Tocumwal

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Tocumwal
New South Wales
Tocumwal Levee Bank.JPG
The levee and foreshore park at Tocumwal
Tocumwal is located in New South Wales
Tocumwal
Tocumwal
Coordinates 35°48′54″S 145°34′05″E / 35.81500°S 145.56806°E / -35.81500; 145.56806Coordinates: 35°48′54″S 145°34′05″E / 35.81500°S 145.56806°E / -35.81500; 145.56806
Population 1,860 (2006 Census)[1]
Postcode(s) 2714
Elevation 126 m (413 ft)
Location 270 km (168 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s) Berrigan Shire
County Denison
State electorate(s) Murray-Darling
Federal Division(s) Farrer
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.9 °C
73 °F
9.6 °C
49 °F
448.6 mm
17.7 in

Tocumwal (/ˈtkəmwɔːl/ TOH-kəm-wawl)[2] is a town in the southern Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia, in the Berrigan Shire local government area, near the Victorian border. The town is situated on the banks of the Murray River, 270 kilometres (170 mi) north of the city of Melbourne. The Newell Highway, part of the main road route between Brisbane and Melbourne commences at Tocumwal. At the 2006 census, Tocumwal had a population of 1,860.[1]

The town is said to be named for the local Aboriginal word for "deep hole in the river".[3]

History[edit]

Prior to European settlement, the Tocumwal area was inhabited by the Ulupna and Bangerang Aborigines. The first pastoral runs were established in the 1840s. The town was established in the early 1860s and recognised as a village in 1872. Tocumwal Post Office opened on 1 August 1868.[4]

Prior to Federation, Tocumwal was an important customs point for goods crossing between the then colonies of Victoria and New South Wales.[5]

A standard gauge branch line from the New South Wales Government Railways Main Southern railway line at Junee reached Narrandera in 1881 and a branch from Narrandera was completed to Tocumwal in 1898.[6] The broad gauge Victorian Railways Melbourne-Shepparton railway line was extended to Tocumwal in 1908, creating a break-of-gauge at Tocumwal until the New South Wales Government Railways line was closed south of Narrandera (about 1980).

During the Second World War the town was the site of Royal Australian Air Force Station Tocumwal, which was a major Royal Australian Air Force training airfield and aircraft depot. Today, the airfield is a renowned gliding site.[citation needed]

After the war families were housed at the American air Force Hospital,the men travelled daily over the river to Yarroweyah to work on farms which they could then apply for under the soldier settlement scheme. The Hospital was on or next to Barooga Station. Living quarters were made in long Nissen huts, 3-4 in each with a shared bathroom. Single quarters were at the front and a cook was employed for them.

Because of the break-of-gauge between the railways north and south of Tocumwal, this station was a natural choice for military oriented storage facilities and munitions dumps.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tocumwal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.8
(114.4)
45.7
(114.3)
41.8
(107.2)
37.0
(98.6)
29.0
(84.2)
23.7
(74.7)
25.5
(77.9)
30.5
(86.9)
34.0
(93.2)
37.0
(98.6)
43.5
(110.3)
43.5
(110.3)
45.8
(114.4)
Average high °C (°F) 31.8
(89.2)
31.4
(88.5)
28.0
(82.4)
23.0
(73.4)
18.4
(65.1)
14.8
(58.6)
13.9
(57)
15.8
(60.4)
18.8
(65.8)
22.4
(72.3)
26.7
(80.1)
29.4
(84.9)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61)
13.6
(56.5)
9.7
(49.5)
6.7
(44.1)
4.3
(39.7)
3.4
(38.1)
4.3
(39.7)
6.3
(43.3)
8.8
(47.8)
11.9
(53.4)
14.0
(57.2)
9.6
(49.3)
Record low °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
6.8
(44.2)
5.0
(41)
0.0
(32)
−2.1
(28.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
−4.3
(24.3)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.3
(34.3)
2.9
(37.2)
5.1
(41.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32.4
(1.276)
29.8
(1.173)
34.8
(1.37)
31.7
(1.248)
40.9
(1.61)
43.9
(1.728)
42.3
(1.665)
43.0
(1.693)
38.9
(1.531)
43.4
(1.709)
34.2
(1.346)
34.0
(1.339)
449.5
(17.697)
Avg. precipitation days 3.9 3.5 4.5 5.0 7.2 9.0 10.1 10.1 8.2 7.2 5.5 4.5 78.7
 % humidity 33 35 38 46 57 65 65 57 52 45 38 33 47
Source: [7]

Facilities[edit]

Tocumwal has one state and one Catholic primary school. The nearest high school is in Finley, 21 kilometres (13 mi) to the north.

Australian rules football, cricket and netball are all very popular in the town. Notable sporting teams include the Tocumwal Football Club (The Bloods) who compete in the Picola & District Football League

Tocumwal is in the federal Division of Farrer and the state Electoral district of Murray-Darling.

Tocumwal was also where the largest Murray cod in the world was caught.[8]

Tocumwal has a 36-hole championship golf course at the Tocumwal Golf Club,[9] a bowls club[10] and is well known internationally for gliding at SportAviation.[11]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tocumwal (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Tocumwal". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  5. ^ "Travel - Tocumwal". Sydney Morning Herald. 2004-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-18. 
  6. ^ "Tocumwal Branch". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 2007-02-01. 
  7. ^ "Climate statistics for". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  8. ^ http://www.tocumwal.nsw.au/tocumwal_foreshore.html
  9. ^ http://www.tocumwalgolf.com.au
  10. ^ http://www.tocumwalbowlingclub.com
  11. ^ http://www.sportaviation.com.au

External links[edit]