Tokyo 1st district (1947–93)

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Tokyo's 1st district was a constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan (national legislature). Between 1947 and 1993 it elected four, later three representatives by single non-transferable vote. It initially consisted of Tokyo's Chiyoda, Chūō, Minato, Shinjuku, Bunkyō and Taitō special wards. In the 1964 redistricting Chūō, Bunkyō and Taitō were split off to form the new 8th district.

It was represented by several influential political leaders in postwar Japan, namely right-wing Socialist Inejirō Asanuma, Communist Sanzō Nosaka and, after the lifting of SCAP Douglas MacArthur's purge and his recovery from a stroke, anti-mainstream conservative Ichirō Hatoyama. Later representatives included former Tokyo governor Seiichirō Yasui, construction minister Yūji Ōtsuka, JSP chairman Ichio Asukata, education minister Kaoru Yosano and Shimin League president and DPJ co-founder Banri Kaieda.

Summary of results during the 1955 party system[edit]

General election 1958 1960 1963 1967 1969 1972 1976 1979 1980 1983 1986 1990 1993
LDP & conservative independents 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 1
Opposition center-left 0 0 1 1 2 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 2
JSP 2 2 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0
JCP 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Seats up 4 3

Elected Representatives[edit]

election
year
highest vote
(top tōsen)
2nd 3rd 4th
1947[1] Inejirō Asanuma (JSP) Yoshio Sakurauchi (DP) Hyō Hara (JSP) Sanzō Nosaka (JCP)
1949[2] Sanzō Nosaka (JCP) Mitsuharu Ide (DLP) Inejirō Asanuma (JSP) Sentarō Nomura (DLP)
1952[3] Ichirō Hatoyama (LP) Inejirō Asanuma (JSP, right) Hyō Hara (JSP, left) Masuzumi Andō (LP)
1953[4] Ichirō Hatoyama (Hatoyama LP) Masuzumi Andō (Yoshida LP) Hyō Hara (JSP, left)
1955[5] Ichirō Hatoyama (JDP) Masuzumi Andō (JDP) Hyō Hara (JSP, left) Inejirō Asanuma (JSP, right)
1958[6] Eiichi Tanaka (LDP) Inejirō Asanuma (JSP) Hyō Hara (JSP) Ichirō Hatoyama (LDP)
1960[7] Seiichirō Yasui (LDP) Keiko (?) Asanuma[8] (JSP) Eiichi Tanaka (LDP) Hyō Hara (JSP)
1963[9] Eiichi Tanaka (LDP) Yoshikata Asō (DSP) Hyō Hara (JSP) Kyūkichi Shinomiya (?)[10] (LDP)
1967[11] Ken’ichi Hirosawa (JSP) Yoshikata Asō (DSP)
1969[12] Yoshikata Asō (DSP) Michiko Watanabe (Kōmeitō)
1972[13] Yojirō Konno (JCP) Eiichi Tanaka (LDP) Kiyomasa Katō (JSP)
1976[14] Yoshikata Asō (Indep.) Kaoru Yosano (LDP) Yūji Ōtsuka (LDP)
1979[15] Ichio Asukata (JSP) Yoshiaki Kiuchi (Kōmeitō) Yūji Ōtsuka (LDP)
1980[16] Kaoru Yosano (LDP) Yūji Ōtsuka (LDP) Ichio Asukata (JSP)
1983[17] Yoshiaki Kiuchi (Kōmeitō)
1986[18]
1990[19] Kikuko Suzuki (JSP) Kaoru Yosano (LDP) Yūji Ōtsuka (LDP)
1993[20] Banri Kaieda (JNP) Taizō Shibano (JRP)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 衆議院>第23回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  2. ^ 衆議院>第24回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  3. ^ 衆議院>第25回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  4. ^ 衆議院>第26回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  5. ^ 衆議院>第27回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  6. ^ 衆議院>第28回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  7. ^ 衆議院>第29回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  8. ^ 浅沼亨子
  9. ^ 衆議院>第30回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  10. ^ 四宮久吉
  11. ^ 衆議院>第31回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  12. ^ 衆議院>第32回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  13. ^ 衆議院>第33回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  14. ^ 衆議院>第34回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  15. ^ 衆議院>第35回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  16. ^ 衆議院>第36回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  17. ^ 衆議院>第37回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  18. ^ 衆議院>第38回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  19. ^ 衆議院>第39回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  20. ^ 衆議院>第40回衆議院議員選挙>東京都>東京1区. ザ・選挙 (in Japanese). JANJAN. Retrieved 2010-01-26.