employed for them.
The Big Murray Cod on the Tocumwal foreshore
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tocumwal (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
- "Tocumwal". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11
- "Travel - Tocumwal". Sydney Morning Herald. 2004-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-18.
- "Tocumwal Branch". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
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