Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line

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     Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line
Subway TokyoHibiya.png
TokyoMetroHibiyaLine0873.jpg
A Tokyo Metro 03 series EMU at Hiroo Station bound for Kita-Senju
Overview
Native name 東京地下鉄日比谷線
Type Rapid transit
Locale Tokyo
Termini Naka-Meguro
Kita-Senju
Stations 21
Daily ridership 1,073,900 (201)[1]
Operation
Opening March 28, 1961
Owner Tokyo Metro
Depot(s) Senju, Takenotsuka
Rolling stock Tokyo Metro 03 series, Tokyu 1000 series, Tobu 20000 series
Technical
Line length 20.3 km (12.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
Route map
HibiyaLine.png
Uniform of station staff, 2014

The Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (東京地下鉄日比谷線 Tōkyō Chikatetsu Hibiya-sen?) is a subway line in Tokyo, Japan, owned and operated by the Tokyo subway operator Tokyo Metro. The line was named after the district of Hibiya, under which it passes.

Overview[edit]

The Hibiya Line runs between Naka-Meguro in Meguro and Kita-Senju in Adachi. The line's path is somewhat similar to that of the Ginza Line; however, the Hibiya Line was designed to serve a number of important districts, such as Ebisu, Roppongi, Tsukiji, Kayabachō and Senju, which were not on an existing line.

The Hibiya Line is connected to the Tobu Skytree Line at Kita-Senju, and through services operate between Naka-Meguro and Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen on the Tobu Skytee Line, and onward to Minami-Kurihashi on the Tōbu Nikkō Line.[2] Some peak-hour services terminate at Takenotsuka, Kita-Koshigaya or Kita-Kasukabe on the Tobu Skytree Line.[2]

Prior to 16 March 2013, when through-running began between the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line and the Tokyu Toyoko Line, Hibiya Line trains also inter-ran via the Tokyu Toyoko Line to Kikuna.[3]

According to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, as of June 2009 the Hibiya Line is the eighth most crowded subway line in Tokyo, running at 164% capacity between Minowa and Iriya stations.[4]

On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color "silver", and its stations are numbered with the prefix "H".

Station list[edit]

All stations are located in Tokyo.

No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
From H-01
H-01 Naka-Meguro[* 1] 中目黒 - 0.0 Tōkyū Tōyoko Line Meguro
H-02 Ebisu 恵比寿 1.0 1.0 Yamanote Line, Saikyō Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line Shibuya
H-03 Hiroo 広尾 1.5 2.5   Minato
H-04 Roppongi 六本木 1.7 4.2 Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-23)
H-05 Kamiyachō 神谷町 1.5 5.7  
H-06 Kasumigaseki 霞ケ関 1.3 7.0 Subway TokyoMarunouchi.png Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-15), Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-08) Chiyoda
H-07 Hibiya 日比谷 1.2 8.2 Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-09), Subway TokyoYurakucho.png Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line (Yūrakuchō: Y-18)
Subway TokyoMita.png Toei Mita Line (I-08)
Yamanote Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line (Yūrakuchō)
H-08 Ginza 銀座 0.4 8.6 Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-09), Subway TokyoMarunouchi.png Marunouchi Line (M-16) Chūō
H-09 Higashi-ginza 東銀座 0.4 9.0 Subway TokyoAsakusa.png Toei Asakusa Line (A-11)
H-10 Tsukiji 築地 0.6 9.6  
H-11 Hatchōbori 八丁堀 1.0 10.6 Keiyō Line
H-12 Kayabachō 茅場町 0.5 11.1 Subway TokyoTozai.png Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line (T-11)
H-13 Ningyōchō 人形町 0.9 12.0 Subway TokyoAsakusa.png Toei Asakusa Line (A-14)
H-14 Kodemmachō 小伝馬町 0.6 12.6  
H-15 Akihabara 秋葉原 0.9 13.5 Yamanote Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line, Chūō-Sōbu Line
Tsukuba Express (01)
Chiyoda
H-16 Naka-Okachimachi 仲御徒町 1.0 14.5 Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (Ueno-Hirokōji: G-15)
Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (Ueno-okachimachi: E-09)
Yamanote Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line (Okachimachi)
Taitō
H-17 Ueno 上野 0.5 15.0 Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-16)
Tohoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Joetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Keihin-Tohoku Line, Tohoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line), Takasaki Line, Jōban Line
Keisei Main Line (Keisei-Ueno)
H-18 Iriya 入谷 1.2 16.2  
H-19 Minowa 三ノ輪 1.2 17.4 Toden Arakawa Line (Minowabashi)
H-20 Minami-Senju 南千住 0.8 18.2 Jōban Line
Tsukuba Express (04)
Arakawa
H-21 Kita-Senju[* 2] 北千住 2.1 20.3 Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-18)
Jōban Line
Tobu Skytree Line (through service for Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen and Minami-Kurihashi on Tōbu Nikkō Line)
Tsukuba Express (05)
Adachi
  1. ^ Naka-Meguro is shared by both Tokyu and Tokyo Metro; Tokyu manages the station.
  2. ^ Kita-Senju is shared by both Tobu Railway and Tokyo Metro; Tobu Railway manages the station.

Planned stations[edit]

A new, as-yet unnamed, station is scheduled to be built between Kamiyachō and Kasumigaseki, provisionally opening in 2020 to serve the 2020 Summer Olympics, and full opening by fiscal 2022.[5] Situated 800 m south of Kasumigaseki and 500 m north of Kamiyacho, it will be located on the west side of the Toranomon Hills commercial and residential complex which opened in June 2014, and will provide connections with a new bus and bus rapid transit terminal also planned ahead of the 2020 Olympics.[5]

Rolling stock[edit]

A fleet of 42 7-car EMUs (294 vehicles) is on order from Kinki Sharyo to be delivered between fiscal 2016 and 2019.[6] The new trains will have 20 metres (65 ft 7 in) long cars with four pairs of doors per side.

Past[edit]

History[edit]

The Hibiya Line was the fourth subway line built in Tokyo after the Ginza Line, Marunouchi Line, and Toei Asakusa Line.

Its basic plan was drawn up by a Ministry of Transportation committee in 1957. Called "Line 2" at the time, it was designed to connect Naka-Meguro in southwest Tokyo with Kita-Koshigaya in the northeast. The full northeastern extension of the line was never built, as the Tobu Railway upgraded to quadruple track within the same corridor to meet capacity demands.

Work began in 1959, with the first section opening in March 1961. The line opened in stages: the northern section, between Kita-Senju and Ningyōchō, was operational in May 1962; the southern section, between Naka-Meguro and Kasumigaseki, opened in March 1964. The final segment, bridging Higashi-Ginza and Kasumigaseki, opened on August 29, 1964, just weeks before the opening ceremony for the 1964 Summer Olympics. This was something of a coup for the Teito Rapid Transit Authority (the predecessor of today's Tokyo Metro), as the Toei Asakusa Line, which was also to be completed in time for the Olympics, had fallen behind schedule and remained under construction for the duration of the Games.

The Hibiya Line was one of the lines targeted in the 1995 Aum sarin gas attack.

On March 8, 2000, five people were killed and 63 were injured when a derailed Hibiya Line train was sideswiped by a second train near Naka-Meguro Station.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tokyo Metro station ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyo Metro) Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Tobu Timetable, 16 March 2013, p.177-188
  3. ^ The 地下鉄 [The Subway]. Japan: Sansuisha. 2004. p. 27. ISBN 4-06-366218-7. 
  4. ^ Metropolis, "Commute", June 12, 2009, p. 07. Capacity is defined as all passengers having a seat or a strap or door railing to hold on to.
  5. ^ a b 日比谷線に新駅設置、東京メトロ [Tokyo Metro to build new station on Hibiya Line]. Tetsudo.com (in Japanese). Japan: Asahi Interactive, Inc. 15 October 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  6. ^ 東京地下鉄株式会社殿日比谷線新型車両受注に関するお知らせ [Order received from Tokyo Metro for new Hibiya Line trains]. News release (in Japanese). Japan: The Kinki Sharyo Co., Ltd. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  7. ^ Failure Knowledge Database 日比谷線の列車脱線衝突 Retrieved on 11 March 2009 (Japanese)

External links[edit]