Tokat

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Tokat
Municipality
Traditional houses of Tokat.
Traditional houses of Tokat.
Tokat is located in Turkey
Tokat
Tokat
Coordinates: 40°18′50″N 36°33′15″E / 40.31389°N 36.55417°E / 40.31389; 36.55417Coordinates: 40°18′50″N 36°33′15″E / 40.31389°N 36.55417°E / 40.31389; 36.55417
Country Turkey
Province Tokat
Government
 • Mayor Adnan Çiçek
 • Governor Mustafa Taşkesen
Area[1]
 • District 1,923.01 km2 (742.48 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 132,437
 • District 182,225
 • District density 95/km2 (250/sq mi)
postal code 60100, 60200
Area code(s) +90 356
Website www.tokat.gov.tr

Tokat is the capital city of Tokat Province of Turkey, at the mid Black Sea region of Anatolia. According to the 2009 census, the city of Tokat has a population of 129,879.

History[edit]

TOKAT was established in the Hittite era. During the time of king Mithradates VI of Pontus, it was one of his many strongholds in Asia Minor. It was later incorporated into the western part of the Byzantine Greek Empire of Trebizond.

After the Battle of Manzikert the town, like most of Asia Minor, came under the control of the Seljuq Turks, but remained a centre of Pontic Greek culture and the Greek Orthodox church. After the death of Sultan Suleiman ibn Qutulmish in 1086, the Emir Danishmend Gazi took control of the area, operating from his power base in the town of Sivas. It would be many decades before the Seljuks took control of that region, in the reign of Kilij Arslan II.

After the Battle of Köse Dağ, Seljuk hold over the region was lost, and local Emirs such as the Eretna took power until the rise of the Ottomans.

Climate[edit]

Tokat has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen:Csa).

Climate data for Tokat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
8.1
(46.6)
13.1
(55.6)
18.9
(66)
23.4
(74.1)
26.7
(80.1)
29.0
(84.2)
29.5
(85.1)
26.3
(79.3)
20.7
(69.3)
13.6
(56.5)
8.0
(46.4)
18.61
(65.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
3.4
(38.1)
7.4
(45.3)
12.5
(54.5)
16.5
(61.7)
19.9
(67.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.3
(72.1)
18.7
(65.7)
13.7
(56.7)
7.9
(46.2)
3.8
(38.8)
12.52
(54.52)
Average low °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
2.4
(36.3)
6.6
(43.9)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
15.5
(59.9)
15.5
(59.9)
12.1
(53.8)
8.2
(46.8)
3.4
(38.1)
0.4
(32.7)
7.04
(44.68)
Precipitation mm (inches) 40.3
(1.587)
34.2
(1.346)
40.0
(1.575)
56.1
(2.209)
59.3
(2.335)
38.0
(1.496)
11.5
(0.453)
5.7
(0.224)
17.8
(0.701)
39.5
(1.555)
44.9
(1.768)
47.8
(1.882)
435.1
(17.131)
Avg. rainy days 11.3 10.9 12.1 12.9 13.7 8.7 3.0 2.3 4.9 8.0 9.5 12.0 109.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.8 106.4 155 183 229.4 258 272.8 288.3 252 186 123 77.5 2,218.2
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [3]

Economy[edit]

Historically, copper was mined in the area.

Main sights[edit]

Façade of the Gök Medrese in Tokat, founded by the Pervâne in around 1270.

The most important landmark is the Ottoman Citadel, with 28 towers, founded on a rocky hill overlooking the town. Other sights include the remains of several Greek Orthodox churches and a cathedral, the Garipler Mosque dating to the 12th century and the Ali Paşa Mosque (16th century) and the Gök Medrese (Pervane Bey Darussifasi), which was constructed in 1270. It was founded as a school of theology, and is now converted into a museum, housing archaeological finds from the area.

The Latifoglu Konak, a late 18th-century Ottoman residence, is an example Baroque architecture. The two-story building has been restored and converted into a small museum. Much of the furniture in the kitchen, study, visitors' rooms with bath and toilet, bedroom, master's room and harem is original.

The city is also home to Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi, founded in 1992 and named after the local hero, Gazi Osman Paşa.

People[edit]

Cuisine[edit]

Foods distinctive to Tokat include Tokat Kebabi and Zile pekmezi, the latter of which is served in a wooden pot. Zile pekmezi is made from grapes after a special treatment.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=TOKAT

External links[edit]