Tokugawa Ieyoshi

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In this Japanese name, the family name is Tokugawa.
Tokugawa Ieyoshi
Tokugawa Ieyoshi.JPG
12th Tokugawa Shogun
In office
Monarch Emperor Ninkō
Emperor Kōmei
Preceded by Tokugawa Ienari
Succeeded by Tokugawa Iesada
Personal details
Born (1793-06-22)22 June 1793
Died 27 July 1853(1853-07-27) (aged 60)

Tokugawa Ieyoshi (徳川 家慶, June 22, 1793–July 27, 1853; r.1837–1853) was the 12th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.[1]

He was the second son of the 11th shogun, Tokugawa Ienari, and appointed Mizuno Tadakuni to conduct the Tenpo reform.

Shortly after the arrival of U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry, in 1853, whose purpose was to negotiate a treaty allowing American trade with Japan, Tokugawa Ieyoshi died, and was succeeded by his third son Tokugawa Iesada.[2] The following year the Tokugawa shogunate was forced to accept the American demands after signing the Convention of Kanagawa.

Events of Ieyoshi's bakufu[edit]

  • 1837 (Tenpō 7): Tokugawa Ieyoshi becomes the 12th shogun of the bakufu government.[1]
Ieyoshi's commemorative memorial at Zōjō-ji

Ieyoshi died in 1853. His grave is at the Tokugawa family mausoleum at Zōjō-ji in Shiba.

Eras of Ieyoshi's bakufu[edit]

The years in which Ieyoshi was shogun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.

In popular culture[edit]

Tokugawa Ieyoshi is a minor character in Stephen Sondheim's musical "Pacific Overtures," although he is not named. In a departure from history, the musical depicts him being murdered by his mother for political reasons, using poisoned chrysanthemum tea.

He is also a minor character in the first two Nemuri Kyoshiro made-for-TV specials starring Tamura Masakazu.


  1. ^ a b Hall, John Whitney et al. (1991). Early Modern Japan, p. 21.
  2. ^ The American naval expedition planners did have the forethought to incorporate reference material written by men whose published accounts of Japan were based on first-hand experience. J.W. Spaulding brought with him books by Japanologists Engelbert Kaempfer, Carl Peter Thunberg, and Isaac Titsingh. -- Screech, T. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822, p.73.


External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Tokugawa Ienari
Edo Shogun:
Tokugawa Ieyoshi

Succeeded by
Tokugawa Iesada