Tokyo Institute of Technology

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Tokyo Institute of Technology
東京工業大学
TIT-logo.png
Motto Jidai wo tsukuru chi, waza, kokorozashi, wa no rikōjin (時代を創る知・技・志・和の理工人?)
Motto in English Engineers of the Knowledge, Technology and Passion that Change our World.
Established 1881
Type Public (National)
President Dr Yoshinao Mishima
Academic staff 1,324
Undergraduates 4,940
Postgraduates 5,096
Location Meguro Yokohama Tamachi, Tokyo Kanagawa, Japan
Campus Urban Rural
Colours Royal Blue (DIC-641)     
Mascot None
Website http://www.titech.ac.jp/

Tokyo Institute of Technology (東京工業大学 Tōkyō Kōgyō Daigaku?, informally Tokyo Tech, Tokodai or TIT) is a national top-tier research university located in Greater Tokyo Area, Japan. Tokyo Tech is the largest institution for higher education in Japan dedicated to science and technology. Tokyo Tech enrolled 4,850 undergraduates and 5,006 graduate students for 2009–2010.[1] It employs around 1,400 faculty members.

Tokyo Tech's main campus is located at Ōokayama on the boundary of Meguro and Ota, with its main entrance facing the Ōokayama Station. Other campuses are located in Nagatsuta and Tamachi. Tokyo Tech is organised into 6 schools, within which there are over 40 departments and research centres.[2]

Operating the world-class supercomputer Tsubame 2.0,[3] and taking a breakthrough in high-temperature superconductivity, Tokyo Tech is a major centre for supercomputing technology and condensed matter research in the world.

Tokyo Tech is a member of LAOTSE, an international network of leading universities in Europe and Asia exchanging students and senior scholars. In 2011 it celebrated the 130th anniversary of its founding.[4]

History[edit]

Foundation and early years (1881–1922)[edit]

Tokyo Institute of Technology was founded by the government of Japan as the Tokyo Vocational School on May 26, 1881,[5] 14 years after the Meiji Restoration. To accomplish the quick catch-up to the West, the government expected this school to cultivate new modernized craftsmen and engineers. In 1890, it was renamed Tokyo Technical School. In 1901, it changed name to Tokyo Higher Technical School.

Great Kanto Earthquake and World War II (1923–1945)[edit]

In early days, the school was located in Kuramae, the eastern area of the Greater Tokyo Area, where many craftsmens' workshops had been since the old Shogun's era. The buildings in Kuramae campus were destroyed by the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923. In the following year, the Tokyo Higher Technical School moved from Kuramae to the present site in Ookayama, a south suburb of the Greater Tokyo Area. In 1929 the school became Tokyo Institute of Technology, gaining a status of national university, which allowed the university to award degrees. The university had the Research Laboratory of Building Materials in 1934, and its five years later the Research Laboratory of Resources Utilisation and the Research Laboratory of Precision Machinery were constructed. The Research Laboratory of Ceramic Industry was made in 1943, and one year before the World War Two finished the Research Laboratory of Fuel Science and the Research Laboratory of Electronics were made.

Post-War Era (1946–present)[edit]

After World War II, the new education system was promulgated in 1949 with the National School Establishment Law, and Tokyo Institute of Technology was reorganized. Many three-year courses were turned into four-year courses with the start of the School of Engineering this year. The university started graduate programmes in engineering in 1953. In the following year, the five research laboratories were integrated and reorganised into four new labs: the Research Laboratory of Building Materials, the Research Laboratory of Resources Utilization, the Precision and Intelligence Laboratory and the Research Laboratory of Ceramic Industry, and the School of Engineering was renamed the School of Science and Engineering.

Throughout the post-war reconstruction of the 1950s, the high economic growth era of the 1960s, and the aggressive economic era marching to the Bubble Economy of the 1980s, TIT kept providing Japan its leading engineers, researchers, and business persons. Since April 2004, it has been semi-privatized into the National University Incorporation of Tokyo Institute of Technology under a new law[6] which applied to all national universities.

In its 130 years, Tokyo Tech has provided scientific researchers and engineers and many social leaders, including Naoto Kan who is a former prime minister.

Campuses[edit]

The main building of Ookayama Campus

Tokyo Tech has three campuses, the Ōokayama campus in Ōokayama Meguro as the main campus, Tamachi campus in Shibaura Minato and the Suzukakedai campus, located in Nagatsuta, Midori-ku in Yokohama.

  • Ōokayama Station campus
  • Tamachi campus
  • Suzukakedai campus

Organisation[edit]

Undergraduate schools[edit]

The Centennial Hall in Ōokayama campus
  • School of Science
  • School of Engineering
  • School of Bioscience and Biotechnology

Graduate schools[edit]

  • Graduate School of Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology
  • Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering
  • Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology
  • Graduate School of Innovation Management

Research laboratories[edit]

  • Chemical Resources Laboratory
  • Precision and Intelligence Laboratory
  • Materials and Structures Laboratory
  • Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors
  • Quantum Nano Electronics Research Centre[7]

Politics and Social sciences[edit]

Engineering and Computing[edit]

Chemistry and Life sciences[edit]

Physics and Astronomy[edit]

Other facilities[edit]

Academics[edit]

Libraries[edit]

The main library of Tokyo Tech is the Tokyo Institute of Technology Library in Ookayama. It is the home of Japan's largest science and technology library. The library was founded in 1882,[8] and it lost nearly 28,000 books during the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923. Moved to Ookayama in 1936, it has been the national science and technology library of Japan.

1,200 students and staff visit the library each day.
It has 674,000 books and 2,500 journals, including 1,600 foreign academic journals; the number of international research collections is the largest in Japan. It provides around 7,000 registered electric journals each year. The library is therefore recognised for the outstanding national and international importance and awarded 'Centre of foreign journals' by the government of Japan. Renewal construction of the library was completed on July 2011.

International graduate programmes[edit]

Tokyo Tech runs intensive programmes for obtaining master degree or PhD. Called the Tokyo Tech's International Graduate Program, the programmes are targeted at international students of high academic potential who are not Japanese speakers. Lectures and seminars are given in English mainly by Tokyo Tech's faculty members.[9] Programme starting dates are October or April. Public fundings for these courses are also available; those students who have academic excellence may apply for scholarships from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan.

Rankings[edit]

University rankings (overall)
Kawaijuku National[10] General 4
WE National[11] Employment 2
NBP Greater Tokyo[12][13] Reputation 6
QS Asia
(Asian Ranking version)[14]
General 9
ARWU Asia[15] Research 10–18
THE World[16] General 112
QS World[17] General 57
ARWU World[18] Research 101–150
ENSMP World[19] Alumni 92
University rankings (by subject)
Natural Sciences & Technology

Engineering

Kawaijuku National[20] General 2~3
QS World[21] General 19

MATERIALS SCIENCE

T.Reuters National[22] Research 5
T.Reuters World[22] Research 24

PHYSICS

T.Reuters National[22] Research 5
T.Reuters World[22] Research 31

CHEMISTRY

T.Reuters National[22] Research 5
T.Reuters World[22] Research 22

MATHEMATICS

ARWU National[23] Research 3
ARWU World[23] Research 77–100

ARCHITECTURE

ARE Success National[24] Qualification 23
* T. Reuters World rankings include non-educational institutions

Tokyo Tech is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. It can be seen in the several rankings such as shown below.

General rankings[edit]

The university has been ranked 2nd(National) in 2011 in the field of Engineering "Entrance score ranking of Japanese universities-Department of Engineering" by Score-navi.[25] In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku ranked Tokyo Tech as the 4th best(overall), 2-3rd best in former semester and 1st in latter semester (Department of Engineering) university in Japan (2012).[26]

According to QS World University Rankings, Tokyo Tech was ranked 3rd in Japan and internationally ranked 20th in the field of Engineering and Technology, and 51st in Natural science in 2011.[27] The university was ranked 31st worldwide according to Global University ranking[28] and 57th in 2011 according to QS World University Rankings,[29] It was also ranked 31st worldwide according to the Global University Ranking in 2009.[28]

Research Performance[edit]

Tokyo Tech is one of the top research institutions in natural sciences and technology in Japan. According to Thomson Reuters, its research excellence(Pure science only for this information) is especially distinctive in Materials Science (5th in Japan, 24th in the world),Physics (5th in Japan, 31st in the world), and Chemistry (5th in Japan, 22nd in the world).[30]

Weekly Diamond also reported that Tokyo Tech has the highest research standard in Japan in terms of research fundings per researchers in COE Program.[31] In the same article, it's also ranked 8th in terms of the quality of education by GP funds per student.

In addition, according to the QS World University Rankings on 2012/9 surveyed about the general standards in Engineering&Technology field, Tokyo Tech was placed 19th (world), 2nd(national).[32]

The Tsubame 2.0, which is a large-scale supercomputer in Tokyo Tech, was ranked 5th of the world best-performed computer.(1st in the world as university's owned one) This supercomputer is used for simulation related to the complex systems such as the dynamics of planets or financial systems.

As Tokyo Tech has been emphasizing on 'practical' research, Tokyo Tech got the 2nd place at the number of patents accepted (284) during 2009 among Japanese Universities.[33]

Alumni rankings[edit]

Alumni of Tokyo Tech enjoy their good success in Japanese industries. According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings and the PRESIDENT's article on 2006/10/16, graduates from Tokyo Tech have the 2nd best employment rate in 400 major companies, and the average graduate salary is the 9th best in Japan.[34][35] École des Mines de Paris ranks Tokyo Tech as 92nd in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.[36] Also, according to the article of The New York Times- Universities with the most employable students ranking 2012, Tokyo Tech ranked 14th place in the world(2nd in Asia, 1st in Japan).[37]

Popularity and Selectivity[edit]

Tokyo Tech is one of the most selective universities in Japan. Its entrance difficulty is usually considered as one of the top in Japan.[38][39]

Gallery[edit]

Alumni and Faculty[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ the numbers of graduate students Tokyo Tech facts and stats
  2. ^ the number of undergraduates and departments of Tokyo Tech facts and stats
  3. ^ Japan reclaims no.1 spot on TOP500 list of world's fastest supercomputers International Business Times
  4. ^ "Tokyo Institute of Technology – The 130th Anniversary". 130th.titech.ac.jp. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ "The history of the Tokyo Institute of Technology". titech.ac.jp. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "Welcome to QNERC". Pe.titech.ac.jp. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  8. ^ [2] About us, Tokyo Institute of Technology Library
  9. ^ "Prospectus for International Students". Gakumu.titech.ac.jp. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Kawai 30 Top Japanese Universities". Kawaijuku. 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  14. ^ "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Japan". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  16. ^ "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  17. ^ "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2012–2013. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  19. ^ "ENSMP World University Rankings". École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Kawaijuku japanese universities rankings in Engineering field" (in Japanese). Kawaijuku. 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012. 
  21. ^ "QS topuniversities world rankings in Engineering field". Topuniversities. 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f "Thomson Reuters 10 Top research institutions by subject in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b "ARWU in Mathematics". Shanghai Jiaotong University. 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Architects Registration Exam Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  25. ^ "score navi rankings by field". 
  26. ^ "Kawaijuku- 2013 rank preview". 
  27. ^ "QS Topuniversities in – 2011". Topuniversities.com. Retrieved June 26, 2012. 
  28. ^ a b "globaluniversitiesranking.org". globaluniversitiesranking.org. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  29. ^ "QS World University Rankings". Topuniversities. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters.  (this raking includes non-educational institutions)
  31. ^ "週刊ダイヤモンド" ダイヤモンド社 2010/2/27 http://web.sapmed.ac.jp/kikaku/infomation/0227daiyamondokiji.pdf
  32. ^ "QS world university ranking(2012)". topuniversities.com. Retrieved September 18, 2012. 
  33. ^ (Japanese) 2009 年国内大学別特許公開件数, Japanese patent office, accessed May 3, 2011
  34. ^ "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  35. ^ 大学偏差値情報局 (February 22, 1999). "年収偏差値・給料偏差値ランキング(2006・10・16):稼げる大学はどれ?". Hensachi-ranking.seesaa.net. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  36. ^ http://www.mines-paristech.fr/Actualites/PR/Ranking2011EN-Fortune2010.pdf
  37. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2012/10/25/world/asia/25iht-sreducemerging25-graphic.html?ref=asia
  38. ^ e.g. Yoyogi seminar published Hensachi (the indication showing the entrance difficulties by prep schools) rankings http://www.yozemi.ac.jp/rank/gakubu/index.html
  39. ^ Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 10 scales) in Japan. 危ない大学・消える大学 2012年版 (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011. 
  40. ^ "Tokyo Institute of Technology | Research Institutes". Titech.ac.jp. Retrieved March 24, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°30′50″N 139°29′00″E / 35.51389°N 139.48333°E / 35.51389; 139.48333