Toine Manders

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For the Libertarian Party politician, see Toine Manders (politician, 1969).
Toine Manders
Video Introduction (English) / (Dutch)

Toine Manders (born on 14 March 1956) is a Dutch politician and Member of the European Parliament. He served for the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy from 20 July 1999 until 17 October 2013 as part of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE). He left the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy to become the party leader for the 50PLUS party in the European Parliament election, 2014. He is now an independent MEP, while still part of the ALDE.

Early life[edit]

Manders was born on 14 March 1956 in Stiphout. He attended the Academy for Industrial Design in Tilburg, graduating in 1982. He proceeded to study law Maastricht University, earning his degree in 1993.[1]

Political career[edit]

Manders started his political career in the municipal council of Asten, of which he was a member between 1994 and 1999. He concurrently served as a member of the States-Provincial of North Brabant since 1995. In 1999 he resigned from both positions to run for the European Parliament.[1]

He served for the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament from 20 July 1999 until 17 October 2013 as part of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. He got enough preferences votes during each of the three elections to be chosen independent of his list position.[2] He left the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy to become the party leader for the 50PLUS party in the European Parliament election, 2014.[2] Manders felt that his former party had switched too much toward the political right, he also agreed that the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy's decision to limit their MEP terms to three might have influenced his decision. As Manders already served three terms he would not be eligible anymore.[2]

In 2009, he rejected as "outrageous" an allegation by a Protestant group that the flag of Europe is a marian symbol, saying that similar symbols were also found in ancient Greece.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Drs. A.J.M. (Toine) Manders" (in Dutch). Parlement.com. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Toine Manders (VVD) lijsttrekker 50PLUS" (in Dutch). De Telegraaf. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "Dutch Protestants find EU Mary quite contrary". Ecumenical News International. 16 March 2009. Retrieved 2 November 2013. 

External links[edit]