Toden Arakawa Line
8500 series trams crossing near Asukayama Station
|Owner||Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei)|
|Line length||12.2 km (7.6 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||600 V DC overhead catenary|
The Toden Arakawa Line (都電荒川線 Toden Arakawa-sen?) is a streetcar line in Tokyo, Japan, operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei). The Arakawa Line is the sole survivor of Tokyo's once-extensive Tokyo Toden streetcar system, but it is not the only tram line in Tokyo, as the privately owned Tōkyū Setagaya Line is also classified as a streetcar (路面電車 romen densha?).
All stations are located in Tokyo.
- Both the Tokyo Metro and Toei stations are displayed on station maps as being distant from one another, and are not announced as transfer points for one another.
- 7000 series
- 7500 series
- 8500 series
- 9000 series
- 8800 series
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
The line was originally constructed by the Oji Electric Tram Company (王子電気軌道 Ōji-denki-kidō?) as a part of their extensive network, with the oldest section still operating today opened in 1913. The line was at threat of being shut down along with the rest of Tokyo's streetcar system in the 1960s, but concerted opposition from residents prevented this and parts of lines 27 (Minowabashi-Akabane) and 32 (Arakawa-Waseda) were merged to form the line as it is today. The line was sold to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation in 1974, which renamed it the Toden Arakawa Line.
The Toden Arakawa Line operates between the terminals at Minowabashi Station and Waseda Station. It runs along Meiji Street between Asuka-yama Station and Oji Eki-mae Station. Otherwise, it operates on its own tracks. Presently, single driver-operated cars make the 12.2 km trip in 50 minutes. The gauge is 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in). The line is fully double-track, and draws 600 V electrical supply.
Two Toden Arakawa trams (one in revenue service, the other undergoing brake testing) collided on June 13, 2006 near the Minowabashi terminus, injuring 27 people.
As of 2006, there are no plans to replace or eliminate the tram line. However, the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line and the Nippori-Toneri Liner, which both opened in 2008, provide alternative routes for some tram users and may impact the line's profitability.
The Toden Arakawa Line operates in northern and eastern Tokyo outside the main tourist areas. The terminus at Minowabashi is near the historical site of Edo's red-light district Yoshiwara which features a completely covered shopping street, several blocks long, in the once common "Ameyoko" style (a shōtengai). Those can nowadays only be seen in Tokyo's outlying neighborhoods.
L.W. Demery, R. Forty, R. DeGroote and J.W. Higgins, Electric Railways of Japan (Interurbans- Tramways-Metros) Vol.1: Tokyo and Northern Japan. Light Rail Transit Association, 1983.
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