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Togdheer is bordered by Ethiopia to the south, and the Somali regions of Woqooyi Galbeed, Sanaag and Sool. With its capital at Burao (Burco), the region's name is derived from the Togdheer River, which means "Long River" in Somali.
As with much of northern Somalia, most local residents in the Togdheer region are nomadic pastoralists.
The government of the autonomous Puntland macro-region in northeastern Somalia claims the southeastern Togdheer region as its territory, and calls this area, centered around the town of Buuhoodle, the Ayn region of Puntland. This is in contrast to the Somaliland macro-region in northwestern Somalia, which also claims the area as part of its territory.
The Togdheer region consists of the following four districts:
- "Somalia". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Somaliland: Governor Cautions Togdheer Residents
- Bradbury, Mark (2008). Becoming Somaliland. Progressio. p. 201. ISBN 0253351782.
- "Puntland State". Puntland State Government. Retrieved 2007-02-06.
- "Districts of Somalia". Statoids. Retrieved 6 December 2013.