Traditional houses of Tokat.
|• Mayor||Av.Eyüp Eroğlu|
|• Governor||Cevdet Can|
|• District||1,923.01 km2 (742.48 sq mi)|
|• District density||95/km2 (250/sq mi)|
|postal code||60100, 60200|
|Area code(s)||+90 356|
Tokat was established in the Hittite era. During the time of king Mithradates VI of Pontus, it was one of his many strongholds in Asia Minor. It was later incorporated into the western part of the Byzantine Greek Empire of Trebizond.
After the Battle of Manzikert the town, like most of Asia Minor, came under the control of the Seljuq Turks, but remained a centre of Pontic Greek culture and the Greek Orthodox church. After the death of Sultan Suleiman ibn Qutulmish in 1086, the Emir Danishmend Gazi took control of the area, operating from his power base in the town of Sivas. It would be many decades before the Seljuks took control of that region, in the reign of Kilij Arslan II.
|Climate data for Tokat|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.8
|Precipitation mm (inches)||40.3
|Avg. rainy days||11.3||10.9||12.1||12.9||13.7||8.7||3.0||2.3||4.9||8.0||9.5||12.0||109.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||86.8||106.4||155||183||229.4||258||272.8||288.3||252||186||123||77.5||2,218.2|
|Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü |
Historically, copper was mined in the area.
Gaziosmanpaşa University is one of Turkey's newer tertiary institutions, founded in Tokat 1992.
Football is the most popular sport: in the older districts above the city center children often kick balls around in the evenings in the smallest streets. The city's football club is Tokatspor, which plays its games at the Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa Stadium.
Basketball, volleyball, tennis, swimming, cable skiing (in summer), horse riding, go karting, paintballing, martial arts and many other sports are played. Cycling and jogging are only common along the sea front, where recreational fishing is also popular.
The most important landmark is the Ottoman Citadel, with 28 towers, founded on a rocky hill overlooking the town. Other sights include the remains of several Greek Orthodox churches and a cathedral, the Garipler Mosque dating to the 12th century and the Ali Paşa Mosque (16th century) and the Gök Medrese (Pervane Bey Darussifasi), which was constructed in 1270. It was founded as a school of theology, and is now converted into a museum, housing archaeological finds from the area.
The Latifoglu Konak, a late 18th-century Ottoman residence, is an example Baroque architecture. The two-story building has been restored and converted into a small museum. Much of the furniture in the kitchen, study, visitors' rooms with bath and toilet, bedroom, master's room and harem is original.
- Gazi Osman Paşa (1832-1897), Ottoman commander
- Mehmet Emin Tokadi Hazretleri (1664-1745), Sufi saint of Istanbul
- Krikor Balakian (1875-1934), Armenian bishop
- Cahit Külebi (1917–1997), Turkish poet
- Engin Günaydın (1972-), Turkish actor and comedian
- Hüseyin Akbaş (1933-1989), Turkish World and Olympic Champion in weightlifting
- Seda Sayan (1964-), Turkish pop folk singer, actress and TV variety-show hostess
Foods distinctive to Tokat include Tokat Kebabi and Zile pekmezi, the latter of which is served in a wooden pot. Zile pekmezi is made from grapes after a special treatment.
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Resmi İstatistikler (İllerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler) DMİ.gov.tr (4 September 2014)
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