Todd Solondz, March 20, 2009
October 15, 1959 |
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
Todd Solondz (born October 15, 1959) is an American independent film screenwriter and director known for his style of dark, thought-provoking, socially conscious satire. Solondz has been critically acclaimed for his examination of the "dark underbelly of middle class American suburbia," a reflection of his own background in New Jersey. His work includes Welcome to the Dollhouse (1995), Happiness (1998), Storytelling (2001), Palindromes (2004), Life During Wartime (2009), and Dark Horse (2012).
Solondz was born in Newark, New Jersey. He is of Jewish descent. Solondz wrote several screenplays while working as a delivery boy for the Writers Guild of America. Solondz earned his undergraduate degree in English from Yale and attended New York University's (NYU) Graduate MFA Program in film and television, but did not complete a degree.
During the early 1990s, Solondz worked as a teacher of English as a second language to newly arrived Russian immigrants at NYANA, a refugee resettlement agency in New York City (his co-workers there included Alexander Gelman, Gary Shteyngart and Roman Turovsky), an experience he has described as deeply rewarding. In his film Happiness, the character Joy finds a similar experience to be traumatic. It leads her to be more sympathetic to workers' strikes.
One of Solondz's short films, Schatt's Last Shot, was made in 1985. The title character is a high schooler who wants to get into Stanford, but his gym teacher hates him. The teacher fails him because he cannot make a shot in basketball. He has no luck with the girl of his dreams, but he wishes he was more like the coach, whom he challenges to a game of one-on-one.
In 1989 Solondz wrote and directed Fear, Anxiety & Depression, an episodic comedy about fledgling playwright Ira (played by Solondz) and his frustrating interactions with the opposite sex. The film contains several musical interludes, including three songs written for the film. Stanley Tucci appears in one of his earliest roles as an old, disliked acquaintance of Ira's, who takes up playwriting on a whim and becomes the toast of Off-Broadway.
Welcome to the Dollhouse
The frustrations of his first feature led Solondz to swear off further involvement with the industry. More than five years later, an attorney friend urged Solondz to give filmmaking another go, and promised partial finance for any project Solondz came up with. The end result was 1995's Welcome to the Dollhouse, which went on to win the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival. The dark comedy follows the travails of Dawn Wiener, a bespectacled, toothy, and shy 7th-grade girl who is mercilessly teased at school and treated to alternating contempt and neglect at home. It was distinct from most earlier films about adolescent abuse due to its complex characterization. It gave a sympathetic portrayal of the bully antagonist Brandon, and its depiction of Dawn, the ostensible protagonist and victim of the story, showed her as deeply flawed and sometimes cruel. The film was a major success among critics, and a moderate success at the box office. It was a festival hit, with screenings all over the world.
Solondz's next piece was Happiness (1998), a highly controversial film due to the themes explored in it, which range from rape, pedophilia, suicide and murder to a bizarre sexual phone caller. After the original distributor October Films dropped it, the film was distributed by Good Machine Releasing. The movie received numerous awards, including International Critics' Prize at the Cannes Film Festival, and yielded strong critical praise for Solondz.
Storytelling and Palindromes
In 2001, Solondz released Storytelling, which premiered at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival. It is a film separated into two parts, entitled "Fiction" and "Nonfiction." The two stories share two thematic elements, but deal with each in an autonomous manner. Solondz used this format because he wanted to "find a fresh structure, a fresh form, and a different way of tackling what may be identical geographical material." When Solondz initially presented the film to the MPAA, he was told that if he wished to receive a rating other than NC-17, he would have to remove a scene of explicit sex involving a white female and a black male. However, due to a clause in Solondz's contract, the censors were forced to omit the scene with a bright red box covering the actors. "For me it's a great victory to have a big red box, the first red box in any studio feature [...] it's right in your face: You're not allowed to see this in our country." Solondz did, however, remove a portion of the film (which has variously been reported as either a subplot of the second story, or a third story entirely) which contained a sex scene involving two male actors (one of whom was James Van Der Beek).
Solondz's next film, Palindromes (2004), raised the eyebrows of many pundits and reviewers due to its themes of child molestation, statutory rape and abortion. The film was financed largely by the filmmaker. Like all of Solondz's previous films, Palindromes is set in suburban New Jersey. It was released unrated in the US.
Life During Wartime
Life During Wartime (formerly known as Forgiveness) was produced by John Hart and Evamere Entertainment and released in 2009. Solondz said the film is a companion piece to Happiness and Welcome to the Dollhouse. Life During Wartime has characters in common with the two earlier films, but played by different actors and with loose continuity. Information about the characters in the film, and their differences from those of its predecessor Happiness, first emerged in August 2009. The film features Ally Sheedy, Renée Taylor, Paul Reubens, Ciarán Hinds, Shirley Henderson, Michael Lerner, Michael Kenneth Williams, Rich Pecci, Charlotte Rampling, Paris Hilton, Allison Janney and Chris Marquette.
The film debuted at the Telluride Film Festival in September 2009; it was nominated for the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in August–September 2009, and it won the Osella award there for Best Screenplay.
In July 2010 Solondz completed the script of his next film, Dark Horse, which was filmed in Fall 2010. To Solondz's surprise, the Creative Artists Agency has appreciated the script, the first time for a movie of his. Solondz commented that he realized this is because "there's no rape, there's no child molestation, there's no masturbation, and then I thought, 'omg, why didn't I think of this years ago?'"
On September 5, 2011, Dark Horse was presented at the Venice Film Festival. On October 14, 2011, Dark Horse made its European premiere at the BFI London Film Festival. The film received a mixed reception. On April 23, 2012, Dark Horse was announced as the Closing Night selection for Maryland Film Festival 2012.
On December 19, 2009, Solondz joined as adjunct professor the New York University's Tisch School of the Arts; he alternates semesters between New York's main campus of the school, and the grad film sister program at the Tisch Asia campus in Singapore. He teaches Directing and Writing the Feature.
In 2007, Solondz was honored with the Filmmaker on the Edge Award at the Provincetown International Film Festival.
- "Todd Solondz - WOLFMAN PRODUCTIONS". Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- Kaminer, Amir (2010-08-17). "Finding the Humor in Pedophilia" (in Hebrew). ynet. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
- "The Todd Solondz Picture Pages". Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "The A.V. Club - Is There A God?". Retrieved 2006-09-26.
- Interview at Salon.com, 1/30/2002
- Interview in The Guardian, 4/15/2005
- CHUD.com - A film site for the brilliant
- Carl Swanson, "Somewhat Happily Ever After: Todd Solondz introduces forgiveness to his latest grim comedy, Life During Wartime," New York July 11, 2010: "'The first scene of this movie, it's shot exactly as if you're watching Happiness again. . . . But then I can subvert it and take it someplace else.'"
- Festival di Venezia 2009: Life During Wartime di Todd Solondz - Alla ricerca dei personaggi e della trama
- Child, Ben (2008-11-12). "Solondz casts Hilton in Happiness follow-up". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-11-12.
- Venice Film Festival 66th edition awards
- Exclusive: Todd Solondz's Next Picture 'Dark Horse' Shoots This Fall 7/12/2010
- Simone, "Dark Horse: il prossimo film di Todd Solondz," badtaste.it, July 12, 2010, retrieved July 15, 2010: "ho realizzato che non ci sono stupri, molestie ai bambini, non c'è masturbazione, e ho pensato 'oddio, perchè non li ho fatto anni fa?'."
- Todd Solondz Joins NYU Grad Film Faculty
- Moore, Michelle E. "If it was a Rape, Then Why Would She be a Whore?: Rape in Todd Solondz' Films." Rape in Art Cinema. Ed. Dominique Russell. New York: Continuum Press, 2010. 129-144.
- Todd Solondz at the Internet Movie Database
- ToddSolondz.com - Website dedicated to the films of Todd Solondz
- Gothamist interview - with Todd Solondz, April 2005
- A review of Life During Wartime by Andréa Grunert (in French)
- Literature on Todd Solondz