Tofieldia

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Tofieldia
Auf dem Lavafeld Dimmuborgir 6059.JPG
Tofieldia pusilla
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Tofieldiaceae
Genus: Tofieldia
Huds.
Type species
Tofieldia palustris [1]
Huds.
Synonyms[2]

Tofieldia is a small genus of flowering plants described as a genus in 1778.[3][4] It is widespread across much of Europe, Asia, and North America.[2][5][6][7]

Tofieldia was once placed in the lily family, but now generally included in the newer family Tofieldiaceae. The genus sometimes includes species of genus Triantha. Tofieldia are rhizomatous perennial herbs with spikes or racemes of lily-like flowers.

The name Tofieldia commemorates the British botanist Thomas Tofield.[5]

Species[2]
  1. Tofieldia calyculata (L.) Wahlenb. - much of Europe from Spain to Ukraine
  2. Tofieldia cernua Sm. - Siberia + Russian Far East
  3. Tofieldia coccinea Richardson - Russia, Mongolia, China, Japan, Korea, Alaska, Canada
  4. Tofieldia divergens Bureau & Franch. - China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan)
  5. Tofieldia furusei (Hiyama) M.N.Tamura & Fuse - Honshu
  6. Tofieldia glabra Nutt. - North and South Carolina
  7. Tofieldia himalaica Baker - Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh
  8. Tofieldia × hybrida A.Kern. ex Asch. & Graebn. - Austrian and Italian Alps
  9. Tofieldia nuda Maxim. - Honshu, Kyushu
  10. Tofieldia okuboi Makino - Japan, Kuril Islands
  11. Tofieldia pusilla (Michx.) Pers. - Subarctic + Subalpine Europe, Asia and North America
  12. Tofieldia thibetica Franch. - Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan
  13. Tofieldia yoshiiana Makino - Korea, Japan

References[edit]

  1. ^ Le Roy Abrams & Roxana Stinchfield Ferris (1923). Ophioglossaceae to Aristolochiaceae, ferns to birthworts. Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States 1. Stanford University Press. p. 372. ISBN 9780804700030. 
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Hudson, William. 1778. Flora Anglica, Editio Altera 157("175").
  4. ^ Tropicos, Tofieldia Huds.
  5. ^ a b Flora of North America
  6. ^ Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 76 岩菖蒲属 yan chang pu shu Tofieldia Hudson, Fl. Angl., ed. 2. 157 [175]. 1778.
  7. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Tofieldiaincludes photos and European distribution maps

External links[edit]