Tokuyama Dam

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Tokuyama Dam
Tokuyama Dam.jpg
Tokuyama Dam
Tokuyama Dam is located in Japan
Tokuyama Dam
Location of Tokuyama Dam
Location Ibigawa, Ibi District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan
Coordinates 35°39′55″N 136°30′08″E / 35.66528°N 136.50222°E / 35.66528; 136.50222Coordinates: 35°39′55″N 136°30′08″E / 35.66528°N 136.50222°E / 35.66528; 136.50222
Construction began 2000
Opening date 2008
Construction cost $360 million USD
Owner(s) Japan Water Agency
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment, rock-fill
Impounds Ibi River
Height 161 m (528 ft)
Length 427.1 m (1,401 ft)
Dam volume 13,700,000 m3 (480,000,000 cu ft)
Spillway type Service, gate-controlled
Reservoir
Creates Tokuyama Reservoir
Total capacity 660,000,000 m3 (540,000 acre·ft)
Catchment area 254.5 km2 (98.3 sq mi)
Surface area 13 km2 (5.0 sq mi)
Power station
Operator(s) Chubu Electric
Commission date 2014 est.
Type Conventional
Installed capacity 153 MW

The Tokuyama Dam (徳山ダム Tokuyama damu?) is an embankment dam near Ibigawa, Ibi District, Gifu Prefecture in Japan. The dam was completed in 2008 and will support a 153 MW hydroelectric power station that is expected to be complete in 2014. The dam was originally intended to withhold the upper reservoir of a 400 MW pumped-storage power station until a design change in 2004. The dam is also intended for flood control and water supply. It is the largest dam by structural volume in Japan and withholds the country's largest reservoir by volume as well.[1]

History[edit]

In December 1957, Electric Power Development Company (J-Power) selected the Ibi River for study at the 23rd Electric Power Development Coordinating Meeting. By May 1976, the Ministry of Construction released their bulletin "Policy on Tokuyama Dam Construction Project". In December 1982, the project was incorporated into the Electric Power Development Basic Plan.[2] It was approved by the government in 1998.[3] The original project was a pumped-storage hydroelectric scheme which consisted of the Tokuyama Dam as the upper reservoir, the Sugihara Dam as the lower and the 400 MW Sugihara Power Plant.[4]

Construction on the dam started in May 2000 but by May 2004 J-Power and Chubu Electric announced they had changed the design of the project due to the concerns and protests of locals and groups. Instead of the pumped-storage hydroelectric scheme, only the Tokuyama Dam would be constructed with a 153 MW conventional power station. Subsequently, the Sugihara Dam and Sugihara Power Plant were scrapped from the project.[4] During construction, the 503 m (1,650 ft) long Tokunoyama Hattoku Bridge was constructed upstream. With improved techniques and equipment, fill for the dam was laid at a pace of 6,200,000 m3 (220,000,000 cu ft) per year, enabling the dam to be constructed in 26 months. Sediment from the Yokoyama Dam's reservoir was used as fill as well.[1] In September 2006 initial filling of the reservoir behind the Tokuyama Dam began and by June 2008, the dam was complete. Filling was complete in September. In October of the same year, J-Power passed oversight of the power station construction to Chubu.[4][2]

Design[edit]

The Tokuyama Dam is a 427.1 m (1,401 ft) long and 161 m (528 ft) high rock-fill embankment dam with a clay core. The total structural volume of the dam is 13,700,000 m3 (480,000,000 cu ft). The dam creates a reservoir with a 660,000,000 m3 (2.3×1010 cu ft) capacity, surface area of 13 km2 (5.0 sq mi) and catchment area of 254.5 km2 (98.3 sq mi).[1] The dam's power station will contain two turbine generators, one with a 130 MW capacity and another with a 23 MW capacity for a total of 153 MW. The power station will process a maximum of 100 m3/s (3,500 cu ft/s) for power production. The power station is expected to be operational in 2014.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "The Tokuyama Dam". Japan Water Agency. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Change of Oversight of Tokuyama Power Station Plan". CHUBU Electric. October 14, 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2010. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Appeal fails; largest dam, in works since '57, can be built". The Japan Times. July 7, 2006. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c "Press Release Changes to the development project for the Tokuyama Power Plant and Sugihara Power Plant". CHUBU Electric. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 

External links[edit]