Todd County, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Todd County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Todd County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded 1909[1] in its present form. (A previous Todd County existed further to the east along the Missouri River.)
Named for John Blair Smith Todd
Seat None
Largest city Mission
Area
 • Total 1,391 sq mi (3,602 km2)
 • Land 1,388 sq mi (3,595 km2)
 • Water 2.3 sq mi (7 km2), 0.20%
Population
 • (2010) 9,612
 • Density 2/sq mi (1/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Footnotes: Winner in neighboring Tripp County serves as it administrative center.

Todd County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,612.[2] Its largest city is Mission. Todd County does not have its own county seat. Instead, Winner in neighboring Tripp County serves as its administrative center.[3] The county is named after John Blair Smith Todd (April 4, 1814 – January 5, 1872) who was a delegate from Dakota Territory to the United States House of Representatives[1] and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was a cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln.

The county lies entirely within the Rosebud Indian Reservation and is coterminous with the main reservation (exclusive of off-reservation trust lands, which lie in four nearby counties). It is one of five South Dakota counties entirely within an Indian reservation. (The others are Corson, Dewey, Shannon, and Ziebach.) By per capita income, is the 5th poorest county in the nation.

History[edit]

Until 1981 Todd, Shannon and Washabaugh County, South Dakota, were the last unorganized counties in the United States. Although then organized, Todd did not receive a home rule charter until 1983. As noted above, it contracts with Tripp County for its Auditor, Treasurer, and Registrar of Deeds.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,391 square miles (3,600 km2), of which 1,389 square miles (3,600 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 2,164
1920 2,784 28.7%
1930 5,898 111.9%
1940 5,714 −3.1%
1950 4,758 −16.7%
1960 4,661 −2.0%
1970 6,606 41.7%
1980 7,328 10.9%
1990 8,352 14.0%
2000 9,050 8.4%
2010 9,612 6.2%
Est. 2013 9,982 3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[2]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 9,050 people, 2,462 households, and 1,917 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,766 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.60% Native American, 12.57% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.14% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. 1.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,462 households out of which 48.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.20% were married couples living together, 31.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.10% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.62 and the average family size was 4.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 44.00% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 14.80% from 45 to 64, and 5.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $20,035, and the median income for a family was $19,533. Males had a median income of $20,993 as opposed to $21,449 for females. The per capita income for the county was $7,714. About 44.00% of families and 48.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 57.60% of those under age 18 and 33.50% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.[8]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

2010 United States Census population[9]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into two areas of unorganized territory: East Todd and West Todd.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Legislative Manual, South Dakota, 2005, p. 597
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ [1], accessed April 19, 2009.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  8. ^ Lottery Winner from Winner, SD Yahoo! News Published 6 June 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: South Dakota". Population Census. 2010 United States Census. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 

Coordinates: 43°11′N 100°44′W / 43.18°N 100.73°W / 43.18; -100.73