|The Big Egg, Tokyo Big Egg|
|Location||3, Koraku 1-chome, Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan|
|Opened||March 17, 1988|
|Owner||Tokyo Dome Corporation|
|Surface||Astroturf (1988 to 2002)
|Capacity||55,000 (baseball), 42,000 (seated in standard configuration)|
Facility Capacity Area Site: 112,456 m2 (27.788 acres)
|Nippon Ham Fighters (NPB (Pacific League)) (1988–2003)|
Tokyo Dome (東京ドーム Tōkyō Dōmu, TYO: 9681) is a 55,000-seat (actual capacity of 42,000) baseball stadium located in Bunkyo Ward of Tokyo, Japan. Construction on the stadium began on May 16, 1985, and it opened for business on March 17, 1988. It was built on the site of the Velodrome, which was next door to the site of the predecessor ballpark, Kōrakuen Stadium. Like Kōrakuen, the Dome hosts the Toei Superheroes live shows of the year.
Tokyo Dome's original nickname was "The Big Egg", with some calling it the "Tokyo Big Egg". Its dome-shaped roof is an air-supported structure, a flexible membrane held up by slightly pressurizing the inside of the stadium.
It is the home field of the Yomiuri Giants baseball team, and has also hosted basketball, American football and association football games, as well as puroresu (pro-wrestling) matches, mixed martial arts events, kickboxing events, monster truck races, and music concerts. It is also the location of the Japanese Baseball Hall of Fame which chronicles the history of baseball in Japan.
Under the ground rules set up by the dome, any ball which hits or is trapped by the hanging items in outfield area's roof will be ruled as home runs. Hitting any other part of the roof will be considered as in-play. In addition, prize money will be given out if any home run hits the advertisement boards in the scoreboard.
In Japan the phrase, "Tokyo Dome" is sometimes used as a unit of measure for area and even volume.
Tokyo Dome City
Tokyo Dome is part of a greater entertainment complex known as Tokyo Dome City, built of the grounds of the former Tokyo Koishikawa arsenal. Tokyo Dome City includes an amusement park and Tokyo Dome City Attractions (formerly Kōrakuen Grounds). This amusement park occupies the former Korakuen Stadium site and includes a roller coaster named Thunder Dolphin and a hubless Ferris wheel. The grounds also have an onsen called Spa LaQua, various shops, restaurants, video game centers, the largest JRA WINS horse race betting complex in Tokyo, and Oft Korakuen, which caters to rural horse races.
Mick Jagger was the first international act to play in the Tokyo Dome on March 22 and 23, 1988. Bon Jovi first played at the Tokyo Dome on 31 December 1988. The band has since performed total of 19 concerts at Tokyo Dome, most recently in 2010 as part of The Circle Tour. American star Janet Jackson performed at the Dome in 1990, selling out four shows in 7 minutes, creating the record for the fastest sell out in the history of Tokyo Dome. Then, L'Arc~en~Ciel improved that record The stadium played host to Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! Benefit Concert on September 27, 1988. The show was headlined by Sting and Peter Gabriel and also featured Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band, Tracy Chapman and Youssou N'Dour.
Former Beatle Paul McCartney performed for six nights in March 1990 during the Paul McCartney World Tour, 3 nights in November 1993 during The New World Tour, and three nights in November 2002 during the Driving Japan leg of his Driving World Tour. After an 11 year absence in Japan, he performed again in the Tokyo Dome for three nights in November 2013 during the Out There! Tour, for a total of 15 performances at the venue.
The Rolling Stones performed 10 concerts at the stadium during Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour, later they performed 7 concerts during the Voodoo Lounge Tour in 1995. The band returned to Japan in 1998 to play more 4 concerts, part of the Bridges to Babylon Tour then again in 2003, for 2 more concerts were held at the dome during Licks Tour. After 3 years, the band returned in 2006 to perform again 2 more shows at the venue as part of their highest grossing tour A Bigger Bang Tour, making the Rolling Stones the highest performer at the stadium with a total of 25 concerts. They will return again in February/March 2014 to perform 3 more shows as part of their 50 & Counting Tour so they would then have a record 28 shows at the stadium over 24 years. The 1st show on February 26, 2014 will be exactly 24 years to the day later than their 9th show at the stadium during Steel Wheels (February 26, 1990).
American superstar Michael Jackson is one of the highest performers at the dome, with a total of 21 concerts. The first nine of them, all sold out, there were days in December 9, 10 & 11; 17, 18 & 19; and 24, 25 & 26, 1988, during his Bad World Tour. Four years later, Jackson returned to perform at Tokyo Dome, this time as part of his Dangerous World Tour, in eight sold out concerts, in days December 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 24 and 30 & 31, 1992. His last four concerts took place in 1996, on December 12, 15, 17 and 20 of that year, during Michael's HIStory World Tour. More than 1 million people have seen these 21 concerts, more than any other artist in country's history.
Celine Dion has performed 4 sold out shows, 2 during her Let's Talk About Love World Tour and a further 2 shows during her Taking Chances World Tour. She is scheduled to perform a further 2 shows during her upcoming Asia 2014 Tour.
American superstar Mariah Carey performed 3 sold out nights at the Dome during her 1996 Daydream World Tour on March 7, 10, 14. She later performed at the Dome for 4 nights during her 1998 Butterfly World Tour on January 11, 14, 17, 20 and 2 nights during her 2000 Rainbow World Tour on March 7 and 9. Overall, Carey performed at the Tokyo Dome 9 soldout concerts to date.
Heavy metal band X Japan has performed at Tokyo Dome many times, including: their last concert with former bassist Taiji on January 7, 1992 (On the Verge of Destruction 1992.1.7 Tokyo Dome Live) and their last concert before disbanding on December 31, 1997 (The Last Live Video). The arena also hosted their first concerts after reuniting in 2007; March 28–30, 2008.
In February 1992, Guns N' Roses played three sold out shows at the arena during their Use Your Illusion Tour, one of which was released as a 2-part DVD. Nearly 18 years later, with their new line-up, on December 19, 2009, during their Chinese Democracy Tour, they played their longest show in their career, at 3 hours and 37 minutes and longest concert held at the arena.
Yellow Magic Orchestra played two sold out concerts at the arena on June 10–11, 1993. This was their only two concerts since their dissolution in 1983 and would be their last until their reformation in 2007.
American superstar Britney Spears performed here on 25 April 2002 as part of her Dream Within a Dream Tour. The concert was filmed and broadcast throughout the country. This one marks her first show to be held on Asia.
Hello! Project performed their Hello! Project Sports Festival at Tokyo Dome. It was the second Sports Festival held by Hello! Project and took place on November 22, 2003. It was released on DVD on New Year's Day.
The pop star Gackt's Christmas Eve show on December 24, 2005, holds the record as the most expensive and one of the costliest in Japanese concert history. The concert was estimated by his business partners to have cost ¥500 million (or about $4,296,270), he and his other performers took two years to plan and six months to rehearse. Starting with an entrance on horseback at full gallop, performances featured twenty dancers, during the performance of "Lust for Blood" he came out of the coffin, the song "Jūnigatsu no Love Song" included an orchestra of 30 musicians, as well as Gackt singing suspended 20m in the air.
On July 22, 2007, Kinki Kids held their 10th anniversary concert at Tokyo Dome, which drew a crowd of about 67,000 fans, making it the biggest concert ever held at the Dome. The record was previously held by Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi in 1992 when his concert drew an audience of 65,000.
On December 1, 2007, Japanese singer Koda Kumi's "KODA KUMI LIVE TOUR 2007 ～Black Cherry～ SPECIAL FINAL in TOKYO DOME" show was held in Tokyo Dome, which was sold out within a very short time since tickets were released.
On December 22, 2007, Hey! Say! JUMP held their debut concert "Hey! Say! JUMP Debut & First Concert Ikinari! in Tokyo Dome". They became the youngest group ever to perform in Tokyo Dome average age 15.2 years old.
Rock band Luna Sea held a one night reunion concert titled "God Bless You ~One Night Dejavu~" on December 24, 2007. It was their first performance together after they "dropped the curtain" in 2000. The show was broadcast live on NHK BS Hi-vision Satellite and was released on DVD a year later.
In August 2008, KAT-TUN broke the record for the longest consecutive days of concerts, when they performed at the stadium for four days in a row. Less than a year later, they broke their own record with concerts eight days in a row from May 15, 2009, as they sold all tickets immediately. TVXQ finally had their performances at the Tokyo Dome on July 4 and 5, 2009.
In November 3, 2010, Perfume became the second techno-pop unit (after Yellow Magic Orchestra) and second female idol unit (after Speed) to perform at the Dome with their 10th anniversary show titled "1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11". The show sold out within hours of tickets going on sale.
On December 5, 2010, Japanese singer Koda Kumi's "KODA KUMI 10th Anniversary ～FANTASIA～ in TOKYO DOME" concert was held in Tokyo Dome to celebrate her debut 10th anniversary and she performed for 47,000 people. It was the second time the notable singer held her concert in Tokyo Dome since 2007, when she first came with her "Black Cherry Tour", which was sold out within a very short time since tickets were released.
In December 2010, Luna Sea performed three consecutive days at the arena during their "20th Anniversary World Tour Reboot -to the New Moon-" limited reunion world tour. The first two (sold out) concerts on December 23–24 were a formal part of the tour, where they performed their popular songs as well as two new ones. The last day, December 25, was a free, black clothing only, concert titled "Lunacy Kurofuku Gentei Gig ~the Holy Night~" with an attendance of 50,000 people, chosen out of the 500,000 applicants where they played only older material.
On 3 to 4 December 2011, singer and voice actress Nana Mizuki held a two-day concert "Live Castle" with one day titled "King's Night" and the other "Queen's Night". This makes her the first voice actress and 8th Japanese female solo artist to perform in the Tokyo Dome.
In July 28, 2010 best selling Japanese Rock band B'z held the "Ain't No Magic" concert released later on DVD & Blu-ray. The video sold more than 127,000 copies, peaking at number 1 on the Oricon charts.
On 14 to 16 April 2012, TVXQ held their "TVXQ Live Tour 2012 – TONE". The only foreign artists to have held concerts for three consecutive days at the Tokyo Dome were Michael Jackson and the Backstreet Boys. TVXQ has become the third name to make the list by achieving the record for the first time in 11 years.
On December 5, 2012, South Korean idol group BIGBANG performs Tokyo Dome for the first time sell out of all 55,000 concert tickets, during the tour of "BIGBANG ALIVE TOUR 2012 IN JAPAN -SPECIAL FINAL IN DOME-".
Japanese star Namie Amuro performed at Tokyo Dome on December 20 and 21, 2012 (which were both sold out) as part of her 20th Anniversary dome tour, this is her 1st time in 15 years to perform there, and making her as the only Japanese female artist to have the most number of attendance for a Dome Tour (includes Nagoya Dome, Osaka Dome, Fukuoka Dome, and Sapporo Dome).
On January 6, 2013, Kara became the first Korean girl group to held their "Karasia 2013 Happy New Year in Tokyo Dome" concert at Tokyo Dome and the girls sold out all 45,000 tickets to the concert in under 5 minutes.
On April 20 and 21 2013, South Korean "beast idol" boy band 2PM held their first Tokyo Dome tour entitled "Legend of 2PM in Tokyo Dome" as the conclusion of their second Japanese tour, 2PM Arena Tour 2013 "Legend of 2PM" and sold out both days.
TVXQ performed at Tokyo Dome for three consecutive days on June 15, 16 and 17, 2013 as part of their "TVXQ! World Tour Catch Me", including Nagoya Dome, Osaka Dome, Fukuoka Dome, and Sapporo Dome. It was the duo's second time having a 3 consecutive days concert at Tokyo Dome after their "TVXQ Live Tour 2012 – TONE".
On December 2013, South Korean idol group BIGBANG performed at Tokyo Dome for three consecutive days on December 19, 20 and 21. As the 3-day Tokyo Dome concert solds all 165,000 concert tickets. During the BIGBANG's Japan Six-dome tour.
The Dome hosted an annual college football game known as the Coca-Cola Bowl from 1988 to 1993; perhaps the most famous of these games saw Houston Cougars quarterback David Klingler pass for a record 716 yards to lead the 11th-ranked Cougars to a 62-45 victory over the Arizona State Sun Devils on December 1, 1990.
Tokyo Dome has hosted the two-day X-Trail Jam snowboarding competition seven times since February 2001.
The Chicago Cubs and the New York Mets played a pair of games here to open the 2000 season, the first time American Major League Baseball teams have played regular season games in Asia. The New York Yankees and the Tampa Bay Devil Rays played two games there in March of 2004 to open that season. The Boston Red Sox and the Oakland Athletics opened the 2008 MLB season in Japan as well. These teams also competed against Japanese teams. The Boston Red Sox beat the Oakland Athletics 6–5 in extra innings in the first game. To open the 2012 MLB season the Seattle Mariners and the Oakland A's played a two-game series on March 28–29. In game one Seattle led by Ichiro's 4 hits won 3-1 in 11 innings. On March 29, Yoenis Cespedes hit his first career Major League home run, becoming the first player to do so in Japan.
In October 2003, the (then) Seattle SuperSonics beat the L.A. Clippers in the first pre season exhibition game of the NBA 2003-2004 season.
Tokyo Dome has hosted several championship prize fights, including the heavyweight boxing championship fight on February 11, 1990, where Mike Tyson suffered his first professional defeat by losing the title to 42–1 shot James "Buster" Douglas by a tenth-round knockout.
Before the team moved to Hokkaido in 2004, the Nippon Ham Fighters also used Tokyo Dome as home ground, and continued to use the dome for several regular season games every season, including inter-league games.
In November 2006, Billy Joel gave a concert at the Big Egg.
In popular culture
In episode 17 of the anime Baki the Grappler, it is revealed that the underground fighting arena for the world's strongest man is on an underground floor of the Tokyo Dome.
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