Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line

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     Tōzai Line
Subway TokyoTozai.png
Tokyometeotozai05-133F.JPG
Overview
Locale Tokyo, Chiba prefectures
Termini Nakano
Nishi-Funabashi
Stations 23
Daily ridership 1,321,656 (FY2010)[1]
Operation
Opening December 23, 1964
Owner Tokyo Metro
Depot(s) Fukagawa, Gyōtoku
Rolling stock 05/05N series, 07 series, 15000 series, 2000 series, E231-800 series
Technical
Line length 30.8 km (19.1 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Operating speed 100 km/h (62 mph)
Route map
Tozai Line.png

The Tōzai Line (東西線 Tōzai-sen?) is a rapid transit line in Tokyo and Chiba Prefecture, Japan, owned and operated by Tokyo Metro. Its name literally means East-West Line. The line runs between Nakano Station in Nakano, Tokyo and Nishi-Funabashi Station in Funabashi, Chiba. The Tōzai Line was referred to as Line 5 during the planning stages, thus the seldom-used official name is Line 5 Tōzai Line (5号線東西線 Go-gō-sen Tōzai-sen?).

Overview[edit]

Trains run through onto the East Japan Railway Company (JR East)'s Chūō-Sōbu Line for Mitaka and the Tōyō Rapid Railway Line for Tōyō-Katsutadai, making the line an alternative route to the Chūō-Sōbu between Nakano and Nishi-Funabashi.

According to the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, as of June 2009 the Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line was the most crowded subway line in Tokyo, at its peak running at 199% capacity between Kiba and Monzen-Nakachō stations.[2] Women-only cars were introduced on the line during morning rush hours starting on November 20, 2006.

On maps, diagrams and signboards, the Tōzai Line is shown using the color "sky blue" (), and its stations are given numbers using the letter T.

Services[edit]

The Tōzai Line was the first Tokyo Metro line on which express services run: three types of rapid trains skip some stations east of Tōyōchō. The Fukutoshin Line began services on June 14, 2008 and also features express services.

Through services to Mitaka via the JR East Chūō-Sōbu Line and Tōyō-Katsutadai via the Tōyō Rapid Railway run all day. During the morning and evening peak periods, through services run to Tsudanuma via the JR East Sōbu Main Line.

Station list[edit]

  • Local trains stop at every station. Rapid trains stop at stations marked "●" and do not stop at those marked "|". Some weekday westbound trains do not stop at stations marked "↑".
Station
No.
Station Japanese Distance (km) Comm. Rapid Rapid Transfers Location
Between
stations
From T-01
T-01 Nakano 中野[* 1] - 0.0 Chūō-Sōbu Line (through service to Mitaka), Chūō Line (Rapid) Nakano Tokyo
T-02 Ochiai 落合 2.0 2.0   Shinjuku
T-03 Takadanobaba 高田馬場 1.9 3.9 Yamanote Line
Seibu Shinjuku Line
T-04 Waseda 早稲田 1.7 5.6 Toden Arakawa Line (Waseda)[* 2]
T-05 Kagurazaka 神楽坂 1.2 6.8  
T-06 Iidabashi 飯田橋 1.2 8.0 Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-10), Subway TokyoYurakucho.png Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line (Y-13)
Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-06)
Chūō-Sōbu Line
Chiyoda
T-07 Kudanshita 九段下 0.7 8.7 Subway TokyoHanzomon.png Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line (Z-06)
Subway TokyoShinjuku.png Toei Shinjuku Line (S-05)
T-08 Takebashi 竹橋 1.0 9.7  
T-09 Ōtemachi 大手町 1.0 10.7 Subway TokyoMarunouchi.png Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (M-18), Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-11), Subway TokyoHanzomon.png Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line (Z-08)
Subway TokyoMita.png Toei Mita Line (I-09),
T-10 Nihombashi 日本橋 0.8 11.5 Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-11)
Subway TokyoAsakusa.png Toei Asakusa Line (A-13)
Chūō
T-11 Kayabachō 茅場町 0.5 12.0 Subway TokyoHibiya.png Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-12)
T-12 Monzen-Nakachō 門前仲町 1.8 13.8 Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-15) Kōtō
T-13 Kiba 木場 1.1 14.9  
T-14 Tōyōchō 東陽町 0.9 15.8  
T-15 Minami-Sunamachi 南砂町 1.2 17.0  
T-16 Nishi-Kasai 西葛西 2.7 19.7   Edogawa
T-17 Kasai 葛西 1.2 20.9  
T-18 Urayasu 浦安 1.9 22.8   Urayasu Chiba
T-19 Minami-Gyōtoku 南行徳 1.2 24.0   Ichikawa
T-20 Gyōtoku 行徳 1.5 25.5  
T-21 Myōden 妙典 1.3 26.8  
T-22 Baraki-Nakayama 原木中山 2.1 28.9   Funabashi
T-23 Nishi-Funabashi 西船橋[* 3] 1.9 30.8 TR Tōyō Rapid Railway Line (through services for Tōyō-Katsutadai)
Chūō-Sōbu Line (some through services mornings/evenings for Tsudanuma), Musashino Line, Keiyō Line
KS Keisei Main Line (Keisei-Nishifuna)
  1. ^ Nakano is shared by Tokyo Metro and JR East; JR East manages the station.
  2. ^ Both the Tokyo Metro and Toei stations are displayed on station maps as being distant from one another, and they are not announced as transfer points for one another.
  3. ^ Nishi-Funabashi is shared by Tokyo Metro, Tōyō Rapid Railway, and JR East; JR East manage the station.

Rolling stock[edit]

Present[edit]

Tōzai Line trains are 20 m long 10-car formations, with four doors per side and longitudinal seating. The maximum operating speed is 100 km/h.

Past[edit]

Depots[edit]

05N series EMU at Fukagawa Workshop
Lineup of Tōzai Line trains at Fukagawa Depot, September 2005
  • Fukagawa Depot (深川検車区)
  • Gyōtoku Depot (深川検車区行徳分室)
  • Fukagawa Workshop (深川工場)

History[edit]

Tokyo Metro 05 series EMU crossing a bridge between Minami-Sunamachi and Nishi-Kasai

The Tōzai Line was planned by a review committee of the then Ministry of Transportation in 1962 and numbered Line 5. Its name literally means "East-West Line", and it was primarily planned to relieve traffic on the busy Sōbu Main Line as well as provide a straight crosstown connection through north-central Tokyo. Although this corridor is now served by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei) Shinjuku Line and JR Keiyō Line as well, the Tōzai Line continues to operate beyond capacity due to its accessibility to other lines, as well as to growing condominium developments in eastern Tokyo.

The Takadanobaba to Kudanshita section opened in 1964, and the remainder opened in stages until its completion in 1969. Through service with the then Japan National Railways began in 1969 connecting the Chūō and Sōbu lines.

The Tōyō Rapid Railway Line, effectively an eastward extension of the line, opened in 1996.

Chronology[edit]

  • March 16, 1966: The line is extended at both ends. It now runs between Nakano and Takebashi.
  • April 28, 1966: Through service to the Chūō Line of JNR commences as far as Ogikubo.
  • October 1, 1966: Takebashi to Ōtemachi section opens.
  • September 14, 1967: Ōtemachi to Tōyōchō section opens.
  • March 29, 1969: Tōyōchō to Nishi-Funabashi section opens and Rapid service begins (non-stop between Tōyōchō and Nishi-Funabashi).
  • April 8, 1969: Through service on the Chūō Line is extended to Mitaka, and through service begins on the Sōbu line to Tsudanuma.
  • April 8, 1972: Through service on the Sōbu Line is withdrawn except during rush hours.
  • 1975: Another type of Rapid service is introduced, calling at Urayasu between Tōyōchō and Nishi-Funabashi.
  • October 1, 1979: Nishi-Kasai station opens.
  • March 27, 1981: Minami-Gyōtoku station opens.
  • 1986: Commuter Rapid service is introduced, running non-stop between Urayasu and Nishi-Funabashi.
  • (April 1, 1987: JNR is privatised. The Chūō and Sōbu lines become the property of JR East.)
  • (March 20, 1995: The Tokyo subway Sarin gas attack occurred on the Chiyoda, Marunouchi, and Hibiya lines.)
  • 1996: The Rapid service that runs non-stop between Tōyōchō and Nishi-Funabashi ceases.
  • April 27, 1996: Tōyō Rapid Line opens between Nishi-Funabashi and Tōyō-Katsutadai. Through service begins.
  • January 22, 2000: Myōden station opens.
  • April 1, 2004: Teito Rapid Transit Authority (TRTA or Eidan) becomes Tokyo Metro.
  • November 20, 2006: Women-only cars are introduced during morning rush hours.

References[edit]

  • Shaw, Dennis and Morioka, Hisashi, "Tokyo Subways", published 1992 by Hoikusha Publishing
  1. ^ Tokyo Metro station ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyo Metro) Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  2. ^ Metropolis, "Commute", June 12, 2009, p. 07. Capacity is defined as all passengers having a seat or a strap or door railing to hold on to.

External links[edit]