|The Big Egg, Tokyo Big Egg|
|Location||3, Koraku 1-chome, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan|
|Owner||Tokyo Dome Corporation|
Facility Capacity Area Site: 112,456 m2 (27.788 acres)
|Surface||Astroturf (1988 to 2002)
|Opened||March 17, 1988|
|Nippon Ham Fighters (NPB (Pacific League)) (1988–2003)|
Tokyo Dome (東京ドーム Tōkyō Dōmu, TYO: 9681) is a 55,000-seat baseball stadium located in Bunkyo Ward of Tokyo, Japan. Construction on the stadium began on May 16, 1985, and it opened for business on March 17, 1988. It was built on the site of the Velodrome, adjacent to the predecessor ballpark, Kōrakuen Stadium. Like Kōrakuen, the Dome hosts the Toei Superheroes live shows of the year.
Tokyo Dome's original nickname was "The Big Egg", with some calling it the "Tokyo Big Egg". Its dome-shaped roof is an air-supported structure, a flexible membrane held up by slightly pressurizing the inside of the stadium.
It is the home field of the Yomiuri Giants baseball team, and has also hosted music concerts, basketball, American football and association football games, as well as puroresu (pro-wrestling) matches, mixed martial arts events, kickboxing events, monster truck races, and music concerts. It is also the location of the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame which chronicles the history of baseball in Japan.
Under the ground rules set up by the dome, any ball which hits or is trapped by the hanging items in outfield area's roof will be ruled as home runs. Hitting any other part of the roof will be considered as in-play. In addition, prize money will be given out if any home run hits the advertisement boards in the scoreboard.
In Japan the phrase, "Tokyo Dome" is sometimes used as a unit of measure for area and even volume.
Tokyo Dome City
Tokyo Dome is part of a greater entertainment complex known as Tokyo Dome City, built of the grounds of the former Tokyo Koishikawa arsenal. Tokyo Dome City includes an amusement park and Tokyo Dome City Attractions (formerly Kōrakuen Grounds). This amusement park occupies the former Korakuen Stadium site and includes a roller coaster named Thunder Dolphin and a hubless Ferris wheel. The grounds also have an onsen called Spa LaQua, various shops, restaurants, video game centers, the largest JRA WINS horse race betting complex in Tokyo, and Oft Korakuen, which caters to rural horse races.
Mariah Carey's three sold out shows at the Dome during her 1996 Daydream World Tour on March 7, 10, 14 set records when all 150,000 tickets sold in under 3 hours. She later performed at the Dome for 4 nights during her 1998 Butterfly World Tour on January 11, 14, 17, 20 and 2 nights during her 2000 Rainbow World Tour on March 7 and 9. Overall, Carey performed at the Tokyo Dome 9 sold out concerts to date. Mick Jagger was the first international act to play in the Tokyo Dome on March 22 and 23, 1988. Bon Jovi followed suit and played at the Tokyo Dome on 31 December 1988. The band has since performed total of 19 concerts at Tokyo Dome, most recently in 2010 as part of The Circle Tour. American star Janet Jackson performed at the Dome in 1990, selling out four shows in 7 minutes, creating the record for the fastest sell out in the history of Tokyo Dome. Then, L'Arc~en~Ciel improved that record The stadium played host to Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on September 27, 1988. The show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and also featured Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Tracy Chapman and Youssou N'Dour.
Former Beatle Paul McCartney performed for six nights in March 1990 during the Paul McCartney World Tour, 3 nights in November 1993 during The New World Tour, and three nights in November 2002 during the Driving Japan leg of his Driving World Tour. After an 11 year absence in Japan, he performed again in the Tokyo Dome for three nights in November 2013 during the Out There! Tour, for a total of 15 performances at the venue.
The Rolling Stones performed 10 concerts at the stadium during Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour, later they performed 7 concerts during the Voodoo Lounge Tour in 1995. The band returned to Japan in 1998 to play more 4 concerts, part of the Bridges to Babylon Tour then again in 2003, for 2 more concerts were held at the dome during Licks Tour. After 3 years, the band returned in 2006 to perform again 2 more shows at the venue as part of their highest grossing tour A Bigger Bang Tour, making the Rolling Stones the highest performer at the stadium with a total of 25 concerts. They returned again in February/March 2014 to perform 3 more shows as part of their 14 On Fire tour so they would then have a record 28 shows at the stadium over 24 years. The 1st show on February 26, 2014 was exactly 24 years to the day later than their 9th show at the stadium during Steel Wheels (February 26, 1990).
American superstar Michael Jackson was one of the highest performers at the dome, with a total of 21 concerts. The first nine of them, all sold out, on December 9, 10 & 11; 17, 18 & 19; and 24, 25 & 26, 1988, during his Bad World Tour. Four years later, Jackson returned to perform at Tokyo Dome, this time as part of his Dangerous World Tour, in eight sold out concerts, on December 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 24 and 30 & 31, 1992. His last four concerts took place in 1996, on December 12, 15, 17 and 20 of that year, during Michael's HIStory World Tour. More than 1 million people have seen these 21 concerts, more than any other artist in the country's history.
Heavy metal band X Japan has performed at Tokyo Dome many times, including: their last concert with former bassist Taiji on January 7, 1992 (On the Verge of Destruction 1992.1.7 Tokyo Dome Live) and their last concert before disbanding on December 31, 1997 (The Last Live Video). The arena also hosted their first concerts after reuniting in 2007; March 28–30, 2008.
In February 1992, Guns N' Roses played three sold out shows at the arena during their Use Your Illusion Tour, one of which was released as a 2-part DVD. Nearly 18 years later, with their new line-up, on December 19, 2009, during their Chinese Democracy Tour, they played the longest show in their career at 3 hours and 37 minutes.
Yellow Magic Orchestra played two sold out concerts at the arena on June 10–11, 1993. This was their only two concerts since their dissolution in 1983 and would be their last until their reformation in 2007.
Hello! Project performed their Hello! Project Sports Festival at Tokyo Dome. It was the second Sports Festival held by Hello! Project and took place on November 22, 2003. It was released on DVD on New Year's Day.
On July 22, 2007, Kinki Kids held their 10th anniversary concert at Tokyo Dome, which drew a crowd of about 67,000 fans, making it the biggest concert ever held at the Dome. The record was previously held by Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi in 1992 when his concert drew an audience of 65,000.
Rock band Luna Sea held a one night reunion concert titled "God Bless You ~One Night Dejavu~" on December 24, 2007. It was their first performance together after they "dropped the curtain" in 2000. The show was broadcast live on NHK BS Hi-vision Satellite and was released on DVD a year later.
In December 2010, Luna Sea performed three consecutive days at the arena during their "20th Anniversary World Tour Reboot -to the New Moon-" limited reunion world tour. The first two (sold out) concerts on December 23–24 were a formal part of the tour, where they performed their popular songs as well as two new ones. The last day, December 25, was a free, black clothing only, concert titled "Lunacy Kurofuku Gentei Gig ~the Holy Night~" with an attendance of 50,000 people, chosen out of the 500,000 applicants where they played only older material.
On May 2012, Korean group Super Junior performed at Tokyo Dome for their Super Show 4 world concert tour. It was the first time that the group performed at the Tokyo Dome. Super Junior performed at Tokyo Dome for two nights from May 12–13 part of their world tour ‘Super Show 4’ along with 110,000 fans filling up the entire venue forming their signature sapphire blue ocean. Following their successful Super Show 4 during the previous year, Super Junior held their concert for their 2013 Super Show 5 world tour at Tokyo Dome. With their two-day tour on July 27–28, 2013, Super Junior was able to bring approximately 110,468 audience. Super Junior again held a concert at the Tokyo Dome for their third world concert tour, Super Show 6 in October 2014. There were an estimated 112,388 fans who attended the concert.
The Dome hosted an annual college football game known as the Coca-Cola Bowl from 1988 to 1993; perhaps the most famous of these games saw Houston Cougars quarterback David Klingler pass for a record 716 yards to lead the 11th-ranked Cougars to a 62-45 victory over the Arizona State Sun Devils on December 1, 1990.
In professional wrestling, New Japan Pro Wrestling has run the January 4 Dome Show, currently promoted as Wrestle Kingdom, every year since 1992. The event is the biggest in puroresu, and roughly analogous to WrestleMania in the U.S.
Tokyo Dome has hosted the two-day X-Trail Jam snowboarding competition seven times since February 2001.
The Chicago Cubs and the New York Mets played a pair of games here to open the 2000 season, the first time American Major League Baseball teams have played regular season games in Asia. The New York Yankees and the Tampa Bay Devil Rays played two games there in March of 2004 to open that season. The Boston Red Sox and the Oakland Athletics opened the 2008 MLB season in Japan as well. These teams also competed against Japanese teams. The Boston Red Sox beat the Oakland Athletics 6–5 in extra innings in the first game. To open the 2012 MLB season the Seattle Mariners and the Oakland A's played a two-game series on March 28–29. In game one Seattle led by Ichiro's 4 hits won 3-1 in 11 innings. On March 29, Yoenis Cespedes hit his first career Major League home run, becoming the first player to do so in Japan.
In October 2003, the (then) Seattle SuperSonics beat the L.A. Clippers in the first pre season exhibition game of the NBA 2003-2004 season.
Tokyo Dome has hosted several championship prize fights, including the heavyweight boxing championship fight on February 11, 1990, where Mike Tyson suffered his first professional defeat by losing the title to 42–1 shot James "Buster" Douglas by a tenth-round knockout.
Before the team moved to Hokkaido in 2004, the Nippon Ham Fighters also used Tokyo Dome as home ground, and continued to use the dome for several regular season games every season, including inter-league games.
In popular culture
- In their song, "The Sounder", the virtual band Gorillaz makes a reference to the Tokyo Dome, saying: "Gorillaz rock the dome just like the one in Tokyo."
- A scene in the Ben Mezrich book Ugly Americans involves a football game between Ivy League and Japanese all-star teams.
- In episode 17 of the anime Baki the Grappler, it is revealed that the underground fighting arena for the world's strongest man is on an underground floor of the Tokyo Dome.
- The dome can actually be seen in NEWS member, Keiichiro Koyama's music video for his solo song, "Love Addiction".
- "TOKYO DOME CITY WEB SITE Architectural Features". Retrieved 2008-03-26.
- Mariah Carey: revisited
- "Janet Jackson Announces Rock Witchu Tour". Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2013-03-29.
- "X Japan Announce Concert Details". japan-zone.com. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
- [dead link]
- "Rain Becomes First K-Pop Star to Perform at Tokyo Dome". Korea Times. 2007-05-27. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
- "KinKi Kids hold largest Tokyo Dome concert ever". Tokyograph. July 22, 2007. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- "「いつかどこかの空の下でまた会おう」LUNA SEA復活ライヴで意味深発言". Barks.jp (in Japanese). 2011-10-29.
- "LUNA SEA Successfully Finish This Tour's Last Overseas Performance in Taiwan!". musicjapanplus.jp. December 21, 2010. Retrieved 2011-02-09.
- SNSD Heats Up the Night in Tokyo Dome with 50,000 Fans Mwave.interest.me (December 10, 2014). Retrieved on December 10, 2014.
- Girls' Generation The Best Live concert is "sold out" (in Korean) Korean Broadcasting System (December 11, 2014). Retrieved on December 11, 2014.
- "Red Sox, A's Japan-bound in 2008". Retrieved 2008-03-26.
- "Moss, Manny fuel comeback". Retrieved 2008-03-26.
- "Seattle Mariners Oakland athletics open 2012 season Tokyo" ESPN.
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