Tohoku proportional representation block

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The Tōhoku proportional representation block (比例[代表]東北ブロック, Hirei [daihyō] Tōhoku burokku) is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) blocks for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists of Tōhoku region, namely the prefectures of Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata and Fukushima. Following the introduction of proportional voting it elected 16 representatives in 1996. Since 2000, the Tōhoku PR block elects 14 Representatives.

Summary of results[edit]

All major national parties have managed to obtain at least one of the PR seats in Tōhoku since the introduction of proportional voting in 1996. The region also contains several strongholds: Aomori in particular is a typical "conservative kingdom" and leans towards the LDP alongside with the Western prefectures along the Sea of Japan coast; Iwate is the home of Ichirō Ozawa, former NFP, LP and DPJ president and a "Democratic kingdom" having also the first prefectural parliament in Japan where the Democrats managed to obtain the status of strongest party in 2007.

General election DPJ LDP Kōmeitō JCP SDP NFP ('96)/
LP ('00)/
TPJ ('12)
JRP YP Others
Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats Votes  % Seats
1996 513,410 11.1 2 1,630,777 35.3 6 442,790 9.6 1 382,271 8.3 1 1,532,987 33.2 6 121,828 2.6 0
2000 1,024,253 21.2 3 1,545,028 32.0 5 474,238 9.8 1 391,055 8.1 1 517,267 10.7 1 786,751 16.3 3 96,174 2.0 0
2003 1,784,768 37.4 5 1,794,284 37.6 6 565,179 11.9 1 313,290 6.6 1 310,187 6.5 1
2005 1,748,165 33.6 5 1,901,595 36.5 6 620,638 11.9 1 325,176 6.2 1 362,523 7.0 1 244,933 4.7 0
2009 2,433,836 45.5 7 1,491,761 27.9 4 516,688 9.7 1 315,201 5.9 1 316,635 5.9 1 241,445 4.5 0 36,295 0.7 0
2012 805,709 18.6 3 1,238,716 28.6 5 398,131 9.2 1 256,838 5.9 1 160,367 3.7 0 391,216 9.0 1 725,006 16.7 2 306,102 7.1 1 56,412 1.3 0

Party names are abbreviated as follows (format: abbreviation, translated name, Japanese name, Engrish name):

List of Representatives[edit]

Note: Party affiliations as of election day.

Years Elected Representatives
1996– Zenmei Matsumoto Ichirō Hino Kōdō Kohata Tatsuo Sasayama Kōki Hagino Yoshiyuki Hozumi Ichio Kumagai Toshiaki Endō
Kenjirō Hatakeyama Kōichirō Genba Yoshihisa Inoue Yasusuke Konta Kijūrō Sugahara Hidefumi Minorikawa Kōji Futada Tokuichirō Tamazawa
2000– Zenmei Matsumoto Ichirō Hino
died 2003, replaced by
Masayo Tanabu
Yasusuke Konta Kijūrō Sugahara
resigned 2001, replaced by
Kentarō Ishihara
Yoshinobu Takahashi Hidefumi Minorikawa
died 2003, replaced by
Kyōichi Tsushima
Hiroyuki Arai Kōji Sakamoto
Tetsuo Kanno Takao Satō Kentarō Kudō Yoshihisa Inoue Kōki Hagino Ichio Kumagai
2003– Chizuko Takahashi Kiyohito Hashimoto Yōsuke Kondō Michihiko Kano Masayoshi Yoshino Kōki Hagino Tokuichirō Tamazawa
Kiyohiro Yamamoto Teruhiko Mashiko Izumi Yoshida Yoshihisa Inoue Kōji Futada Kyōichi Tsushima Masashi Nakano
2005– Chizuko Takahashi Kazuko Kōri Yōsuke Kondō Masayo Tanabu Kōji Sakamoto Tatsuo Satō Atsushi Watanabe
Tetsuo Kanno Hokuto Yokoyama Izumi Yoshida Yoshihisa Inoue Masashi Nakano Tokuichirō Tamazawa Kōji Futada
2009– Chizuko Takahashi Masayo Tanabu Noriko Nakanowatari Kazuo Takamatsu Kazuyuki Yamaguchi Masayoshi Yoshino Toshiaki Endō
Hideo Yoshiizumi Kyōichi Tsushima Miki Wajima
resigned in 2012, replaced by
Ippu Watanabe
Chōuemon Kikuchi Yoshihisa Inoue Ken'ya Akiba Katsutoshi Kaneda
2012–[1] Chizuko Takahashi Izumi Yoshida Kazuko Kōri Shinji Oguma Yoshihisa Inoue Takashi Fujiwara Miyo Ōkubo
Kōji Hata Yōsuke Kondō Hiroki Hayashi Toshihide Muraoka Hinako Takahashi Hidenori Hashimoto Sachiko Kanno

Election result 2009[edit]

Tōhoku block results in the 2009 general election[2][3]
LDP: 1,491,761 votes (27.9%), 4 seats DPJ: 2,433,836 votes (45.5%), 7 seats Kōmeitō: 516,688 votes (9.7%), 1 seat
# Candidate District "Loss ratio"
(sekihairitsu)
Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
1 Masayoshi Yoshino Fukushima 3 (35.5%) Elected 1 Masayo Tanabu Aomori 3 99.5% Elected 1 Yoshihisa Inoue PR only Elected
2 Ken'ya Akiba PR only Elected Kyōichi Tsushima Aomori 4 86.8% Elected 2 Kaneshige Wakamatsu
3 Toshiaki Endō Yamagata 1 98.7% Elected Noriko Nakanowatari Aomori 2 74.2% Elected 3 Tetsuya Kawamata
Katsutoshi Kaneda Akita 2 98.5% Elected Hokuto Yokoyama Aomori 1 Won district JCP: 315,201 votes (5.9%), 1 seat
Akinori Eto Aomori 2 Won district Takeshi Shina Iwate 1 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Tadamori Ōshima Aomori 3 Won district Kōji Hata Iwate 2 Won district 1 Chizuko Takahashi PR only Elected
Tarō Kimura Aomori 4 Won district Tōru Kikawada Iwate 3 Won district 2 Shizue Miyamoto
Itsunori Onodera Miyagi 6 Won district Kazuko Kōri Miyagi 1 Won district 3 Satoshi Suzuki Akita 1 17.0%
Kōichi Katō Yamagata 3 Won district Yasunori Saitō Miyagi 2 Won district Mikio Katō Miyagi 4 9.9%
Nobuhide Minorikawa Akita 3 88.9% Kiyohito Hashimoto Miyagi 3 Won district Yō Yoshimata Aomori 1 7.8%
Yoshitaka Kameoka Fukushima 1 87.4% Keiki Ishiyama Miyagi 4 Won district Sadakiyo Segawa Iwate 4 6.1%
Takumi Nemoto Fukushima 2 84.9% Jun Azumi Miyagi 5 Won district Masayuki Satō Yamagata 1 5.6%
Shun'ichi Suzuki Iwate 2 82.1% Manabu Terata Akita 1 Won district SDP: 316,635 votes (5.9%), 1 seat
Akihiro Nishimura Miyagi 3 79.0% Mikiko Kyōno Akita 3 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Shintarō Itō Miyagi 4 77.2% Michihiko Kano Yamagata 1 Won district 1 Hideo Yoshiizumi Yamagata 3 61.5% Elected
Masami Saitō Miyagi 5 70.7% Yōsuke Kondō Yamagata 2 Won district Tetsuo Kanno Miyagi 6 53.6%
Kōji Futada Akita 1 66.3% Yōsaburō Ishihara Fukushima 1 Won district Kiyohiro Yamamoto Akita 2 25.2%
Kōji Sakamoto Fukushima 5 65.5% Kazumi Ōta Fukushima 2 Won district Senryō Obara Iwate 4 21.5%
Masashi Nakano Miyagi 2 62.3% Kōichirō Genba Fukushima 3 Won district Hidehiko Watanabe Aomori 1 12.6%
Tōru Doi Miyagi 1 58.2% Kōzō Watanabe Fukushima 4 Won district Masahiro Isawa Iwate 1 11.2%
Atsushi Watanabe Fukushima 4 53.8% Izumi Yoshida Fukushima 5 Won district YP: 241,445 votes (4.5%), no seat
Hironori Suzuki Yamagata 2 48.7% 22 Miki Wajima PR only Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Hidenori Hashimoto Iwate 3 46.9% 23 Kazuo Takamatsu Elected 1 Shinji Oguma Fukushima 4 46.7%
Hinako Takahashi Iwate 1 43.4% 24 Chōuemon Kikuchi Elected Shigehito Sasaki Akita 2 9.2%
Yoshinobu Takahashi Iwate 4 31.1% 25 Kazuyuki Yamaguchi Elected HRP: 36,295 votes (0.7%), no seat
26 Nobuhiro Ōmiya PR only 26 Tamikazu Kawaguchi (removed) # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
27 Shigeyo Nagaoka 27 Ippu Watanabe (in 2012) 1 Hironori Matsushima PR only
28 Hisataka Satō 28 Hisashi Suzuki 2 Yukiya Uejō
3 Maki Akimoto

References[edit]